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# To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest

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Senior Manager
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To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2014, 09:41
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45% (medium)

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70% (02:02) correct 30% (02:16) wrong based on 598 sessions

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To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest quality and most expensive ingredients, and the optimization of the complex heating and cooling process known as tempering, are both imperative factors. Chocolatier Q makes the most exceptional chocolate on the market although her production costs are lower than any in the industry. The ingredients and tempering process account for 90% of the expenses of chocolate production. The other 10% is spent on packaging done by an external company that provides the same service to all the chocolatiers in the industry, and at the same price.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?

A) Errors in the tempering process can result in the chocolate not reaching its correct solidified state.
B) Q's production costs can amount to almost 90% less than those spent by other chocolatiers in the industry.
C) Chocolatier Q cuts her costs by using a slightly lower grade of one of her ingredients while compensating for this with the highest standard for all the others.
D) Chocolatier Q enjoys a lower price for the packaging process.
E) Chocolatier Q has the most efficient tempering process of any chocolatier in the industry.

OE:
Q uses the most expensive materials and pays the same price for the package as other chocolatiers do. However, she still boasts the lowest total costs so the secret must be in the only remaining factor - her tempering process, which is the most efficient (and therefore cheap).
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2014, 10:37
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gmatter0913 wrote:
I don't think the premise says that Chocolatier Q uses the most expensive ingredients.

To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest quality and most expensive ingredients, and the optimization of the complex heating and cooling process known as tempering, are both imperative factors.

Since Chocolatier Q produces most exceptional chocolate - it must be using highest quality and most expensive ingredients.
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2014, 03:41
I don't think the premise says that Chocolatier Q uses the most expensive ingredients.
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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15 May 2014, 10:59
My take:

A) Errors in the tempering process can result in the chocolate not reaching its correct solidified state.
The passage does not discuss anything about the errors (Out of scope)
B) Q's production costs can amount to almost 90% less than those spent by other chocolatiers in the industry.
No information to prove this. Q spends 90 % on ingredients & tempering and the production costs are less than those for other manufacturers. => the production costs of Q can be 10 % less than other's costs or 20 % less or 90 % less
C) Chocolatier Q cuts her costs by using a slightly lower grade of one of her ingredients while compensating for this with the highest standard for all the others.
Again Out of scope. No info to support this
D) Chocolatier Q enjoys a lower price for the packaging process.
Contradicts the last statement. Packaging costs are equal for all
E) Chocolatier Q has the most efficient tempering process of any chocolatier in the industry.
Bingo! Q spends less than any other chocolatier on production and her chocolates are exceptional. So Q is more efficient in producing exceptional chocolates than her competitors
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2016, 11:36
1
To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest quality and most expensive ingredients, and the optimization of the complex heating and cooling process known as tempering, are both imperative factors. Chocolatier Q makes the most exceptional chocolate on the market although her production costs are lower than any in the industry. The ingredients and tempering process account for 90% of the expenses of chocolate production. The other 10% is spent on packaging done by an external company that provides the same service to all the chocolatiers in the industry, and at the same price.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?

A) Errors in the tempering process can result in the chocolate not reaching its correct solidified state.
Solidified state is not discussed.

B) Q's production costs can amount to almost 90% less than those spent by other chocolatiers in the industry.
there is no evidence given in argument for this.

C) Chocolatier Q cuts her costs by using a slightly lower grade of one of her ingredients while compensating for this with the highest standard for all the others.
Q make the most exceptional chocolate on the market. for such a choclate lower grade of ingredient won't work.

D) Chocolatier Q enjoys a lower price for the packaging process.
Packaging is done by other company at the same price.

E) Chocolatier Q has the most efficient tempering process of any chocolatier in the industry.
The most exceptional chocolate maker should have the most efficient tempering process. because it is one of the process to must have at its best.
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2016, 19:48
goodyear2013 wrote:
To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest quality and most expensive ingredients, and the optimization of the complex heating and cooling process known as tempering, are both imperative factors. Chocolatier Q makes the most exceptional chocolate on the market although her production costs are lower than any in the industry. The ingredients and tempering process account for 90% of the expenses of chocolate production. The other 10% is spent on packaging done by an external company that provides the same service to all the chocolatiers in the industry, and at the same price.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?

A) Errors in the tempering process can result in the chocolate not reaching its correct solidified state.
B) Q's production costs can amount to almost 90% less than those spent by other chocolatiers in the industry.
C) Chocolatier Q cuts her costs by using a slightly lower grade of one of her ingredients while compensating for this with the highest standard for all the others.
D) Chocolatier Q enjoys a lower price for the packaging process.
E) Chocolatier Q has the most efficient tempering process of any chocolatier in the industry.

i got to E by POE.

let's build the logical structure:
Exceptional chocolate -> needs highest quality + most expensive ingredients. and tempering.
Q - makes the most exceptional chocolate. - we can assume that Q uses highest quality + most expensive ingredients and uses tempering.
we are told the costs of production are lower than any in the industry. - I dont think Q buys highest quality and most expensive ingredients at cheaper price. and we cannot assume that. we can assume that there is a fair competition, and everyone has the same access to the ingredients.
10% of the costs - packaging. package is the same for all chocolatiers and thus, here there is no competitive advantage.

since package costs the same for everyone, and since ingredients cost the same for everyone, there must be smth with the TEMPERING.
since Q makes the most exceptional chocolate while the ingredients and package is the same as for everyone, we can conclude that Q's tempering process is way better than that of its competitors.

1. irrelevant.
2. we cannot conclude that.
3. no.
4. no, the argument says the packaging process costs the same for everyone.
5. YES!
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2017, 21:01
Hi experts,
We are given two imperative factors to produce an exceptional chocolate:the use of highest quality and most expensive ingredients,and the optimization of the complex heating and cooling process known as tampering;how can we deduce that Choc Q has the most efficient tempering process.
It could be that it uses the highest quality ingredient but slightly lower grade of such processes while maintaining its first rank.

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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2017, 08:25
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
We are given two imperative factors to produce an exceptional chocolate:the use of highest quality and most expensive ingredients,and the optimization of the complex heating and cooling process known as tampering;how can we deduce that Choc Q has the most efficient tempering process.
It could be that it uses the highest quality ingredient but slightly lower grade of such processes while maintaining its first rank.

This is an inference question. Considering the argument is true the correct answer must also be supported by the argument.

A) Errors in the tempering process can result in the chocolate not reaching its correct solidified state. - Incorrect. Not discussed in the argument.

B) Q's production costs can amount to almost 90% less than those spent by other chocolatiers in the industry. - Incorrect. 90% less the spending of other chocolatiers? This option cannot be inferred.

C) Chocolatier Q cuts her costs by using a slightly lower grade of one of her ingredients while compensating for this with the highest standard for all the others. - Incorrect. Lower grade of one of her ingredients may be true but the 2nd part of the option i.e. compensating with the highest standard for others is not inferable.

D) Chocolatier Q enjoys a lower price for the packaging process. - Incorrect. Goes against what is stated in the argument.

E) Chocolatier Q has the most efficient tempering process of any chocolatier in the industry. - Correct. The production cost of chocolate Q is less than the cost incurred by other chocolatiers. Production cost depend on the ingredients and tempering process. So Q has the most efficient tempering process.

Hope it helps.
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2017, 00:53
Conclude also E, based on what was stated above.

Only addition what I did not find previously:
As one can asssume that the purchasing costs of the ingredients are roughly the same for every vendor, it must depend on the tempering process.

Would you say this is logic w/in GMAT terms or already outside knowledge?
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2017, 00:11
JanGMAC wrote:
Conclude also E, based on what was stated above.

Only addition what I did not find previously:
As one can asssume that the purchasing costs of the ingredients are roughly the same for every vendor, it must depend on the tempering process.

Would you say this is logic w/in GMAT terms or already outside knowledge?

The first line states that "expensive ingredients" are required for producing exceptional chocolate (which Q produces). However Q's production costs ( ingredients and tempering process) is lower than the industry in spite of the fact that its ingredient purchasing cost is high. Therefore it must follow that its tempering costs are low, implying it must have an efficient tempering process. In this argument no external information was used. You probably missed that "expensive ingredients" is mentioned in the first line.
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2017, 04:49
sayantanc2k wrote:
JanGMAC wrote:
Conclude also E, based on what was stated above.

Only addition what I did not find previously:
As one can asssume that the purchasing costs of the ingredients are roughly the same for every vendor, it must depend on the tempering process.

Would you say this is logic w/in GMAT terms or already outside knowledge?

The first line states that "expensive ingredients" are required for producing exceptional chocolate (which Q produces). However Q's production costs ( ingredients and tempering process) is lower than the industry in spite of the fact that its ingredient purchasing cost is high. Therefore it must follow that its tempering costs are low, implying it must have an efficient tempering process. In this argument no external information was used. You probably missed that "expensive ingredients" is mentioned in the first line.

I entirely agree with your reasoning. Sorry, I made my question unclear then: Can it be inferred that the "most expensive ingredients" all cost the same for each vendor or would that be out of scope?
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To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2017, 06:41
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JanGMAC wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
JanGMAC wrote:
Conclude also E, based on what was stated above.

Only addition what I did not find previously:
As one can asssume that the purchasing costs of the ingredients are roughly the same for every vendor, it must depend on the tempering process.

Would you say this is logic w/in GMAT terms or already outside knowledge?

The first line states that "expensive ingredients" are required for producing exceptional chocolate (which Q produces). However Q's production costs ( ingredients and tempering process) is lower than the industry in spite of the fact that its ingredient purchasing cost is high. Therefore it must follow that its tempering costs are low, implying it must have an efficient tempering process. In this argument no external information was used. You probably missed that "expensive ingredients" is mentioned in the first line.

I entirely agree with your reasoning. Sorry, I made my question unclear then: Can it be inferred that the "most expensive ingredients" all cost the same for each vendor or would that be out of scope?

Chocolatier Q makes the most exceptional chocolate. Therefore the ingredients used by Q would be the most expensive. So the ingredients used by others would be cheaper than (or at the most equal in price with) the ingredients used by Q.
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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest  [#permalink]

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Re: To produce an exceptional chocolate, the use of the highest   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2018, 04:04
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