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The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also k

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The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also k [#permalink]

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The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also known as Madiba or Tata (Father), faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come out of prison.

A) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come

B) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after coming

C) who faced several charges during his fight against the government, having spent 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come

D) faced several charges during his fight against the government while spending 27 years in prison and was elected the President ofSouth Africa in 1994, only four years after he came

E) who faced several charges during his fight against the government and spent 27 years in prison, being elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he came
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by broall on 05 Dec 2017, 02:45, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question

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Re: The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also k [#permalink]

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The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also known as Madiba or Tata (Father), faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come out of prison.

A) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - run on sentence.A conjunction is needed

B) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after coming - correct. The phrase "spending 27..." correctly acts as modifier, stating the consequence of 'faced several charges during his fight against the government'.

C) who faced several charges during his fight against the government, having spent 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - 'who' made the sentence fragmented.

D) faced several charges during his fight against the government while spending 27 years in prison and was elected the President ofSouth Africa in 1994, only four years after he came -
'while' spending... suggests that Mandela fought against the government while he was in prison- illogical. https://gmatclub.com/forum/use-of-while-136086.html may help on correct usage of while.

E) who faced several charges during his fight against the government and spent 27 years in prison, being elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he came - again a fragment
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Re: The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also k [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 03:35
TaN1213 wrote:
The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also known as Madiba or Tata (Father), faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come out of prison.

A) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - run on sentence.A conjunction is needed

B) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after coming - correct. The phrase "spending 27..." correctly acts as modifier, stating the consequence of 'faced several charges during his fight against the government'.

C) who faced several charges during his fight against the government, having spent 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - 'who' made the sentence fragmented.

D) faced several charges during his fight against the government while spending 27 years in prison and was elected the President ofSouth Africa in 1994, only four years after he came -
'while' spending... suggests that Mandela fought against the government while he was in prison- illogical. https://gmatclub.com/forum/use-of-while-136086.html may help on correct usage of while.

E) who faced several charges during his fight against the government and spent 27 years in prison, being elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he came - again a fragment


I do not find anything wrong with option A, and Option A is better than B.

Source of this question?

Waiting for a better explanation.

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The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also k [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 03:56
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Kchaudhary wrote:
TaN1213 wrote:
The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also known as Madiba or Tata (Father), faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come out of prison.

A) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - run on sentence.A conjunction is needed

B) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after coming - correct. The phrase "spending 27..." correctly acts as modifier, stating the consequence of 'faced several charges during his fight against the government'.

C) who faced several charges during his fight against the government, having spent 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - 'who' made the sentence fragmented.

D) faced several charges during his fight against the government while spending 27 years in prison and was elected the President ofSouth Africa in 1994, only four years after he came -
'while' spending... suggests that Mandela fought against the government while he was in prison- illogical. https://gmatclub.com/forum/use-of-while-136086.html may help on correct usage of while.

E) who faced several charges during his fight against the government and spent 27 years in prison, being elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he came - again a fragment


I do not find anything wrong with option A, and Option A is better than B.

Source of this question?

Waiting for a better explanation.

A.The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also known as Madiba or Tata (Father), faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come out of prison.

Structure of A is " Subject ...verb1,verb2. The correct structure should have had a conjunction (and) listing the two items(two verbs)
Example: Superman, also known as Clark, fought the evil, was awarded by the government. .... incorrect
Correct form: Superman, also known as Clark, fought the evil and was awarded by the government.

Hope your doubt is clear now.
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"Trust the timing of your life"
Hit Kudus if this has helped you get closer to your goal, and also to assist others save time. Tq :)

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Re: The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also k [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 04:19
TaN1213 wrote:
Kchaudhary wrote:
TaN1213 wrote:
The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also known as Madiba or Tata (Father), faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come out of prison.

A) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - run on sentence.A conjunction is needed

B) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after coming - correct. The phrase "spending 27..." correctly acts as modifier, stating the consequence of 'faced several charges during his fight against the government'.

C) who faced several charges during his fight against the government, having spent 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - 'who' made the sentence fragmented.

D) faced several charges during his fight against the government while spending 27 years in prison and was elected the President ofSouth Africa in 1994, only four years after he came -
'while' spending... suggests that Mandela fought against the government while he was in prison- illogical. https://gmatclub.com/forum/use-of-while-136086.html may help on correct usage of while.

E) who faced several charges during his fight against the government and spent 27 years in prison, being elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he came - again a fragment


I do not find anything wrong with option A, and Option A is better than B.

Source of this question?

Waiting for a better explanation.

A.The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also known as Madiba or Tata (Father), faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come out of prison.

Structure of A is " Subject ...verb1,verb2. The correct structure should have had a conjunction (and) listing the two items(two verbs)
Example: Superman, also known as Clark, fought the evil, was awarded by the government. .... incorrect
Correct form: Superman, also known as Clark, fought the evil and was awarded by the government.

Hope your doubt is clear now.


Hi Tan1213,

,faced several charges......, can’t be a verb-ed modifier?

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 43

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The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also k [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 04:49
Kchaudhary wrote:
TaN1213 wrote:
A.The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also known as Madiba or Tata (Father), faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come out of prison.

Structure of A is " Subject ...verb1,verb2. The correct structure should have had a conjunction (and) listing the two items(two verbs)
Example: Superman, also known as Clark, fought the evil, was awarded by the government. .... incorrect
Correct form: Superman, also known as Clark, fought the evil and was awarded by the government.

Hope your doubt is clear now.


Hi Tan1213,

,faced several charges......, can’t be a verb-ed modifier?


"If the subject of the sentence is the "doer" of the action presented by verb-ed form, then verb-ed form is the verb of the sentence and not the modifier."
A verb-ed modifier does the job of providing additional information about the subject.Here 'faced' is the verb. Though the idea of verb-ed modifier is incorrect here and you still assume it to be correct, the verb-ing modifier placed next to it would then be modifying the verb-ed modifier-two modifiers in continuation is again incorrect, and awkward and wordy.

This concept is well explained by egmat at
https://gmatclub.com/forum/ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html
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Re: The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also k [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 06:19
Kchaudhary wrote:
TaN1213 wrote:
The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also known as Madiba or Tata (Father), faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come out of prison.

A) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - run on sentence.A conjunction is needed

B) faced several charges during his fight against the government, spending 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after coming - correct. The phrase "spending 27..." correctly acts as modifier, stating the consequence of 'faced several charges during his fight against the government'.

C) who faced several charges during his fight against the government, having spent 27 years in prison, and was elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he had come - 'who' made the sentence fragmented.

D) faced several charges during his fight against the government while spending 27 years in prison and was elected the President ofSouth Africa in 1994, only four years after he came -
'while' spending... suggests that Mandela fought against the government while he was in prison- illogical. https://gmatclub.com/forum/use-of-while-136086.html may help on correct usage of while.

E) who faced several charges during his fight against the government and spent 27 years in prison, being elected the President of South Africa in 1994, only four years after he came - again a fragment


I do not find anything wrong with option A, and Option A is better than B.

Source of this question?

Waiting for a better explanation.


There are two main verbs in the sentence, "faced" and "was elected".
These two verbs must be separated by a conjunction - eliminating the modifiers the sentence is:
Nelson mandela faced and was elected. (this is the core structure of option B)
Without "and", the sentence would be:
Nelson mandela faced, was elected.... wrong (this is the core structure of option A).

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Re: The South-African anti-apartheid revolutionary, Nelson Mandela, also k   [#permalink] 05 Dec 2017, 06:19
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