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# Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space

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Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2018, 12:19
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

65% (02:08) correct 35% (02:05) wrong based on 257 sessions

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Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space science is reprehensible. In the past five years the current administration has spent less than 2.5 billion dollars on promising missions to explore the outer planets and understand the fundamental properties of our universe and the origins of life.

Politician: Your claims are erroneous and absurd. The current administration has allocated over 4 billion dollars for exactly the sort of scientific space missions you claim we do not support!

The apparent contradiction in the claims of the space enthusiast and the politician could best be resolved if which of the following was true?

A- Many space missions require billions of dollars and, often, decades of development and flight before returning any useful scientific data.

B- Politicians often select space missions for funding based not on the mission's potential scientific return but rather on an assessment of the mission's appeal to the public sense of imagination and adventure.

C- Without government funding, projects as complex as space missions to explore the outer planets are unlikely to ever come to fruition.

D- Often the budgetary allocations assigned to one agency or project are instead called upon to fund emergency needs of a different agency or project.

E- Many politicians support space exploration very strongly, albeit sometimes for selfish reasons ranging from creating jobs in their voting districts to seeking exciting ways of inspiring the public

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Re: Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2018, 14:45
B imo...

As the space enthusiast says on promising missions to explore...

And politician says for exactly the sort of scientific space missions.. so B imo.

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Re: Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2018, 02:53
IMO C.... I would not go with B because in the argument claims regarding returns on the mission etc is not mentioned. Thus, discussing on that or stating that is irrelevant.

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Re: Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2018, 04:30
3
rohan2345 wrote:
Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space science is reprehensible. In the past five years the current administration has spent less than 2.5 billion dollars on promising missions to explore the outer planets and understand the fundamental properties of our universe and the origins of life.

Politician: Your claims are erroneous and absurd. The current administration has allocated over 4 billion dollars for exactly the sort of scientific space missions you claim we do not support!

The apparent contradiction in the claims of the space enthusiast and the politician could best be resolved if which of the following was true?

A- Many space missions require billions of dollars and, often, decades of development and flight before returning any useful scientific data.

B- Politicians often select space missions for funding based not on the mission's potential scientific return but rather on an assessment of the mission's appeal to the public sense of imagination and adventure.

C- Without government funding, projects as complex as space missions to explore the outer planets are unlikely to ever come to fruition.

D- Often the budgetary allocations assigned to one agency or project are instead called upon to fund emergency needs of a different agency or project.

E- Many politicians support space exploration very strongly, albeit sometimes for selfish reasons ranging from creating jobs in their voting districts to seeking exciting ways of inspiring the public

I think the answer is D, as it explains why ultimately only 2.5 billion dollars are used in the projects described despite the fact that 4 billion dollars are initially allocated for the same. It thus resolves the contradiction between the politician and the enthusiast, without showing any of the two to be wrong.
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Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2018, 10:45
3
abhigulia3006 wrote:
rohan2345 wrote:
Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space science is reprehensible. In the past five years the current administration has spent less than 2.5 billion dollars on promising missions to explore the outer planets and understand the fundamental properties of our universe and the origins of life.

Politician: Your claims are erroneous and absurd. The current administration has allocated over 4 billion dollars for exactly the sort of scientific space missions you claim we do not support!

The apparent contradiction in the claims of the space enthusiast and the politician could best be resolved if which of the following was true?

A- Many space missions require billions of dollars and, often, decades of development and flight before returning any useful scientific data.

B- Politicians often select space missions for funding based not on the mission's potential scientific return but rather on an assessment of the mission's appeal to the public sense of imagination and adventure.

C- Without government funding, projects as complex as space missions to explore the outer planets are unlikely to ever come to fruition.

D- Often the budgetary allocations assigned to one agency or project are instead called upon to fund emergency needs of a different agency or project.

E- Many politicians support space exploration very strongly, albeit sometimes for selfish reasons ranging from creating jobs in their voting districts to seeking exciting ways of inspiring the public

I think the answer is D, as it explains why ultimately only 2.5 billion dollars are used in the projects described despite the fact that 4 billion dollars are initially allocated for the same. It thus resolves the contradiction between the politician and the enthusiast, without showing any of the two to be wrong.

I agree with your explanation, but I want to extend it a bit. If we imagine the case on a timeline it could look like this:

2013: The politician allocates 4 billion dollars for space projext X, which is predicted to be highly successful.
2015: There is an emergency for project Y. Let's say a spaceship has to be repaired for the cost of 1.5 billion dollars. However, the poltician doesn't receive any feedback about the emergency based reallocation of a part of the funds. Thus, only 2.5 billion dollars can be spend on project X, but the politician isn't aware of this new situation.
2018: The space enthusiast claims that only 2.5 billion dollars were spent on the highly promising project X.

In conclusion, both the politician and the space enthuasiast are correct as choice D) states.

Hope that helps

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Re: Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2018, 20:11
1
rohan2345 wrote:
Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space science is reprehensible. In the past five years the current administration has spent less than 2.5 billion dollars on promising missions to explore the outer planets and understand the fundamental properties of our universe and the origins of life.

Politician: Your claims are erroneous and absurd. The current administration has allocated over 4 billion dollars for exactly the sort of scientific space missions you claim we do not support!

The apparent contradiction in the claims of the space enthusiast and the politician could best be resolved if which of the following was true?

A- Many space missions require billions of dollars and, often, decades of development and flight before returning any useful scientific data.

B- Politicians often select space missions for funding based not on the mission's potential scientific return but rather on an assessment of the mission's appeal to the public sense of imagination and adventure.

C- Without government funding, projects as complex as space missions to explore the outer planets are unlikely to ever come to fruition.

D- Often the budgetary allocations assigned to one agency or project are instead called upon to fund emergency needs of a different agency or project.

E- Many politicians support space exploration very strongly, albeit sometimes for selfish reasons ranging from creating jobs in their voting districts to seeking exciting ways of inspiring the public

Very good question. Initially I was caught up between options B and E thinking if politics do anything out of selfish reasons or merely to attract common people that will turn out to be useless or wastage. This reasoning is purely due to my personal bias. However that may not be the case even if B and E are true there is still a chance that these missions will end up well funded and successful . That was a realisation I had at 1min 15 sec . Then I quickly looked at other options of which D seems to fit the bill. Where D means there still is funding allocated however the money was diverted at a later stage.

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Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2018, 01:46
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Here is the official explanation for this question.

This prompt involves the sort of shift in language that is common among Explain questions. The space enthusiast speaks of how much has been spent on space and the politician of how much has been allocated. This small change in words is key to understanding this question, and the correct answer, choice D provides a link between these two terms and a reason why all of the 4 billion dollars in allocated funding may not make it to the launch pad. The remaining answer choices are out of scope.

Hope this helps. All the best!
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Re: Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space  [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2019, 02:57
Seems in general to be a poorly written question.

'promising' is ambiguous and I feel that ambiguity very much supports A.
"The apparent contradiction in the claims of the space enthusiast and the politician could best be resolved if which of the following was true?". Subjunctive mood should be 'were', no? Clearly not essential to the question, but I think it shows the loose way with words
Re: Space Enthusiast: The fact that the government has ignored space   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2019, 02:57
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