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# Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are  [#permalink]

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24 May 2018, 02:34
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15% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (01:03) correct 25% (01:19) wrong based on 199 sessions

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Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become vulnerable to disease and premature death.

A. requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become

B. requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

C. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become

D. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

E. has a requirement that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

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Re: Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are  [#permalink]

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24 May 2018, 03:33
C . Requires need the subjunctive be
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Re: Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are  [#permalink]

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24 May 2018, 03:48
A. requires that large swathes of crops ((are)) grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become - incorrect

B. requires that large swathes of crops ((are)) grown in monoculture, under which conditions ((it)) becomes - incorrect

C. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become

D. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions ((it)) becomes- incorrect

E. ((has a requirement)) that large swathes of crops ((are)) grown in monoculture, under which conditions ((it)) becomes- incorrect.

IMO C.

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Re: Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are  [#permalink]

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24 May 2018, 03:54
Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become vulnerable to disease and premature death.

A. requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become

B. requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

C. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become

D. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

E. has a requirement that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes - changes the meaning
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Re: Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are  [#permalink]

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26 May 2018, 09:17
1
Bunuel wrote:
Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become vulnerable to disease and premature death.

A. requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become

B. requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

C. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become

D. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

E. has a requirement that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

This question has two major decision points: 1) word choice around the subjunctive mood and 2) pronoun agreement. Taking a look at the end of the underlined portion, you have a choice between “they” and “it” for our pronoun. Because the pronoun refers to the plural “crops,” the correct pronoun must be “they,” meaning that you can get rid of answer choices (B), (D), and (E).

The difference between (A) and (C) is that one requires that crops “be” grown, while the other requires that crops “are” grown. The GMAT is testing whether test takers are comfortable with using the subjunctive when discussing opinions, beliefs, purposes, or desires. The construction “require that” must always be followed by the infinitive form of the verb (in this case, “to be grown”) with the “to” removed. The correct answer is therefore (C).
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Re: Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2019, 01:55
Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become vulnerable to disease and premature death.

A. requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become

B. requires that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

C. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions they become

D. requires that large swathes of crops be grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

E. has a requirement that large swathes of crops are grown in monoculture, under which conditions it becomes

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

This question has two major decision points: 1) word choice around the subjunctive mood and 2) pronoun agreement. Taking a look at the end of the underlined portion, you have a choice between “they” and “it” for our pronoun. Because the pronoun refers to the plural “crops,” the correct pronoun must be “they,” meaning that you can get rid of answer choices (B), (D), and (E).

The difference between (A) and (C) is that one requires that crops “be” grown, while the other requires that crops “are” grown. The GMAT is testing whether test takers are comfortable with using the subjunctive when discussing opinions, beliefs, purposes, or desires. The construction “require that” must always be followed by the infinitive form of the verb (in this case, “to be grown”) with the “to” removed. The correct answer is therefore (C).

I think Veritas Prep did a small mistake, so I would not follow this advice 100%. When they say that the pronoun "they" refers to the plural "crops" it is a mistake. "They" is referring to "swathes". Since it follows "X of Y" and "X" takes to be the subject. If "swathes" were singluar and "crops" still plural then the pronoun must change to "it".
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Re: Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are  [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2019, 10:09
Can someone please explain that how "to be grown" is same as "be grown". ??
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Re: Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are  [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2019, 20:31
[quote="Rakeshtewatia"]Can someone please explain that how "to be grown" is same as "be grown". ??[/quote

Hi Rakesh,

This is command subjunctive mode whihc is the usual case "require that" usage.

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Re: Maximum commercial efficiency requires that large swathes of crops are   [#permalink] 20 Feb 2019, 20:31
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