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# Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations

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Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 241
Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2008, 20:31
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Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations to improve cultivated crops come from lessdeveloped nations. No compensation is paid on the grounds that the plants used are "the common heritage of humanity." Such reasoning is, however,flawed. After all, no one suggests that coal, oil, and ores should be extracted without payment.

Which of the following best describes an aspect of the method used by the author in the argument above?

A The author proceeds from a number of specific observations to a tentative generalization.
B The author applies to the case under discussion facts about phenomena assumed to be similar in some relevant respect.
C A position is strengthened by showing that the opposite of that position would have logically absurd consequences.
D A line of reasoning is called into question on the grounds that it confuses cause and effect in a causal relation.
E An argument is analyzed by separating statements of fact from individual value judgments.
Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2008
Posts: 204
Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2008, 20:58
ssandeepan wrote:
Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations to improve cultivated crops come from lessdeveloped nations. No compensation is paid on the grounds that the plants used are "the common heritage of humanity." Such reasoning is, however,flawed. After all, no one suggests that coal, oil, and ores should be extracted without payment.

Which of the following best describes an aspect of the method used by the author in the argument above?

A The author proceeds from a number of specific observations to a tentative generalization.
B The author applies to the case under discussion facts about phenomena assumed to be similar in some relevant respect.
C A position is strengthened by showing that the opposite of that position would have logically absurd consequences.
D A line of reasoning is called into question on the grounds that it confuses cause and effect in a causal relation.
E An argument is analyzed by separating statements of fact from individual value judgments.

ANS should be C. "Such reasoning is, however, flawed"...
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1408
Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2008, 21:27
Richardson wrote:
ssandeepan wrote:
Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations to improve cultivated crops come from lessdeveloped nations. No compensation is paid on the grounds that the plants used are "the common heritage of humanity." Such reasoning is, however,flawed. After all, no one suggests that coal, oil, and ores should be extracted without payment.

Which of the following best describes an aspect of the method used by the author in the argument above?

A The author proceeds from a number of specific observations to a tentative generalization.
B The author applies to the case under discussion facts about phenomena assumed to be similar in some relevant respect.
C A position is strengthened by showing that the opposite of that position would have logically absurd consequences.
D A line of reasoning is called into question on the grounds that it confuses cause and effect in a causal relation.
E An argument is analyzed by separating statements of fact from individual value judgments.

ANS should be C. "Such reasoning is, however, flawed"...

IMO B, I was between B & C. I don't see any logically absurd consequences as mentioned in C.

In B, the author applies the facts of mineral extraction to the plant development.
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Joined: 16 Jul 2008
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Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 01:11
Close call between B and C. I choose C.

My reasoning: B is not completely wrong, but C is better because it describes more precisely what the authoer does.

Edit: C talks about the author's "position" and B talks about "case under discussion". The second may imply that the author is objectively comparing different positions on an issue, for example. C is better, because it shows that the author has a specific position, which he seeks to strengthen by invoking the comparison.
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Last edited by Nerdboy on 04 Sep 2008, 02:12, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 02:07
Another C.
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1408
Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 07:24
@ all folks who prefer C to B,

Can you please tell me what are those logically absurd consequences the author is pointing to us? I don't see any consequences. I see only comparison because author thinks that both needs to have same/similar process.
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Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 07:58
icandy wrote:
@ all folks who prefer C to B,

Can you please tell me what are those logically absurd consequences the author is pointing to us? I don't see any consequences. I see only comparison because author thinks that both needs to have same/similar process.

Absurd consequences = extracting oil, gas and ores without payment.
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Senior Manager
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Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 08:00
Note that you don't actually have to agree with the author, just understand his/her line of reasoning. Even if the reasoning is flawed/wrong in some way.
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VP
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Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 08:52
OP what is the OA?
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Joined: 06 Apr 2008
Posts: 435
Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 09:35
ssandeepan wrote:
Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations to improve cultivated crops come from lessdeveloped nations. No compensation is paid on the grounds that the plants used are "the common heritage of humanity." Such reasoning is, however,flawed. After all, no one suggests that coal, oil, and ores should be extracted without payment.

Which of the following best describes an aspect of the method used by the author in the argument above?

A The author proceeds from a number of specific observations to a tentative generalization.
B The author applies to the case under discussion facts about phenomena assumed to be similar in some relevant respect.
C A position is strengthened by showing that the opposite of that position would have logically absurd consequences.
D A line of reasoning is called into question on the grounds that it confuses cause and effect in a causal relation.
E An argument is analyzed by separating statements of fact from individual value judgments.

IMO B)

I dont think there is anything opposite being discussed as suggested in C)
Manager
Joined: 28 Aug 2008
Posts: 101
Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 11:49
I am riding on the C train as well.

IMO its the only answer that makes sense to me
Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 296
Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 12:01
B for me :

A The author proceeds from a number of specific observations to a tentative generalization.
B The author applies to the case under discussion facts about phenomena assumed to be similar in some relevant respect.
C A position is strengthened by showing that the opposite of that position would have logically absurd consequences.
D A line of reasoning is called into question on the grounds that it confuses cause and effect in a causal relation.
E An argument is analyzed by separating statements of fact from individual value judgments.
Director
Joined: 30 Jun 2007
Posts: 786
Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2008, 13:39
Another B
Manager
Joined: 16 Oct 2011
Posts: 129
Location: United States
Re: CR aspect of argument [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2011, 06:58
Nerdboy wrote:
icandy wrote:
@ all folks who prefer C to B,

Can you please tell me what are those logically absurd consequences the author is pointing to us? I don't see any consequences. I see only comparison because author thinks that both needs to have same/similar process.

Absurd consequences = extracting oil, gas and ores without payment.

I find it to be B.
Clearly, one cannot deny that here is no comparison.
But, in case of C, there is no real 'consequence' that can be absurd. The author feels the reasoning would be absurd. No consequences have been mentioned like , no compensation paid => farmers suicide etc...
Also, C is quite general, meaning, it says, a position is strengthened by showing the other is absurd.
Actually, the position is strengthened by comparison method, which is the actual cause to prove that the counter argument is logically flawed/absurd. Hence, C is got from multiple steps, while B is instantly conclusive.

Thanks!
Manager
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GMAT Date: 12-30-2011
Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2011, 09:02
+1 for B
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Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2011, 14:17
I go with C
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Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2011, 00:16
I chose C
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Manager
Joined: 08 Jul 2008
Posts: 145
Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2011, 20:26
+1 B
Manager
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Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2013, 06:21
I go with C ... it gives a clearer meaning ...
Re: Many plant varieties used in industrially developed nations   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2013, 06:21
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