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Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that

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Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 04:08
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Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that foreign tourists on guided tours, despite their inexperience and lack of knowledge, manage to see rare animals more often than they do. Unlike in a zoo, the animals wander around to their hearts' content in a huge natural area, and there is never any guarantee that a visitor to such a reserve will see a specific type of animal. Although it is believed that the success of the foreign tourists is a result of "beginner's luck", what could actually explain this phenomenon is the fact that __________.

Which of the following best completes the passage below?


(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rains

(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the park

(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators

(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals


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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 04:20
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The passage states that the foreign tourists get to see rare animals more often than the local tourists. Although it is believed that the success of the foreign tourists is a result of "beginner's luck", what could actually explain this phenomenon is the fact that

(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rains
(No stats given regarding the increase in no. Of animals in natural reserves which can't be just predicted) (Incorrect)

(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the park
(Even if it seems true there is no relation between the lack of communication of foreign tourists and local tourists and the rare animal spectators) (Incorrect)

(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor (this can be a reason that the foreign tourists might have a well experienced tourist guides as compare to local tourists. Which enable foreign tourists to directly explore the places where rare animals are speculated) <<<Correct>>>

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators (no relation with the speculation of rare animals on natural reserves.) (Incorrect)

(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals ( No confirmation regarding the special courses took by the foreign tourists, moreover its not necessary that each and everyone will follow through same course.) (Incorrect)

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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 05:14
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Premise : Local tourists manage to see rare animals less often than foreign tourists on guided tours.
What could actually explain this phenomenon is the fact that __________.

Ques : Which of the following best completes the passage below?

Pre-thinking : We need to find an explanation from the options which tell us why guided foriegn tourists more oftenly see rare animals than local tourists.
One reasn could be that guided tour tourists take different route than local tourists and that the location of rare animals is known to these giudes only.

Lets analyse the options now :
(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rains : Incorrect as this does not explain the disparity of sightings of rare animals between these two groups.

(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the park : Incorrect this is also does not explain the disparity in sightings.

(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor : Correct : as this can make the difference in the sightings of the rare animals.

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators : Incorrect as this does not explain the disparity of sightings of rare animals between these two groups.

(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals as this does not explain the disparity of sightings of rare animals between these two groups. : Incorrect as knowing the course in their own country does not mean that it will be beneficial in a different country.
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Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 05:50
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Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that foreign tourists on guided tours, despite their inexperience and lack of knowledge, manage to see rare animals more often than they do. Unlike in a zoo, the animals wander around to their hearts' content in a huge natural area, and there is never any guarantee that a visitor to such a reserve will see a specific type of animal. Although it is believed that the success of the foreign tourists is a result of "beginner's luck", what could actually explain this phenomenon is the fact that __________.

Which of the following best completes the passage below?


(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rains
--> Incorrect: Just because the number of animals have increased does neither mean that the number of rare animals have also increased or the fact that the visitors were able to sight the rare animals.

(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the park
--> Incorrect: This fact does not contribute anything to the sighting of the rare animals

(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor
---> Correct: This is a potential explanation because these tourists can be guided to catch a sight of these rare animals or shown how to trace them perhaps from the experienced tour guides.

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators
--> Incorrect: I did think about the validity of this choice but the only thing is this fact does not help explain why the rare animals were sighted. We can't assume because these animals were nocturnal, they came out at night in the open or were running away from predators.

(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals
-->Incorrect: Mere knowledge of classification does not mean the sightings of rare animals were possible.

An: (C)
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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 07:02
C.
TOURISTS SEEING RARE ANIMALS> LOCALS . WHY IS THAT
REASON: TOURISTS GO WITH MORE EXPERIENCED GUIDES THAN LOCALS.

E could be correct, if i.e tourists took extra courses that give them extra knowledge about rare animals hiding places or natural environment in the reserves, but E focuses on classification
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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 23:27
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(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rainsOut of scope

(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the parkOut of scope

(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitorCorrect.the tour guides are more knowledgeable than the average local visitor, it makes sense that they would be more successful at locating the rare animals.So foreign to0urists are able to see more rare animals than local people.

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predatorsOut of scope

(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animalsIt's already mentioned in the premise that the foreign tourists lack the knowledge.
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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 01:51

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that foreign tourists on guided tours, despite their inexperience and lack of knowledge, manage to see rare animals more often than they do. Unlike in a zoo, the animals wander around to their hearts' content in a huge natural area, and there is never any guarantee that a visitor to such a reserve will see a specific type of animal. Although it is believed that the success of the foreign tourists is a result of "beginner's luck", what could actually explain this phenomenon is the fact that __________.

Which of the following best completes the passage below?



(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rains

Incorrect.

This is a "Complete the Argument" format question. The missing argument part follows the phrase what could actually explain this phenomenon... so its role is to explain contradicting premises. Therefore, this is a Paradox question:

    Premise A: South African visitors to nature reserves complain that tourists on guided tours see rare animals more often than they do

    Premise B: it is not that easy to see certain animals in such a reserve, and tourists lack any knowledge in this field
    +
    Premise C: it is believed that the tourists have "beginner's luck" but actually...

    Resolving Premise: ?

This answer choice cannot explain the paradox and therefore cannot logically complete the argument. If there are more animals in the nature reserves than it should be easier for local visitors and tourists to see them, but still only the tourists see them.



(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the park

Incorrect.

This is a "Complete the Argument" format question. The missing argument part follows the phrase what could actually explain this phenomenon... so its role is to explain contradicting premises. Therefore, this is a Paradox question:

    Premise A: South African visitors to nature reserves complain that tourists on guided tours see rare animals more often than they do

    Premise B: it is not that easy to see certain animals in such a reserve, and tourists lack any knowledge in this field
    +
    Premise C: it is believed that the tourists have "beginner's luck" but actually...

    Resolving Premise: ?

This answer contradicts one of the premises and therefore cannot logically complete the argument. If tourists and local visitors did not communicate, how would locals know how many rare animals the tourists saw?



(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor

This answer choice logically resolves the paradox and completes the argument. If the tour guides are more knowledgeable than the average local visitor, it makes sense that they would be more successful at locating the rare animals and that their group of tourists will see more rare animals.


(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators

Incorrect.

This answer choice fails to resolve the paradox and therefore cannot logically complete the argument. More details about which types of animals are considered rare does not help explain why tourists see more of them than locals.



(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals

Incorrect.

Since it explains the tourists' classification skills, this answer choice could explain how tourists recognize rare animals when they see them. However, it fails to explain the paradox at hand which is - why do tourists see more rare animals than locals? Therefore, it cannot logically complete the argument.

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Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 02:46

A SMALL EXAMPLE


LET US SUPPOSE THAT THERE ARE TWO COUNTRIES X AND Y. C (FOREIGNER) IS FROM COUNTRY X AND D(LOCAL) IS FROM COUNTRY Y .Y HAS WORLD FAMOUS SANCTUARY WHICH HOUSES VARIOUS SNAKE SPECIES FROM RARE TO MOST COMMON SIGHTED.NOW D COMPLAINS THAT C HAS LOCATED MORE NUMBER OF RARE SPECIES THAN HIM DESPITE C BEING INEXPERIENCED AND LACKING KNOWLEGDE.WHY?
THIS COULD BE POSSIBLE IF A PERSON MORE EXPERIENCED THAN D(LOCAL) WILL GUIDE C(FOREIGNER) TO LOCATE THESE SNAKES.(SOMEWHAT SIMILAR TO OPTION C)
NOW,
Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that foreign tourists
on guided tours
, despite their
inexperience and lack of knowledge
, manage to see rare animals more often than they do. Unlike in a zoo, the animals wander around to their hearts' content in a huge natural area, and there is never any guarantee that a visitor to such a reserve will see a specific type of animal. Although it is believed that the success of the foreign tourists is a result of "beginner's luck", what could actually explain this phenomenon is the fact that __________.

Which of the following best completes the passage below?


(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rainsincrease in the no. of animals doesnt mean that the foreigners will be able to locate them.

(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the parkout of scope

(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor.exactly what i explained in the example

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators.out of scope

(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals.Two reasons why this option is wrong:-
A)In the passage,it is written that they are inexperienced and lack knowledge.
B)Ok,even if they take courses ,they can only classify the rare animals.They cannot go and locate exactly where they are found something which only guide can tell us.

:)

hope that helps



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Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2020, 04:44
Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that foreign tourists on guided tours, despite their inexperience and lack of knowledge, manage to see rare animals more often than they do. Unlike in a zoo, the animals wander around to their hearts' content in a huge natural area, and there is never any guarantee that a visitor to such a reserve will see a specific type of animal. Although it is believed that the success of the foreign tourists is a result of "beginner's luck", what could actually explain this phenomenon is the fact that __________.

Which of the following best completes the passage below?

We need to find some alternate reason for foreign tourists seeing rare animals

(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rains OOS

(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the park OOS

(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor Boom! Spot on, this tells us that actually it's the guide and not tourist's luck that they are able to sight more animals

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators OOS

(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals OOS
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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2020, 16:57

(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rains
- we do not know whether this increase in the number of animals includes the rare animals spotted by the foreign tourists.

(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the park
- irrelevant.

(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor - the experienced tour guides (who guide foreign tourists) are better capable at spotting rare animals. This capability (of tour guides) improves the chances of spotting rare animals and therefore foreign tourists are able to see rare animals more often than the local visitors do. Hence, (C) is the right answer choice.

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators
- the classification of rare animals is irrelevant here.

(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals
- does not help explain why foreign tourists are able to see rare animals more often.
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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that   [#permalink] 06 Jun 2020, 16:57

Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that

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