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There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to

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There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2016, 08:44
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A
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Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:16) correct 33% (01:31) wrong based on 864 sessions

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There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to drinking water. Liquids are vital for the body so some parents solve the problem by adding artificial flavoring to the water they give their children to drink. The artificial flavoring has a high sugar content and contains many chemical additives. Since the only other option is dehydration, sometimes even resulting in death, parents should use the artificial flavoring to prevent this from happening.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument's conclusion?

A. Soda beverages are often blamed for the tendency of many children to resist drinking water.
B. Water can be made more attractive to children by the addition of a piece of citrus fruit or a fun-shaped ice cube.
C. Dehydration can be caused by excessive vomiting or may occur as a symptom of a disease.
D. The sugar in artificial flavouring is usually created from glucose, a natural source.
E. In warm climates, the chances of dehydration can be lowered by keeping perspiration to a minimum.
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2016, 04:33
n2223 wrote:
There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to drinking water. Liquids are vital for the body so some parents solve the problem by adding artificial flavoring to the water they give their children to drink. The artificial flavoring has a high sugar content and contains many chemical additives. Since the only other option is dehydration, sometimes even resulting in death, parents should use the artificial flavoring to prevent this from happening.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument's conclusion?

A. Soda beverages are often blamed for the tendency of many children to resist drinking water.
B. Water can be made more attractive to children by the addition of a piece of citrus fruit or a fun-shaped ice cube.
C. Dehydration can be caused by excessive vomiting or may occur as a symptom of a disease.
D. The sugar in artificial flavouring is usually created from glucose, a natural source.
E. In warm climates, the chances of dehydration can be lowered by keeping perspiration to a minimum.


Premise: Children do not like drinking water, therefore parents are forced to add artificial flavoring to make the children like the drink.
Conclusion: It says that there are only two options 1) Drink the artificial flavoring or 2) Get dehydrated.

What if there are other healthier ways too. This will attack the conclusion that there are only two possible outcomes.
Option B tells us that by adding piece of citrus fruit or a fun-shaped ice cube, water can be made attractive.
Correct Option: B
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2016, 05:07
HI
I marked C. My logic: Drink flavored water -----> save from dehydratio i.e. dehydration prevented. But what if dehydration is caused by other things???
Pl help
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2016, 04:46
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saurabhsavant wrote:
HI
I marked C. My logic: Drink flavored water -----> save from dehydratio i.e. dehydration prevented. But what if dehydration is caused by other things???
Pl help


Surely dehydration can be caused by other things but how does this knowledge helps in attacking the conclusion ?

Conclusion: Since the only other option is dehydration, sometimes even resulting in death, parents should use the artificial flavoring to prevent this from happening.

Dehydration will CAUSE DEATH and thus parents should CONTINUE using the artificial flavouring keeping aside the fact that these artificial flavours are also not good for health.

We have to STOP dehydration as well as make the water healthier. So what if there are other ways to do so.

Therefore correct answer is B.
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2016, 07:48
n2223 wrote:
There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to drinking water. Liquids are vital for the body so some parents solve the problem by adding artificial flavoring to the water they give their children to drink. The artificial flavoring has a high sugar content and contains many chemical additives. Since the only other option is dehydration, sometimes even resulting in death, parents should use the artificial flavoring to prevent this from happening.

Which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument's conclusion?

A. Soda beverages are often blamed for the tendency of many children to resist drinking water.
B. Water can be made more attractive to children by the addition of a piece of citrus fruit or a fun-shaped ice cube.
C. Dehydration can be caused by excessive vomiting or may occur as a symptom of a disease.
D. The sugar in artificial flavouring is usually created from glucose, a natural source.
E. In warm climates, the chances of dehydration can be lowered by keeping perspiration to a minimum.


our goal is to attack the conclusion: only way to keep kids hydrated is to add artificial flavoring.
A talks about soda - out of scope
B looks good...so it's possible to solve the problem in a different way...it presents an alternative...hold
C what causes dehydration is not what we are interested in - out
D it actually strengthens the conclusion - the artificial flavoring contains something good...it's the opposite...so out
E this one is out of scope too.

B should be the answer.
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2017, 14:08
Conclusion: should add artifical flavors to avoid dehydration
Focus : Children are not drinking water

A, Soda - out of focus
B, fruits better than artificial : Perfect undermines/weakness , Alternative solution
C, Out of Focus
D, Strengthening
E, Out of Scope

B
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2017, 17:35
B - took me longer than expected; Slightly different question style here
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 13:28
there are a trap and a confusion here. B is right, but C is wrong.
The weakener will gives an alternative cause for the conclusion, not for the premise => B wins.
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2018, 20:18
why not option A.
What if the soda drink is itself causing the problem in the first place!
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2018, 00:58
1
HAPPYatHARVARD wrote:
why not option A.
What if the soda drink is itself causing the problem in the first place!


Our conclusion is that parents should add artificial flavoring to water to prevent dehydration and death of children.
In this case, knowing that the problem of 'children don't drink regular water' is caused by soda can maybe help us think of a long-term solution but doesn't give us an immediate solution to the problem of 'how do we prevent dehydration', which is what the conclusion is referring to.

On a more general note, the logic of CR questions is usually straightforward, without requiring an additional level of inference... better not to overthink sometimes :)
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Re: There are known cases of children developing strong opposition to &nbs [#permalink] 19 Oct 2018, 00:58
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