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Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting busines

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Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting busines  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 22:15
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Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting businesses from city property taxes on any new retail, office, or manufacturing buildings built within the city. Critics of the law worry that the lost revenue from taxes will hurt the city, but it cannot be denied that the law has created more jobs for the residents of Honigsburg. After all, in the year that the law has been on the books businesses have broken ground on more than 20 new retail, office, and manufacturing buildings right here in Honigsburg.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the mayor’s argument?


A. Some of the people who will work in the new buildings will commute to Honigsburg from neighboring cities.

B. The plans and permits for the new buildings had all been filed before the law was passed.

C. Several of the businesses that are constructing new buildings plan to close their existing buildings after they are able to move.

D. The manufacturing buildings under construction will rely heavily on automation, employing fewer people than do the city’s current factories.

E. The Honigsburg city treasurer expects gross receipts from property taxes to be lower over the next five years than they had been the previous five years.

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Re: Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting busines  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 22:39
Bunuel wrote:
Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting businesses from city property taxes on any new retail, office, or manufacturing buildings built within the city. Critics of the law worry that the lost revenue from taxes will hurt the city, but it cannot be denied that the law has created more jobs for the residents of Honigsburg. After all, in the year that the law has been on the books businesses have broken ground on more than 20 new retail, office, and manufacturing buildings right here in Honigsburg.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the mayor’s argument?


A. Some of the people who will work in the new buildings will commute to Honigsburg from neighboring cities.

B. The plans and permits for the new buildings had all been filed before the law was passed.

C. Several of the businesses that are constructing new buildings plan to close their existing buildings after they are able to move.

D. The manufacturing buildings under construction will rely heavily on automation, employing fewer people than do the city’s current factories.

E. The Honigsburg city treasurer expects gross receipts from property taxes to be lower over the next five years than they had been the previous five years.



Question Type: Weaken

Premise 1 : The city passed a law exempting businesses of property taxes on any new building construction for retail, office or manufacturing facility. In the first year of the law, 20 new retail, office & manufacturing buildings have been constructed.

Conclusion: Even though critics pointed out the loss in revenue from taxes, the Mayor however concludes that the law has created more jobs for the residents of the city.

Analysis: A weakener should be able to attack the positive effect of the law that is passed either by showing a neutral effect or by showing a negative effect of the law. Since the mayor claims that it is the law which is going to create more jobs for the residents, hence a weakener should point out a flaw that it is not the law, but something else.


A. Some of the people who will work in the new buildings will commute to Honigsburg from neighboring cities. - This seems close, however the word "some", kills it, as it can be 2% of the people who will commute, but can there be no denying that because of the law, there are no new jobs for the residents. Hence, Incorrect

B. The plans and permits for the new buildings had all been filed before the law was passed. - Hence irrespective of the law, the new buildings were anyways going to be constructed. Therefore the law has nothing to do with the creation of new jobs. Exactly the effect as per the analysis. Correct

C. Several of the businesses that are constructing new buildings plan to close their existing buildings after they are able to move. - Has no effect on the conclusion. Incorrect

D. The manufacturing buildings under construction will rely heavily on automation, employing fewer people than do the city’s current factories. - The retail & office buildings may have generated a higher percentage of new jobs. Incorrect

E. The Honigsburg city treasurer expects gross receipts from property taxes to be lower over the next five years than they had been the previous five years. - Again doesn't affect the mayors conclusion. Incorrect


Answer B.


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Re: Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting busines  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 22:48
Bunuel wrote:
Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting businesses from city property taxes on any new retail, office, or manufacturing buildings built within the city. Critics of the law worry that the lost revenue from taxes will hurt the city, but it cannot be denied that the law has created more jobs for the residents of Honigsburg. After all, in the year that the law has been on the books businesses have broken ground on more than 20 new retail, office, and manufacturing buildings right here in Honigsburg.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the mayor’s argument?


A. Some of the people who will work in the new buildings will commute to Honigsburg from neighboring cities.

B. The plans and permits for the new buildings had all been filed before the law was passed.

C. Several of the businesses that are constructing new buildings plan to close their existing buildings after they are able to move.

D. The manufacturing buildings under construction will rely heavily on automation, employing fewer people than do the city’s current factories.

E. The Honigsburg city treasurer expects gross receipts from property taxes to be lower over the next five years than they had been the previous five years.



what does mayor argue about -
New law - exempts taxes on new businesses - results in revenue loss.
but more job opportunity. last one year record number of construction of sites started


WEAKEN the argument....

choices -

A. Some of the people who will work in the new buildings will commute to Honigsburg from neighboring cities.
Since it talks of only small fraction of jobs to outsiders, it does not weaken the argument

B. The plans and permits for the new buildings had all been filed before the law was passed.
YES... the mayor's argument that from the time law has passed, there has been a record number of excavation/construction begun for new businesses FALLS flat as most of these were planned before the law was enacted. so the law did not have any role in these breaking ground

C. Several of the businesses that are constructing new buildings plan to close their existing buildings after they are able to move.
No effect

D. The manufacturing buildings under construction will rely heavily on automation, employing fewer people than do the city’s current factories.
the number of people for jobs is inclusive of the jobs created after the business comes into play. Also the choice talks of only one type of business and that too only in teh construction stage. even then the new jobs are being created

E. The Honigsburg city treasurer expects gross receipts from property taxes to be lower over the next five years than they had been the previous five years.
out of context
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Re: Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting busines  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2018, 22:59
Question Type: Weaken

Mayor's argument: The law, which exempted businesses from paying property taxes, passed last year has helped businesses in the city.

A. Some of the people who will work in the new buildings will commute to Honigsburg from neighboring cities. - Irrelevant

B. The plans and permits for the new buildings had all been filed before the law was passed. - Correct. Suggests that the law had no effect on the businesses as they moved to the new buildings prior to the passage of the law.

C. Several of the businesses that are constructing new buildings plan to close their existing buildings after they are able to move. - Out of context. Doesn't affect the mayor's argument.

D. The manufacturing buildings under construction will rely heavily on automation, employing fewer people than do the city’s current factories. - Irrelevant.

E. The Honigsburg city treasurer expects gross receipts from property taxes to be lower over the next five years than they had been the previous five years. - The critics agree to this, but they also agree that the law has created jobs. Moreover, it doesn't derail the mayor's argument.

Answer: B
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Re: Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting busines  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2018, 04:59
Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting businesses from city property taxes on any new retail, office, or manufacturing buildings built within the city. Critics of the law worry that the lost revenue from taxes will hurt the city, but it cannot be denied that the law has created more jobs for the residents of Honigsburg. After all, in the year that the law has been on the books businesses have broken ground on more than 20 new retail, office, and manufacturing buildings right here in Honigsburg.

Type- Weaken
Boil it down -- Critics of the law worry that the lost revenue from taxes will hurt the city, but it cannot be denied that the law has created more jobs for the residents of Honigsburg

A. Some of the people who will work in the new buildings will commute to Honigsburg from neighboring cities. -- Incorrect -- Some can stand of minuscule number of people

B. The plans and permits for the new buildings had all been filed before the law was passed. -- Correct -- Effect occured before the Cause

C. Several of the businesses that are constructing new buildings plan to close their existing buildings after they are able to move.-- Irrelevant

D. The manufacturing buildings under construction will rely heavily on automation, employing fewer people than do the city’s current factories. -- Incorrect -- this strengthens

E. The Honigsburg city treasurer expects gross receipts from property taxes to be lower over the next five years than they had been the previous five years.-- Irrelevant

Answer B
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Re: Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting busines  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2018, 04:10
Bunuel wrote:
Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting businesses from city property taxes on any new retail, office, or manufacturing buildings built within the city. Critics of the law worry that the lost revenue from taxes will hurt the city, but it cannot be denied that the law has created more jobs for the residents of Honigsburg. After all, in the year that the law has been on the books businesses have broken ground on more than 20 new retail, office, and manufacturing buildings right here in Honigsburg.

Which of the following, if true, best weakens the mayor’s argument?


A. Some of the people who will work in the new buildings will commute to Honigsburg from neighboring cities.

B. The plans and permits for the new buildings had all been filed before the law was passed.

C. Several of the businesses that are constructing new buildings plan to close their existing buildings after they are able to move.

D. The manufacturing buildings under construction will rely heavily on automation, employing fewer people than do the city’s current factories.

E. The Honigsburg city treasurer expects gross receipts from property taxes to be lower over the next five years than they had been the previous five years.



VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



In any Weaken problem, your goals should be to:

1) Isolate the conclusion and understand its specifics.

Remember, the conclusion must have a reason "why" somewhere else in the paragraph, and here the only statement that the paragraph tries to explain is "it cannot be denied that the law has created more jobs for the residents of Honigsburg." (Why? Because there are new building being built after the law went into effect)

2) Think about the gap between the premises and conclusion.

Here you know that a law was passed that would make it attractive for businesses to build new buildings in the city, and the conclusion is that the law has created more jobs and that those jobs are for the residents of Honigsburg. So some important gaps exist:

-Will anyone ever work in those buildings? If so, will those jobs be "new" jobs or just the same jobs moved to new buildings?

-If yes, will those jobs be filled by people from Honigsburg, or exclusively byout of towners?

-And did the law really encourage the extra building, or would the building have happened regardless? (Note: whenever a politician is taking credit for something in a Critical Reasoning question, it's a good idea to think about correlation vs. causation so that the politician doesn't get credit for something that would have happened anyway)

As you assess the answer choices:

(A) hits one of the gaps above (will the jobs be filled by Honigsburgians), but note that the "some" to preface doesn't rule out the idea that many people from Honigsburg could be getting jobs. This means that the buildings will still likely result in a net gain of jobs for Honigsburgians, so A does not necessarily weaken the argument.

(B) hits the correlation vs. causation point perfectly, and is correct. If all of the buildings had been planned and permitted before the law, then the law isn't responsible for anything that has transpired since. This directly weakens the mayor's argument.

(C) is similar to (A) in that it does seem to address a gap (will there be new jobs, or do these buildings just replace existing buildings?) but "several" allows for plenty of new jobs to be created.

(D), too, leaves room for incremental job growth. Even if the new manufacturing are heavily reliant on automation, that isn't the same as saying they're "robot-only" (so someone can still work on them) and that allows for the retail and office buildings to still employ people from Honigsburg.

And (E) is irrelevant to the exact conclusion, which is only that the law will create jobs for people in Honigsburg. (E) might show that, even still, it was a bad idea, but it does not directly weaken the given conclusion.
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Re: Mayor: Last year the city of Honigsburg passed a law exempting busines &nbs [#permalink] 29 Jun 2018, 04:10
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