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Recent research has indicated that married people are not

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Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2010
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2012, 16:51
D comes out as the best choice..
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2012, 07:07
raviram80 wrote:
I want to learn the negation technique here could you pls let me know
Thanks

Posted from GMAT ToolKit

Single people with depression or health problems are not just as likely to get married as are other single people.
Upon negation Conclusion falls
If only happy single people get married then we cant say being married is good for health & attitude.But if Depressed single people as likely to get married as single happy people we can conclude that being married is good for health & attitude.
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2012, 07:16
Unwaveringly D. Broken down, D says that marriage is not undertaken only by healthy and non-depressed people but that sad and sickly souls are as likely to get hitched as their jolly contemporaries. Therefore marriage is not dominated by already pre-marriage happy people, but rather it is the institution of marriage which bestows healthy and cheery dispositions to those who enter it. This assumption effectively rules out a consideration that opposes the argument that marriage brings happiness and health.

Cheers.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2012, 09:29
bsd_lover wrote:
OE:
Research indicates that there is a connection between being married and being happy and healthy. Media commentators have concluded that marriage causes happiness and health. However, one could reasonably conclude from the research that the cause and effect are the reverse: being happy and healthy makes a person more likely to get married.

(A) The research compared married people to unmarried people. Neither the researchers nor the media commentators made any distinction between newlyweds and those who had been married a long time, so this assumption is not necessary.

(B) The type of wedding is outside the scope of this argument. The research compared married people to unmarried people, but made no distinction based upon the type of wedding. Thus, this assumption is unnecessary.

(C) At first, this statement may seem necessary—after all, if the commentators conclude that marriage causes happiness, a lack of depression in married people would certainly support that conclusion. However, the statement is too extreme. One depressed married person does not invalidate the research indicating that, on average, married people are healthier and happier than non-married people.

(D) CORRECT. This statement eliminates the alternative interpretation of the research findings—that being happy and healthy makes a person more likely to get married.

(E) The research compared married people to unmarried people. Neither the researchers nor the media commentators made any distinction between harmonious marriages and combative marriages, so this assumption is not necessary.

But per Power Score's Assumption negation technique, Option C hold so true.
Per rule, we remove a "not" in the sentence. Then option C becomes,
"Married people can get depressed. "

Which actually hurts the argument and must therefore be the right answer.
Isn't the answer choices are ambiguous here?
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2014, 18:40
atey2010 wrote:
My approach to CR question is first to determine the flaw in the argument (if the stimulus is an argument as oppose to statement of fact). Especially with an assumption question, the argument is most likely to be flaw. For instance, in this question, the flaw is correlation an causation. The commentator claims that just because there is a correlation between marriage and happiness + health benefits, you can conclude that marriage is good for your health and mental attitude.

As for me, I was down between C and D as well.

Answer choice D is correct because address this flaw in a very sneaky way. Choice D address this correlation and causation issue by eliminating the possibility that depression and health issue is actually causing people to NOT get married by saying that
" Single people with depression or health problems are just as likely to get married as are other single people."

If we negate answer choice D, then we'll see that the conclusion above does not hold. If we negate choice D, we'll get "Single people with depression or health problems are NOT AS LIKELY to get married as are other single people." This show that there are actually a reverse correlation between marriage and depression.

Answer choice C: is incorrect because as stated earlier, if we negate C. The conclusion still holds. This example might help for those of us who still think C is correct. What if I say that running 10 mile is a good for your cardio and fat loss, and some body (answer choice C) argues that runners cannot get fat, would this weakened my argument above. This is very similar to answer C on the question, just because you get married that doesn't mean that you will never be depressed. You might be happily marry for en year and then one day you found out that your husband or wife had an affair with your best friend. Furthermore, both of your parents are suffering from brain tumor. Any reasonable person would be depressed.

hi..

thanks for the OE..but i think the options here need to be reframed. In the question it mentions about Married men and Unmarried men. Option D says about Single men. Single men and Unmarried men cannot be always the same. So option D can also be striked out because of using something out of the context of the question. Please correct me if i am wrong!
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Re: CR - Marital bliss [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2014, 08:12
But per Power Score's Assumption negation technique, Option C hold so true.
Per rule, we remove a "not" in the sentence. Then option C becomes,
"Married people can get depressed. "

Which actually hurts the argument and must therefore be the right answer.
Isn't the answer choices are ambiguous here?[/quote]

As per the negation technique "married men can get depressed"... this somewhat weakens the argument but does not make it fall apart altogether. Even if some of the married men get depressed it might be due many factors some of which might not be related to the married life... maybe due to illness or something...
Its is like someone in the post above said that if running helps in cardio and weight loss.... that does not leads to further comment that people who run cannot get fat... same line of reasoning goes in this also.
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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31 May 2015, 08:05
D
conclusion - that being married is good for one’s health and attitude
Premise - results from the research
Assumption - Its not that only happy people marry and sad ones are single
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2015, 06:47
D it is.

Answer became evident right after the reading the rest of the options.
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2015, 03:52
gmat cr makes it hard to realize evidence and conclusion and make us fail.

if we can simplify the argument, can realize the evidence and conclusion clearly, the task of criticizing would be more simple and we can win.

in this problem, evidence is covered

suppose

media commentators see that maried persons are more happy than unmarried persons and conclude that marriage makes persons happy.

if argument is writen this way, all of us will win this question.

reading ability, therefore, is important to persons, especially for non natives.
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2016, 22:04
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2017, 19:30
In causal relationship questions, make note of cause and effect using arrow diagram.
And for assumption type of cause and effect questions like this, we need to show that effect cant be the cause(ofcourse other assumptions could also be there like alternate cause not possible)
3. Here, marriage->(leads to)good health, so assumption is: good health doesn't leads to marriage=> a depressed person is as likely to get married as any other person.

On negation: If we say a depressed person is not as likely to get married as any other person. This means, non depressed person is more likely=> happy people(effect) are inclined towards marriage(cause), hence argument is destroyed.

So, ans is D
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2017, 12:12
The conclusion of the media commentators depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) The longer people are married, the happier and healthier they become.
may not be true as its not specified in the argument.
(B) Married couples who had a large, extravagant wedding are happier than those who had a small, simple
no such comaparison presented in the argument.
(C) Married people cannot get depressed.
the statement is bold and does not have any premise backing the claim,
(D) Single people with depression or health problems are just as likely to get married as are other single people.
This choice suggest that not only the healthy and happy people get married but depressed and unhealth people also get married.
This choice actually canceles out the posibility to attack the argument that would be that only happy and healthy people get married so marrige is not responsible for the prosperity in one's life.but this choice clears that option and thus the correct assumption
(E) Some marriages are more harmonious than others.
no such comparison seen in the argument and also this may be correct but not required for the current structure of the argument.
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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2017, 09:32
Conclusion: MARRIAGE causes GOOD HEALTH.

The assumption is WHAT MUST BE TRUE for this conclusion to be valid.
Apply the NEGATION TEST.
When the correct answer choice is negated, the conclusion will be invalidated. Choice D, negated:
Single people with health problems are LESS LIKELY TO GET MARRIED than are other single people.
Implication:
ONLY HEALTHY PEOPLE are likely to get married.
The negation of D invalidates the conclusion: if most married people were healthy BEFORE they got married, the argument cannot conclude that marriage causes good health.
Since the negation of D invalidates the conclusion, D is the correct ASSUMPTION: what must be true for the conclusion to be valid.

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Re: Recent research has indicated that married people are not   [#permalink] 12 Apr 2017, 09:32

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