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Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra

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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2016, 10:59
paandey wrote:
Just one clarification needed here :
Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services.

shouldn't it be "brings" and "incapacitates" instead, according to the S-V agreement ? It's the denial that's bringing down and incapacitating the systems. Kindly correct me if I am wrong.


Note upper case of the first alphabets of words in "Internet Denial Of Service". We use upper case for proper nouns. Examples, Narendra Modi, Magnetic Resonace Imaging(MRI), etc.

Internet Denial of Service here is modifying attacks.

A similar example:

To confirm the tumor, MRI tests are planned for him.
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2016, 20:10
Internet Denial Of Service attacks, [u]which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services.

which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

fearful administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services
means that the administrators bring down the systems that provide services

feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services[/quote]

Question:
Why is verb -ed modifier preferred over which? I think both D and E are grammatically correct, but "which" is redundant in D.
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2016, 02:55
Seriously WHY IS D WRONG??????
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2016, 03:24
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iliavko wrote:
Seriously WHY IS D WRONG??????


D is not grammatically wrong. It's just inferior to E because of wordiness. "which are" are two extra words in D and not adding much to the meaning. You don't need the dependent clause "which are feared...." when the equivalent past participle phrase "feared..." can do the same job. Honestly, official questions won't test just this split to choose between right and wrong options.
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New post 24 Apr 2016, 03:36
Thank you!!! I can finally sleep at night lol
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New post 24 Apr 2016, 03:43
iliavko wrote:
Thank you!!! I can finally sleep at night lol


Haha. Was my reply that boring?
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New post 24 Apr 2016, 03:47
lol this question was driving me nuts, seriously..
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2016, 12:15
In Option D "which" modifies only attacks. Its not the attacks that administrators fear about. Administrators are worried about the Denial Of Service attacks.
In Option E, the -ed form the verb modifies the previous phrase. That's the reason why I think option E is correct.

You can check out more info on '-ed" and "ing" modifiers in MGMAT and egmat courses.
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2016, 22:01
goodyear2013 wrote:
Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services.

which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

fearful administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services


is n't "which" without comma is wrong in every sentence (until unless it is followed by prepositional pharse like "in which" "for which"
also IMO it should be "brings down" Internet Denial Of Service attacks - is singular.
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2016, 07:54
abrakadabra21 wrote:
goodyear2013 wrote:
Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services.

which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

fearful administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services


is n't "which" without comma is wrong in every sentence (until unless it is followed by prepositional pharse like "in which" "for which"
also IMO it should be "brings down" Internet Denial Of Service attacks - is singular.


Yes, ideally there should have been a comma before which (a non-essential modifier). Nonetheless GMAT does not differentiate a wrong answer from a right one just on the basis of punctuation.

The verb "bring down" is correct. The subject is plural "attacks". IDS (Internet Service Denial) is the type of attack.
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New post 08 Aug 2019, 18:45
clipea12 wrote:
we can easily come down to D and E, but any idea why D is incorrect ?
thank you


D is wordy and the which are makes it passive voice. the option in passive voice is the correct option only if it is the only grammatically correct sentence.In this question, E is also grammatically correct and is in active voice. So, E is correct.
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New post 19 Sep 2019, 07:00
goodyear2013 wrote:
Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services.


A. which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

B. fearful administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

C. feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

D. which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

E. feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services


This is a poor quality question imo. All question have mid sentence "which" with no prior comma. The difference in the choices are also mostly very subtle and not a commonly gmat tested topic
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2019, 07:50
goodyear2013 wrote:
Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services.


A. which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

B. fearful administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

C. feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

D. which are feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services

E. feared by the administrators of many websites and web hosting companies, often bring down or incapacitate systems which provide vital computerized services


Compared to "which" verb-ed modifier fits the case better, so we can rule out option A and D. Bring down the system makes sense so we can rule out option C. Option B makes no sense at all so E is the best fit.
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2019, 03:19
I feel "which" makes better sense out here in option D.

As per my understanding, "administrators of many websites and web hosting companies" are feared of Service attacks not the Internet Denial. SO which are clearly refers to plural entity that is "Service attacks".
And D is the one in same line.

Experts pls suggest what I am missing out here.
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2019, 08:40
In my view, all option contain "bring and incapacitate". This means that it is not error related to singular-plural. So we need to figure out other error to filter out correct choice.
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New post 10 Oct 2019, 20:14
"bring and incapacitate" belongs to "Internet Denial", which is singular entity and that is absolutely fine.

My main concern was what "administrators of many websites and web hosting companies" are feared of what ?
"Internet Denial" or "Service attacks" ??

Logically they should be feared of "Service attacks", as per my understanding. And this is plural entity. Overall it clearly make sense that "administrators of many websites and web hosting companies" are afraid of attacks and option D states this.


But in option E , its not very clear whether verb-ed modifier "feared" modifies "Internet Denial" or "Service attacks"
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Re: Internet Denial Of Service attacks, which are feared by the administra   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2019, 20:14

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