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The claim that there is a large number of violent crimes in our

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The claim that there is a large number of violent crimes in our  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2019, 08:32
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:46) correct 38% (01:58) wrong based on 128 sessions

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The claim that there is a large number of violent crimes in our society is false, for this claim is based upon the large number of stories in newspapers about violent crimes. But since violent crimes are very rare occurrences, newspapers are likely to print stories about them.

The argument above is flawed because it

A. assumes without warrant that the newspaper stories in question are not biased
B. presupposes that most newspaper stories are about violet crimes
C. presupposes the truth of the conclusion it is attempting to establish
D. mistakes a property of each member of a group taken as an individual for a property of a group taken as a whole
E. uncritically draws an inference from what has been true in the past to what will be true in the future
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Re: The claim that there is a large number of violent crimes in our  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2019, 01:35
I think on answer C it appears to take the conclusion of the argument as true as to make a statement about crime rate. Any thoughts...
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The claim that there is a large number of violent crimes in our  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2019, 01:53
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iamsiddharthkapoor wrote:
The claim that there is a large number of violent crimes in our society is false, for this claim is based upon the large number of stories in newspapers about violent crimes. But since violent crimes are very rare occurrences, newspapers are likely to print stories about them.

The argument above is flawed because it



A. assumes without warrant that the newspaper stories in question are not biased



B. presupposes that most newspaper stories are about violet crimes



C. presupposes the truth of the conclusion it is attempting to establish



D. mistakes a property of each member of a group taken as an individual for a property of a group taken as a whole



E. uncritically draws an inference from what has been true in the past to what will be true in the future



Clearly the argument is flawed because the author here has not given any reason to make the reader believe in his point. The author has simply put forward his point and tries to refute a claim just because he has a different opinion. The author's argument does not provide any reasoning to strengthen his claim.

A====> THIS ANSWER CHOICE IS IRRELEVANT
B====> FOCUSES ON THE NUMBER OF NEWSPAPER STORIES
C====> CORRECT ANSWER CHOICE. The author in this argument tries to establish that the number of violent crimes in our society is not high. The author in order to establish this simply puts forward his presupposed conclusion and does not give any reason to increase our belief in his point.
D====>OUT OF CONTEXT
E====>OUT OF CONTEXT. NOTHING RELATED TO THE PAST HAS BEEN DISCUSSED HERE
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The claim that there is a large number of violent crimes in our   [#permalink] 03 Mar 2019, 01:53
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