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# The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill

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SVP
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
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The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2017, 23:26
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:27) correct 48% (01:22) wrong based on 386 sessions

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The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 billion, which is 17 percent more than the previous year and more than 10 times the U.S.-China trade deficit in 1998.

A. which is 17 percent more than the previous year
B. which is 17 percent higher than it was the previous year
C. 17 percent higher than the previous year's figure was
D. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year was
E. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year's figure
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Re: The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2017, 04:01
Higher is not making sense to me. I think it should be more than and then between A D n E, I choose E.

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Re: The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill  [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2017, 10:54
The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 billion, which is 17 percent more than the previous year and more than 10 times the U.S.-China trade deficit in 1998.

A. ○ which is 17 percent more than the previous year -incorrect comparison
B. ○ which is 17 percent higher than it was the previous year -"it"? no referent
C. ○ 17 percent higher than the previous year's figure was -was is not required
D. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year was -was is not required; incorrect comparison
E. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year's figure -Correct
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Re: The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill  [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2017, 11:49
[quote="chesstitans"]The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 billion, which is 17 percent more than the previous year and more than 10 times the U.S.-China trade deficit in 1998.

A. ○ which is 17 percent more than the previous year -Which wrongly modifies 123 billion it should modify trade defecit
B. ○ which is 17 percent higher than it was the previous year -Same error as A
C. ○ 17 percent higher than the previous year's figure was -wrong comparison
D. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year was- wrong comparison.
E. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year's figure - an amount removed RPM error and figures compared between 2003 and 1998.-Correct answer.

Please highlight if i have misquoted something.
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Re: The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2018, 09:11
gmatexam439 wrote:
The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 billion, which is 17 percent more than the previous year and more than 10 times the U.S.-China trade deficit in 1998.

A. ○ which is 17 percent more than the previous year -incorrect comparison
B. ○ which is 17 percent higher than it was the previous year -"it"? no referent
C. ○ 17 percent higher than the previous year's figure was -was is not required
D. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year was -was is not required; incorrect comparison
E. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year's figure -Correct

gmatexam439

I am still not clear with the explanation for B. Doesn't "it" refer to united states trade deficit with China?? Why can't we use "it"??
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Re: The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2018, 11:02
1
Prateek176 wrote:
gmatexam439 wrote:
The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 billion, which is 17 percent more than the previous year and more than 10 times the U.S.-China trade deficit in 1998.

A. ○ which is 17 percent more than the previous year -incorrect comparison
B. ○ which is 17 percent higher than it was the previous year -"it"? no referent
C. ○ 17 percent higher than the previous year's figure was -was is not required
D. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year was -was is not required; incorrect comparison
E. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year's figure -Correct

gmatexam439

I am still not clear with the explanation for B. Doesn't "it" refer to united states trade deficit with China?? Why can't we use "it"??

Hi Bro,

Here "which" refers to XXX billion. Thus, the next pronoun (it) seems to be used in place of "XXX billion". This doesn't make any sense.
Besides, if you replace "it" with deficit, still the sentence doesn't make any sense: "which is 17 percent higher than deficit was the previous year".

Most important thing is that "which" is wrongly used here. We need something to refer back to deficit and not to XXX billion.

I hope that helps!

Regards
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Re: The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill  [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2019, 08:42
In B ‘it’ has no referent. In C ‘was’ is redundant. Same in D. In A there is an incorrect comparison, 123 billion \$ is compared to ‘last year’.
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Re: The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2019, 11:21
chesstitans wrote:
The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 billion, which is 17 percent more than the previous year and more than 10 times the U.S.-China trade deficit in 1998.

A. which is 17 percent more than the previous year
B. which is 17 percent higher than it was the previous year
C. 17 percent higher than the previous year's figure was
D. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year was
E. an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year's figure

Why D is incorrect? Would anyone explain it elaborately?
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Re: The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill  [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2019, 20:30
1
Rashed12 wrote:
Why D is incorrect? Would anyone explain it elaborately?
Option D is:
an amount that is 17 percent more than the previous year was

It says that an amount of money is more than the previous year. This is illogical. D should actually compare an amount with another amount.
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Re: The United States' trade deficit with China rose in 2003 to \$123 bill   [#permalink] 20 Mar 2019, 20:30
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