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When girls are educated in single-sex secondary schools

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New post 20 Feb 2017, 23:35
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A
B
C
D
E

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  15% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (01:37) correct 21% (02:07) wrong based on 116 sessions

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When girls are educated in single-sex secondary schools, they tend to do better academically than girls who attend mixed-sex schools. Since Alice achieved higher grades than any other woman in her first year at the university, she was probably educated at a single-sex school.

Which one of the following most closely parallels the flawed reasoning used in the argument above?

(A) When students have individual tutoring in math, they usually get good grades on their final exams. Celia had individual tutoring in math so she will probably get a good grade.
(B) When babies are taught to swim, they have more than the average number of ear infections as they grow up. Janice has more ear infections than any other person at the local swimming club, so she probably was taught to swim when she was a baby.
(C) When children study music at an early age, they later tend to appreciate a wide variety of music, so the talent of future musicians is best fostered at an early age.
(D) When children practice their piano scales for half an hour each day, they usually pass their piano exams. Sally practices scales for less than half an hour each day, so she will probably fail her piano exam.
(E) When children have parents who help them with their homework, they usually do well in school. Therefore, having help with homework is probably the cause of high academic achievement.
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New post 28 May 2017, 14:11
Answer is B.

The reasoning here is since x achieved/showed y, and since z also achieved/showed y, therefore leap of logic: z is a subset of x, with no clarification that only one group x achieve or display y.


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Re: When girls are educated in single-sex secondary schools  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2019, 17:58
Bumping for further discussion
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Re: When girls are educated in single-sex secondary schools   [#permalink] 24 Nov 2019, 17:58
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