Walkabout wrote:
What is the value of x + y in the figure above?
(1) w= 95
(2) z = 125
Target question: What is the value of x + y? Statement 1: w = 95Important: For geometry DS questions, we are typically checking to see whether the statements "lock" a particular angle or length into having just one value. This concept is discussed in much greater detail in the second video below.
If w = 95, then the angle inside the quadrilateral must be 85.
So, those 2 angles (95 and 85) are "locked." In other words, the 2 lines that create those two angles are locked in place to create the 95- and 85-degree angles.
However, line1 is not locked into place, so we can still move it, which means we can freely alter the size of angle y.
As such,
the value of x + y will vary. Since we cannot answer the
target question with certainty, statement 1 is SUFFICIENT
Statement 2: z = 125If z = 125, then the angle inside the quadrilateral must be 55.
Since line2 is not locked into place, we can still move it, which means we can freely alter the size of angle x.
As such,
the value of x + y will vary. Since we cannot answer the
target question with certainty, statement 2 is SUFFICIENT
Statements 1 and 2 combined: We now have the following:
Since all angles in a quadrilateral add to 360 degrees, we know that 85 + 55 + j + k = 360
If we solve for j + k, we get:
j + k = 220Also notice that, since angles x and k are on a line, it must be true that x + k = 180.
Similarly, it must be true that y + j = 180
If we combine both of these equations, we get: x + y +
j + k = 360
Since we already know that
j + k = 220, we can replace j + k with 220, to get:
x + y +
220 = 360
This means
x + y = 140Since we cannot answer the
target question with certainty, the combined statements are SUFFICIENT
Answer: C
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