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Re: Is (x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2? [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
Is \((x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2\)?


(1) \(|x| \leq 0\)

(2) \(\sqrt{y^2} \leq 0\)


the question stem can be reduced to -
\((x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2\)-------> \(x^2 + y^2 + 2xy > x^2 + y^2\)
solving it, the question stem becomes Is xy>0

Statement 1: implies that either |x| = 0 or |x| <0. |x| cannot be negative. so we Know that |x| = 0
or xy=0. Hence we get a NO for our question stem . Sufficient

Statement 2: \(\sqrt{y^2} \leq 0\) implies that either \(\sqrt{y^2} = 0\) or \(\sqrt{y^2} < 0\)
Square root is always positive in GMAT. Hence y=0.
So xy=0. Hence we get a NO for our question stem . Sufficient

Hence Option D
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Re: Is (x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2? [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
Is \((x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2\)?


(1) \(|x| \leq 0\)

(2) \(\sqrt{y^2} \leq 0\)


Given : nothing
DS: \((x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2\)

Option 1 : \(|x| \leq 0\)
|x| always assumes +ve value or 0 . so only possibility is x =0.SUFFICIENT

Option 2: \(\sqrt{y^2} \leq 0\)
\(\sqrt{y^2}\) always assumes +ve value or 0. So only possibility is y= 0. SUFFICIENT
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Re: Is (x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2? [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
Is \((x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2\)?


(1) \(|x| \leq 0\)

(2) \(\sqrt{y^2} \leq 0\)


Target question: Is (x + y)² > x² + y²?

This is a good candidate for rephrasing the target question.

Take: (x + y)² > x² + y²
Expand and simplify: x² + 2xy + y² > x² + y²
Subtract x² and y² from both sides to get: 2xy > 0
Divide both sides by 2 to get: xy > 0

REPHRASED target question: Is xy > 0?

Statement 1: |x| ≤ 0
This inequality should seem odd to us, since the absolute value of a number is always GREATER THAN OR EQUAL to zero.
This inequality is saying the absolute value of some number is LESS THAN OR EQUAL to zero.
Since the absolute value of a number can never be negative, it must us the case that |x| = 0, which means x = 0.
If x = 0, then xy = (0)y = 0, which means we can answer the REPHRASED target question with certainty.
It is NOT the case that xy > 0
Since we can answer the REPHRASED target question with certainty, statement 1 is SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: √(y²) ≤ 0
This inequality should also seem odd to us, because the square root notation instructs us to find the POSITIVE square root of a number, which means √(some number) is always GREATER THAN OR EQUAL to zero.
The given inequality is saying √(some number) is LESS THAN OR EQUAL to zero.
Since √(some number) can never be negative, it must us the case that √(y²) = 0, which means y = 0.
If y = 0, then xy = (x)(0) = 0, which means we can answer the REPHRASED target question with certainty.
It is NOT the case that xy > 0
Since we can answer the REPHRASED target question with certainty, statement 2 is SUFFICIENT

Answer:

RELATED VIDEO

Originally posted by BrentGMATPrepNow on 23 Jun 2017, 06:32.
Last edited by BrentGMATPrepNow on 21 Jul 2020, 08:58, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Is (x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2? [#permalink]
Solution:

Statement 1: Modulus of a value is never negative.
So the only possible value of x is x=0.

Statement 2: Square root of a value is never negative.
Again the only possible value of x is x=0.

Therefore the answer is Option D.
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Re: Is (x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2? [#permalink]
Hi,
Why sqrt(y2)≤0 is the same as saying |y|≤0
I know tht sqrt(9) is +/-3 but sqrt(3)^2 is always positive right?
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Re: Is (x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2? [#permalink]
Expert Reply
sasidharrs wrote:
Hi,
Why sqrt(y2)≤0 is the same as saying |y|≤0
I know tht sqrt(9) is +/-3 but sqrt(3)^2 is always positive right?


MUST KNOW: \(\sqrt{x^2}=|x|\):

The point here is that since square root function cannot give negative result then \(\sqrt{some \ expression}\geq{0}\).

So \(\sqrt{x^2}\geq{0}\). But what does \(\sqrt{x^2}\) equal to?

Let's consider following examples:
If \(x=5\) --> \(\sqrt{x^2}=\sqrt{25}=5=x=positive\);
If \(x=-5\) --> \(\sqrt{x^2}=\sqrt{25}=5=-x=positive\).

So we got that:
\(\sqrt{x^2}=x\), if \(x\geq{0}\);
\(\sqrt{x^2}=-x\), if \(x<0\).

What function does exactly the same thing? The absolute value function: \(|x|=x\), if \(x\geq{0}\) and \(|x|=-x\), if \(x<0\). That is why \(\sqrt{x^2}=|x|\).

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Is (x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2? [#permalink]
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Re: Is (x + y)^2 > x^2 + y^2? [#permalink]
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