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Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body

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Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.


A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 191: Sentence Correction


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Originally posted by circkit on 28 Jun 2007, 07:26.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Sep 2018, 03:41, edited 5 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: QOTD: Tholonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2018, 04:05
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This is one of my favorites, just because I see a lot of errors on it – but it’s actually really straightforward, and is easy to solve if you follow a couple of simple rules. And that doesn’t happen as often as we’d like on GMAT SC, unfortunately.

Quote:
A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted

OK, the thing that should jump out at us is the word “both.” In this case, “both” is paired with the word “and” – and this is a very strict parallelism “trigger”. The word “both” and the word “and” must be followed by two parallel elements.

And in this case, we don’t have those parallel elements: “…both rooted… and Duke Ellington…” Nope: “rooted” is an adjective in this situation, and “Duke Ellington” definitely is not. So we can eliminate (A).

(And for anybody who was paying extremely close attention in our YouTube webinar on parallelism and meaning: when I mentioned “special parallel triggers”, this both/and construction is one of the most important examples I had in mind.)

Quote:
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both

I’m OK with the use of “that” here: “that was rooted” just modifies the “body of work.” You could probably argue that the words “that was” aren’t strictly necessary, but they also aren’t doing any harm at all.

The more important thing is the parallelism again: “…both in the stride-piano tradition… and Duke Ellington…”

Nope, that’s definitely not parallel, either. (B) is out.

Quote:
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

Hm, no more “both”! That’s cool. Now the parallelism isn’t a problem at all: Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington are parallel to each other in the non-underlined portion.

But now there’s a more subtle problem: this thing isn’t a legitimate sentence anymore, because the presumed subject of the sentence (“Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk”) never actually “performs” a main verb. I think we can agree that the part beginning with “who” is just modifying Thelonious Monk, so let’s strip that out for just a moment to see what we have: “Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk,… yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.”

Huh? That makes no sense. Basically, the sentence is structured as a noun, followed by a modifier, followed by a dependent clause. That’s not a sentence. So (C) is out.

Quote:
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

As in (C), we don’t have any parallelism issues here, since “both” has been removed. But unlike (C), (D) is actually a real sentence, since it starts with a nice, independent clause: “…Thelonious Monk produced a body of work…”

So let’s keep (D).

Quote:
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

And we’re right back to the same parallelism problem as in (B): “…both in the stride-piano tradition… and Duke Ellington…” That’s just plain wrong, and we’re left with (D) as the correct answer.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2013, 00:22
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siddhans wrote:
Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

a) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
b) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
c) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
d) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
e) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both


Because we use idiom "both X and Y" too often, so when we see the idiom we will pick options having this idiom intuitively. GMAT, however, prefers standard idioms. In this question,
"both X and Y" must be used precisely, otherwise it's going wrong.

Note: Both X and Y <== X and Y MUST be parallel in meaning and grammar.
OG questions seem to be easy, but they have more sophisticated traps than we thought.

a) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
Wrong. Parallelism problem: both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington,
- "rooted" is verb, "Duke Ellington" is noun <-- cannot parallel.

b) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
Wrong. Parallelism problem: rooted both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington,
- The stride-piano tradition AND Duke Ellington are not parallel.

c) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
Wrong. Modifier problem. The clause "who....." has a comma before it. Technically, the clause is NON-essential. It means we can omit the clause without any meaning change. But that's wrong. The clause is ESSENTIAL. We can't omit it.

d) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
Correct. parallelism: rooted in the stride-piano tradition of X and Y.

e) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both
Wrong. Parallelism problem: rooted both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington,
- The stride-piano tradition AND Duke Ellington are not parallel.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2007, 07:51
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both is not needed, Monk's work is rooted in only the stride-piano tradition, thus eliminate A, B and E.


C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted

D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted

hence, D is the answer.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2007, 08:05
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Going to try this by elimination. The first thing to look out here is the keyword for idiom "both". "both A and B" is the correct idiom. This eliminates A because of idiom error. In fact I get the feeling the the usage of 'both' is incorrect altogether here, since with 'both A and B' , A and B need to be at least somewhat parallel. In this case they are not. Thus eliminate B and E.

C just doesnt read correctly for me. Consider this :
Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in
many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

The 'he' is pretty ambiguous here.

Thus I will go with D.


circkit wrote:
Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both
rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in
many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.
A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

Please explain ur answers..!
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2007, 15:42
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Was confused b/w B and D .

But it is the "tradition of both The smith and Duke eglinton" rather than
both in tradition of the smith and duke eglington".


My sat D.

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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2010, 23:42
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Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

a) same
b) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
c) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
d) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
e) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

"rooted both" and "both rooted" : not required. The sentence means that the roots of the work are in the tradition of Willie and Duke Ellington.

Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington : here [highlight]and[/highlight] is used for the composers [highlight]not the roots[/highlight]

The sentence means that the work is rooted in the tradition of WS and DE.

a) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
b) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
c) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
d) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
e) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

C : ambiguous who
Hence D.

Both x and y
Both in x and in y
Both at X and at Y is correct. Both on X or on Y is correct.
Both should always have parallel forms associated to it.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2010, 11:45
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A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

In this both is not required at all
Hence A,B and E are out
that gives us C and D
C somehow does not sound right it suggest as if Thelonious Monk was rooted and not the work
Hence answer should D
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2011, 05:33
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The problem in A is the unnecessary intrusion of the word ‘both’; you can not say, 'a body of work" and then ‘both’ ‘‘Both’ has no plural referent.

In B and E, ‘both’ is misleading because there are no two traditions. There is only one tradition, i.e. the stride piano tradition.
In C there are two subjects to the main clause namely, Thelonious Monk and he. The second subject ‘he’ is redundant.
D is the correct choice with a proper contrasting and coordinating conjunction 'yet' that joins the two arms of this compound sentence and with the nosey word ‘both’ having been dropped
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2011, 00:28
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karankhinchi wrote:
Friends I am struggling to understand the explanation provided by OG for the below mentioned SC. Can you guys help??

Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
(B) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
(C) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
(D) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
(E) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both


Would be great if you someone can provide answer and elaborate on the underlying reasons?



My answer was D only :). Lets consider the answer choice E it is wrong because:

Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and (in) Duke Ellington

both in x and in y....so in is missing in second part and also it is not implicit so E is wrong. Answer choice A is wordy and also rejected on the same grounds because it should have been:

both rooted in x and sthelse in y....but the construction is faulty.

Answer choice C is also wordy and improper usage of both as well. B has proper start but same problem with both.

To consider choice D:

Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted...(that is going to give some important information about work and that information is:)

in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington

and then the sentence follows:

yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

Here he properly refers to Monk. So correct choice is D.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2011, 11:41
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siddhans wrote:
Spoiler: :: My doubt
Why is the usage of both wrong in A,C,E?
I know the correct idiom is Both A and B or Both in A and in B ...

In B we have =>both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith (A) and Duke Ellington (B)
---- isnt Both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Both in the stride-piano tradition of Duke Ellington understood here ???

both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith (A) and Duke Ellington (B) --- do we need to type both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and both in the stride-piano tradition of Duke Ellington .... isnt that understood?

Also, why is the usage of 'who' wrong in C?




Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

a) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
b) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
c) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
d) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
e) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both




The usage of "who" in choice C is wrong.

Take a run at this simplified example...

Tiger Woods, who is a famous golfer, endorses Nike, but he wears Reebok. [Correct]

Tiger Woods, who is a famous golfer that endorses Nike, but he wears Reebok. [Incorrect]

Why? --- The noun Tiger Woods does not have an accompanying verb. It is incomplete.

Choice C can be corrected as follows:

Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, was a traditional jazz pianist and composer, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

As you can see -- [Noun], [WHO]......., [Verb] + Modifier, [Coordinating Conjunction] + [Independent Clause]
[Monk], [WHO]......., [was] + traditional jazz.. , [YET] [He stood apart from the...]
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2011, 13:26
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Quote:
Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

a) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
b) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
c) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
d) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
e) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both


The idiom both..and is deceptively used here. All options except C and D use the word both incorrectly here. C is a fragment, not a complete sentence. Hence the right answer is D.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2011, 08:58
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I think we should take note an important issue here. The word ‘both’ is the spoilsport in the original text. What does ‘both’ refer to? When we say both, we mean both x and Y. However, there is only one factor here that ------ Monk produced a body of work rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington. Note that sibular phrase ‘a body of work’. So using ‘both’ before rooted has no relevance.

2. Can ‘rooted both’ be right? If there are two traditions in the context, it is understandable. However, here is only one tradition i.e. ‘the stride-piano tradition’ which belongs to the two gentlemen noted there.

Therefore, all choices using both in any of the contexts are wrong here. This leaves us only with C and D. Between them, C is an oitright fragment because of the intrusion of the pronoun “who”. Hence D.

3. A note on whether you really have to say ‘was rooted”. Here ‘a body of work rooted’ does not mean that the verb rooted is in active voice. It is actually a past participle, essentially conveying a passive voice such as ‘is rooted/ are rooted/ was rooted / were rooted etc’ depending on the context. Hence, the voice of the verb is out of scope here. In fact, D will still be right answer, even if you drop, the auxiliary verb ‘was’ before rooted.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2012, 19:49
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First, you must know that "both....and...." is a idiom, and it requires parallelism.
What does this mean? That the elements inside that idiom must have the same gramatical structure.
In other words: "both (noun) and (noun)"
"both (adjective) and (adjective)"
etc.

In this case, notice that after "and" there is a noun (Duke Ellington). So, the structure must be "both (noun) and (noun)".
Notice that in all the choices in which there is "both...and...", there is not parallelism in the elements. A, B, and E out.
C creates a fragment sentence "Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk" is a subject that doesn't have a verb, because after "yet" there is a new and independent clause. D is the answer.

I suggest to read the MGMAT SC book; it provides you a lot of useful concepts.

Hope it helps.

gmatpunjabi wrote:
Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

a) same
b) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
c) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
d) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
e) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

This question caught me off guard. Can someone break down each Answer Choice??

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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2012, 00:53
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Both needs two items. There are NONE.

a) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted (Single item only Both is WRONG)

b) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both (Single item only Both is WRONG)

c) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted -- AWKWARD.
e.g. John, who blah blah blah, YET in blah blah blah.
This doesn't even make sense. Why do you need a YET???

The main difference between C and D is the restrictive clause starting with THAT which makes it a more definitive sentence compared to the non-restrictive starting with who which does not look definitive


d) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted CORRECT
e) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both (Single item only Both is WRONG)
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2013, 15:31
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smrutipattnaik wrote:
Which one of the following is right ??
a. Theo Mark, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted in the stride-piano tradition of will smith and duke.
b. Jazz pianist and composer Theo Mark produced a body of work that was rooted in the stride-piano tradition of will smith and duke.

Regards,
Smruti


Hi Smruti,

You have changed the original Official question , nonetheless this is a good question to learn from.

If you have a noun prefaced by expression that is NOT preceded by an article 'THE/AN/A' then you do not need a comma this is the case in choice
Jazz pianist and composer Theo Mark
produced a body of work that was rooted in the stride-piano tradition of will smith and duke.

If it said 'The/A jazz pianist and composer , Theo Mark (comma is needed because article is used ) or
if it said Innovative and Creative, Theo mark.. (comma needed because Noun preceded by adjective)

BTW the reason for elimination of choice [a] in the official question was a //m issue ;there is nothing wrong with the sentence structure
Theo Mark, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted in the stride-piano tradition of will smith and duke.
Noun, modifier, rest of the clause---is a OK structure


For clarity the original question is

Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

a) same as above
b) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
c) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
d) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
e) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both

OA
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2013, 12:33
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If you use "BOTH" the sentence structure would have to be:
"that was rooted both in X....and ...in Y"

We have:
"that was rooted both in [the stride-piano tradition of these guys], yet in many ways.."

WHERE is Y?

Note the "and" between "Willie and Duke Ellington" isn't part of the same structure. You would need the word "IN" or some other prepositional phrase like "both IN X and ON Y"---simply have the word "and" without the correct structure is NOT what we want.

SO there is no X&Y consistency here so it's no good. Specifically, the word "BOTH" is no good.

There's nothing wrong with "the jazz pianist and composer" - it's just that if you see other answer choices that say the same exact thing but in fewer words, then you want the other guy. "THE jazz pianist and composer" can be simplified to "Jazz pianist and composer" without sacrificing any meaning.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2013, 00:05
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2013gmat wrote:
Hi Buddy,

thelonious-monk-who-was-a-jazz-pianist-and-composer-47937.html

In this question could you please let me know If I have to choose between
1)rooted
2)was rooted

then which one should I choose??

Thanks for your help :)


Main problem of this sentence is PARALLELISM: idiom: both X and Y --> X and Y must be parallel.

Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
Wrong. Not parallel: both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington

B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
Wrong. Same as in A. rooted both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington

C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
Wrong. A clause "who produced a body......" is MODIFIER ==> It means if you eliminate it, the sentence is still sensible. Let try:
Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory..
==> The red part is not a sentence. --> Wrong.
The green part is a complete sentence with S and V.

D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
Correct.

E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both
Wrong. Same problem as in A and B. rooted both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington

Hope it helps.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 12:11
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Note:
idiom: Both X and Y ==> X and Y must be parallel in terms of grammar structure.

Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

(A) Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
Wrong. idiom problem: "a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington" ==> The two red parts are not parallel - "rooted in the stride-piano VS. Duke Ellington"

(B) Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
Wrong. idiom problem: a body of work that was rooted both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington" ==> The two red parts are not parallel - "the stride-piano VS. Duke Ellington"

(C) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
Wrong. "Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington" is not a complete sentence.

(D) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
Correct. parallel structure: rooted in the stride-piano of X and Y. ==> Willie Smith VS. Duke Ellington.

(E) Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both
Wrong. idiom problem: "a body of work rooted both in the stride-piano of Willie Smith and Duke Ellington" ==> The stride-piano VS. Duke Ellington ==> Wrong.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2015, 12:02
Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

A. Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work both rooted
Usage of "both" is not required
B. Thelonious Monk, the jazz pianist and composer, produced a body of work that was rooted both
Same as A
C. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk, who produced a body of work rooted
Sentence is not a complete sentence "verb is required after work
D. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work that was rooted
Correct
E. Jazz pianist and composer Thelonious Monk produced a body of work rooted both
Same as A+fragmented sentence

Hence D
Ans!

Regards
SG
Re: Thelonious Monk, who was a jazz pianist and composer, produced a body &nbs [#permalink] 10 Apr 2015, 12:02

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