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# Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast

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Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2018, 04:25
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

38% (01:26) correct 62% (01:10) wrong based on 175 sessions

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Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast of Venezuela, is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been visited by Europeans until the sixteenth century.

(A) is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(B) was the small but fertile island of Trinidad, which retained its name from the period when it had first been discovered, and though picturesque, it had rarely been

(C) Trinidad is a small but fertile island that retains its name from the period of its first discovery, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(D) is a small but fertile island, which has retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, had rarely been

(E) the small but fertile island of Trinidad, retaining its name from the period of its first discovery, though picturesque, rarely

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Re: Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2018, 04:36
1
itisSheldon wrote:
Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast of Venezuela, is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been visited by Europeans until the sixteenth century.

(A) is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(B) was the small but fertile island of Trinidad, which retained its name from the period when it had first been discovered, and though picturesque, it had rarely been

(C) Trinidad is a small but fertile island that retains its name from the period of its first discovery, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(D) is a small but fertile island, which has retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, had rarely been

(E) the small but fertile island of Trinidad, retaining its name from the period of its first discovery, though picturesque, rarely

Can anyone please explain why C is wrong.
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Re: Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2018, 05:59
2
kunalcvrce wrote:
itisSheldon wrote:
Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast of Venezuela, is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been visited by Europeans until the sixteenth century.

(A) is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(B) was the small but fertile island of Trinidad, which retained its name from the period when it had first been discovered, and though picturesque, it had rarely been

(C) Trinidad is a small but fertile island that retains its name from the period of its first discovery, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(D) is a small but fertile island, which has retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, had rarely been

(E) the small but fertile island of Trinidad, retaining its name from the period of its first discovery, though picturesque, rarely

Can anyone please explain why C is wrong.

One possible explanation.

Notice the end of the sentence has rarely been visited by Europeans until the sixteenth century.
Here the presence of until present a situation which requires past perfect verb. So present perfect verb tense as in A & C are out, Similarly E is out because of use of rarely been visted.

So left with B & D.
use of was in B makes it an incorrect option.

So correct ans D
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Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2018, 10:41
1
kunalcvrce wrote:
itisSheldon wrote:
Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast of Venezuela, is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been visited by Europeans until the sixteenth century.

(A) is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(B) was the small but fertile island of Trinidad, which retained its name from the period when it had first been discovered, and though picturesque, it had rarely been

(C) Trinidad is a small but fertile island that retains its name from the period of its first discovery, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(D) is a small but fertile island, which has retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, had rarely been

(E) the small but fertile island of Trinidad, retaining its name from the period of its first discovery, though picturesque, rarely

Can anyone please explain why C is wrong.

(A) is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad,
and though picturesque, has rarely been
(wrong tense "had retained" implies that the name has changed now to something else. Correct tense is "has retained", which implies that the name exists till now. Also " has rarely been visited" means very less visits till now, but this does not go well with "until the sixteenth century".)

(B) was the small but fertile island of Trinidad, which retained its name from the period when it had first been discovered, and though picturesque, it had rarely been
(wrong tense sequence)

(C) Trinidad is a small but fertile island that retains its name from the period of its first discovery, and though picturesque, has rarely been
(we require a present perfect tense " has retained" to show that name has been discovered earlier, and it still exists. Also " has rarely been visited" means very less visits till now, and this does not go well with until the sixteenth century".)

(D) is a small but fertile island, which has retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, had rarely been
Correct sequence of tenses.

(E) the small but fertile island of Trinidad, retaining its name from the period of its first discovery, though picturesque, rarely
Modifying error
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Re: Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2018, 20:33
itisSheldon wrote:
Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast of Venezuela, is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been visited by Europeans until the sixteenth century.

(A) is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(B) was the small but fertile island of Trinidad, which retained its name from the period when it had first been discovered, and though picturesque, it had rarely been

(C) Trinidad is a small but fertile island that retains its name from the period of its first discovery, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(D) is a small but fertile island, which has retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, had rarely been

(E) the small but fertile island of Trinidad, retaining its name from the period of its first discovery, though picturesque, rarely

I eliminated A,B and D as i couldn't find subject for is/was.

Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean-- Modified
about seven miles off the coast of Venezuela--Modifier
is a small but fertile island--- What is the subject here ?
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Re: Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2018, 01:33
kunalcvrce wrote:
itisSheldon wrote:
Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast of Venezuela, is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been visited by Europeans until the sixteenth century.

(A) is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(B) was the small but fertile island of Trinidad, which retained its name from the period when it had first been discovered, and though picturesque, it had rarely been

(C) Trinidad is a small but fertile island that retains its name from the period of its first discovery, and though picturesque, has rarely been

(D) is a small but fertile island, which has retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, had rarely been

(E) the small but fertile island of Trinidad, retaining its name from the period of its first discovery, though picturesque, rarely

Can anyone please explain why C is wrong.

Hi C can be eliminated on the basis of parallelism as there are two clauses that are joined by and so they should have their own subject .
In C "though picturesque, has rarely been"does not have its own subject .
I am not so sure about other choices .
GMATNinja please shed some light on other choices .
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Re: Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2018, 07:20
OE by egmat

Meaning Analysis
The sentence presents general information about Trinidad. Trinidad
*is located in the vast Atlantic ocean.
*is about seven miles off the coast of Venezuela.
*is a small but fertile island.
*has retained its name from the time it was first discovered.
*is picturesque but was only occasionally visited by Europeans until the sixteenth century.
Error Analysis
1) Use of the past perfect tense verb “had retained” is incorrect because it indicates that the small island was known as Trinidad in the past and has some other name now. This is certainly not true. This error can be rectified by turning “had” into “has” as this action of retaining the name started in the past and still continues.

2) Use of the present perfect tense verb “has been visited” is not correct because Trinidad was rarely visited by Europeans before the 16th century. So, the action of “rarely visited” took place before the 16th century and should be represented in either the past perfect tense or the simple past tense. Note that the past perfect tense is optional here since “until the sixteenth century” already shows the sequencing of actions.

Note that this sentence uses the inverted SV structure. Hence, “is located” is the verb for the subject “a small island”. “Located” is not a verb-ed modifier in the original sentence.
Quote:
A) is a small but fertile island that had retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, has rarely been

Incorrect: This choice has the errors stated in the error analysis.
Quote:
B) was the small but fertile island of Trinidad, which retained its name from the period when it had first been discovered, and though picturesque, it had rarely been

Incorrect:
1) Use of the simple past tense verb “was” is not correct because Trinidad is still located in the vast Atlantic Ocean.

2) Use of the simple past tense verb “retained” is incorrect for the same reason explained in the error analysis.

3) Use of the past perfect tense verb “had been discovered” is incorrect because this action did not take place before any other related event from the past.

Quote:
C) Trinidad is a small but fertile island that retains its name from the period of its first discovery, and though picturesque, has rarely been

Incorrect:
1) This choice repeats the “has been visited” verb tense error of Choice A.

2) Use of the simple present tense verb “retains” is incorrect since it is clear from the context of the sentence that this action started at a particular point in the past and is still valid. So, the present perfect tense should be used to represent this action.

Note that as per this choice, “located” now acts as the opening verb-ed modifier that correctly and logically modifies “Trinidad”, the subject of the main clause. The verb for this subject is “is”.

Quote:
D) is a small but fertile island, which has retained from the period of its first discovery the name of Trinidad, and though picturesque, had rarely been

Correct:
This indeed is the correct answer choice. Use of the present perfect tense verb “has retained” is correct. Also, use of the past perfect tense “had been visited” is correct as it clearly conveys that before the 16th century, Europeans hardly visited Trinidad. As noted in the error analysis, use of “had been visited” is optional and the simple past tense verb “was visited” can also be used here as “until” clearly establishes the time sequencing in the sentence.
Quote:
E) the small but fertile island of Trinidad, retaining its name from the period of its first discovery, though picturesque, rarely

Incorrect:
There is no verb for the subject “the small but fertile island of Trinidad”.
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Re: Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast   [#permalink] 02 Apr 2018, 07:20
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# Located in the vast Atlantic Ocean, about seven miles off the coast

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