Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recognized to have solved the Hilbert Conjecture. Ghosh posted his work on the internet,rather than submitting it to established journals. In fact,
he has no job, let alone a university position; he lives alone and has refused all acclaim. In reporting on Ghosh, the press unfortunately has reinforced the popular view that mathematicians are antisocial loners. But
mathematicians clearly form a tightly knit community,frequently collaborating on important efforts; indeed, teams of researchers are working together to extend Ghosh's findings.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following
roles?
(A) The first is an observation the author makes to illustrate a social pattern; the second is a generalization of that pattern.
(B) The first is evidence in favor of the popular view expressed in the argument;the second is a brief restatement of that view.
(C) The first is a specific example of a generalization that the author contradicts;the second is a reiteration of that generalization.
(D) The first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that the author asserts;the second is that generalization.
(E) The first is a judgment that counters the primary assertion expressed in the argument; the second is a circumstance on which that judgment is based.