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# The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the

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Joined: 04 Jun 2017
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Concentration: Real Estate, Finance
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2018, 00:26
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74% (01:15) correct 26% (01:30) wrong based on 218 sessions

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The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the city – a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a natural result of poverty.

A: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a natural result of poverty.

B: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate, resulting not just naturally from poverty.

C: reminders that epidemics do not discriminate and not resulting naturally from poverty.

D: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and not resulting naturally from poverty.

E: reminders that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a result of natural poverty.
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Re: The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the  [#permalink]

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13 May 2018, 22:02
1
NonS wrote:
The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the city – a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a natural result of poverty.

A: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a natural result of poverty.

B: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate, resulting not just naturally from poverty.

C: reminders that epidemics do not discriminate and not resulting naturally from poverty.

D: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and not resulting naturally from poverty.

E: reminders that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a result of natural poverty.

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

The most obvious decision point to start with in this question is between the singular “a reminder” and the plural “reminders.” The question you should ask yourself as you choose between them is what the word refers to – is it the people themselves or the fact they came from various social classes? A look at the rest of the sentence shows that the logical answer is that the word refers to the fact that the people came from various areas, not the people themselves, meaning that you need an answer with the singular “a reminder.” Based on this, you can eliminate (C) and (E).

The second decision point you can look to is one of parallelism. Because you have a list of two items that the word “epidemics” acts upon, you need to have the words that logically follow epidemics to be in the same form. In this case, this means that you need “epidemics do” (a noun followed by a verb) to match with “epidemics are” (a noun followed by a verb) in choice (A). Since (B) and (D) do not follow this construction, they can be eliminated. Choice (A) is correct.
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Re: The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2019, 22:25
1
NonS wrote:
The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the city – a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a natural result of poverty.

A: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a natural result of poverty.

B: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate, resulting not just naturally from poverty.

C: reminders that epidemics do not discriminate and not resulting naturally from poverty.

D: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and not resulting naturally from poverty.

E: reminders that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a result of natural poverty.

Out of all the options the only parallel one is A

B: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate, resulting not just naturally from poverty.
discrimination is not resulting from poverty, its because of the infected people.

C: reminders that epidemics do not discriminate and not resulting naturally from poverty.
Singular verb reminders -Eliminate

D: a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate and not resulting naturally from poverty.
conjunction is not at all ||.

E: reminders that epidemics do not discriminate and are not just a result of natural poverty.
Singular verb reminders -Eliminate
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Quote which i can relate to.
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Re: The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2019, 10:02
Hi AjiteshArun Could you please help with this question ? what is wrong with option B ?

Resulting refers to Epidemics. Explaining how epidemics don't discriminate. Please help me with the reasoning
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Re: The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2019, 11:11
3
Manas1212 wrote:
Hi AjiteshArun Could you please help with this question ? what is wrong with option B ?

Resulting refers to Epidemics. Explaining how epidemics don't discriminate. Please help me with the reasoning

When Verb-ing + comma is used, it shows the result of the previous action/thought. This means it modifies both the subject and verb of the previous clause.

If you are confused, just put the modifier first and then place the clause.

Resulting not just naturally from poverty, a reminder that epidemics do not discriminate.

This does not make any sense. This is the reason B is wrong.

A correct modifier will make sense even if you reverse its order with the main clause it modifies.

Walking down the lane, he smokes.

He smokes, walking down the lane.

Waiting for Ajitesh's response.
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Re: The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2019, 21:10
2
AkshdeepS wrote:
When Verb-ing + comma is used, it shows the result of the previous action/thought. This means it modifies both the subject and verb of the previous clause.

If you are confused, just put the modifier first and then place the clause.
That's correct to a large extent, and that's how you'll see the ", -ing" structure used on many GMAT questions. However, there are other ways to use participles, so you won't always be able to just switch the position of the participle to check whether you're looking at the correct option. For example:

1a. The aid agency said that the price of rice had shot up substantially in February, resulting in riots and panic buying across the city.

The idea expressed in by the -ing is linked not to what the aid agency said, but to the fact that the price of rice had shot up. The following sentence, therefore, won't work:

1b. Resulting in riots and panic buying across the city, the aid agency said that the price of rice had shot up substantially in February.

Manas1212 wrote:
Hi AjiteshArun Could you please help with this question ? what is wrong with option B ?

Resulting refers to Epidemics. Explaining how epidemics don't discriminate. Please help me with the reasoning
We can take a meaning call here, that the placement of just is incorrect.

2a. Epidemics do not discriminate, resulting not just naturally from poverty.
vs.
2b. Epidemics do not discriminate, not resulting naturally just from poverty.

In 2a the word just seems to modify naturally. So when we say not just naturally, we're effectively saying that there are other ways (apart from "naturally") that poverty leads to epidemics.
In 2b, just from poverty is better from a meaning perspective, although the meaning that option A gives us with not just a natural result of poverty is even better.
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Re: The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2019, 21:19
1
AjiteshArun Thank you.. That was very helpful
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Re: The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2019, 21:48
1
AjiteshArun wrote:
AkshdeepS wrote:
When Verb-ing + comma is used, it shows the result of the previous action/thought. This means it modifies both the subject and verb of the previous clause.

If you are confused, just put the modifier first and then place the clause.
That's correct to a large extent, and that's how you'll see the ", -ing" structure used on many GMAT questions. However, there are other ways to use participles, so you won't always be able to just switch the position of the participle to check whether you're looking at the correct option. For example:

1a. The aid agency said that the price of rice had shot up substantially in February, resulting in riots and panic buying across the city.

The idea expressed in by the -ing is linked not to what the aid agency said, but to the fact that the price of rice had shot up. The following sentence, therefore, won't work:

1b. Resulting in riots and panic buying across the city, the aid agency said that the price of rice had shot up substantially in February.

Manas1212 wrote:
Hi AjiteshArun Could you please help with this question ? what is wrong with option B ?

Resulting refers to Epidemics. Explaining how epidemics don't discriminate. Please help me with the reasoning
We can take a meaning call here, that the placement of just is incorrect.

2a. Epidemics do not discriminate, resulting not just naturally from poverty.
vs.
2b. Epidemics do not discriminate, not resulting naturally just from poverty.

In 2a the word just seems to modify naturally. So when we say not just naturally, we're effectively saying that there are other ways (apart from "naturally") that poverty leads to epidemics.
In 2b, just from poverty is better from a meaning perspective, although the meaning that option A gives us with not just a natural result of poverty is even better.

Thanks Ajitesh. This will go straight into my learnings.
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Re: The infected people came from various social classes and parts of the   [#permalink] 24 Mar 2019, 21:48
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