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# Museum Manager: Total museum membership is up 20 percent since last ye

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VP
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 1020
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
Schools: ISB '18 (D)
GPA: 3.97
WE: Project Management (Investment Banking)
Museum Manager: Total museum membership is up 20 percent since last ye  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2019, 20:55
1
3
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (01:53) correct 38% (01:55) wrong based on 104 sessions

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Museum Manager: Total museum membership is up 20 percent since last year, and donations to the museum have held steady. Therefore, I believe that the museum will bring in more money this year than last year.

Board Member: Your analysis is flawed. Purchases made at the museum gift shop bring in twice as much money as do membership fees, and you have not disclosed gift shop receipts.

Which of the following statements, if true, would support the Board Member’s criticism?

a) Museum members account for only a small portion of the gift shop’s sales.
b) The museum manager would have shared information about gift shop sales if there had been any significant change.
c) Board members are responsible for financial oversight of the museum.
d) The board member served on the committee that chose the manager and usually supports her.
e) This year's gift shop receipts are in the process of being audited for accuracy.

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VP
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 1020
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
Schools: ISB '18 (D)
GPA: 3.97
WE: Project Management (Investment Banking)
Re: Museum Manager: Total museum membership is up 20 percent since last ye  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2019, 05:58
Kaplan official explanation

Identify the Question Type:

The question stem asks us to support something in the stimulus, so we know this is a Strengthen question. We must also note that we are looking to strengthen the board member’s criticism, not the museum manager’s argument.

Untangle the Stimulus:

The word "therefore" signals the museum manager’s conclusion: the museum will bring in more money this year than last. She makes this conclusion based on the evidence that membership has increased and donations have not decreased. In opposition to the museum manager, the board member explains that the gift shop makes more money than membership does, and that therefore the museum manager’s analysis is wrong.

The board member and the museum manager talk about different things: gift shop sales and museum membership, respectively. Therefore, in order for the board member’s argument to work, he must assume that these two things are unrelated. If more members means more gift shop sales, then the museum manager’s analysis isn’t so flawed after all.

To strengthen the board member’s argument, we predict that the correct choice will show that the gift shop and museum membership are in fact independent of each other.

Evaluate the Choices:

Choice (A) matches our prediction exactly and is correct. If museum members don’t buy much from the gift shop, then having more of them wouldn’t do much to boost gift shop sales.

Choice (B) is a 180. It indicates that gift shop sales haven’t changed, which supports the museum manager’s analysis, not the board member’s analysis.

Choice (C) is irrelevant. Who is responsible for museum profits has no bearing on the argument.

Choice (D) is irrelevant as well. The past history of the debaters is of no importance to the argument.

Choice (E) doesn’t support the board member’s criticism. Instead, it gives the museum manager an excuse for failing to provide evidence.

Only Choice (A) strengthens the board member’s argument by undermining increased membership as a reasonable basis for a prediction of increased profits.

Choice (A) is the correct answer.

TAKEAWAY: In Strengthen and Weaken questions, watch for which part of an argument (or as in this case, whose argument) you are asked to strengthen or weaken. Trap answers such as (B) in this question are not uncommon.
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Re: Museum Manager: Total museum membership is up 20 percent since last ye   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2019, 05:58