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A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks,

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A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks,  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 01:15
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A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks, as shown in the figure; any two adjacent docking stations are separated by a uniform distance d. A certain boat left the west dock from docking station #2 and moved in a straight line diagonally until it reached the south dock. If the boat was at one time directly east of docking station #4 and directly north of docking station #7, at which docking station on the south dock did the boat arrive?

A. #7
B. #8
C. #9
D. #10
E. #11


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Re: A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks,  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 01:37
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Bunuel wrote:
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A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks, as shown in the figure; any two adjacent docking stations are separated by a uniform distance d. A certain boat left the west dock from docking station #2 and moved in a straight line diagonally until it reached the south dock. If the boat was at one time directly east of docking station #4 and directly north of docking station #7, at which docking station on the south dock did the boat arrive?

A. #7
B. #8
C. #9
D. #10
E. #11


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(PS08375)



East of 4 and N of 7 means it has traveled TWO ( 2 to 4) steps down and TWO(5 to 7) steps east
But it has to travel 3 steps from 2 to 5, so it will travel 3 to the east = 5+3=8

ofcourse it can be done by finding slope but easier to assimilate this way

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Re: A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks,  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2018, 08:17
Finding slope of line using two points
(5,2)- when the boat is docked on west harbour
(7,4) - given boat has passed through this point

then slope [(4-2)]/[(7-5)]=1

Then we can find the port where the boat is docked in the south harbour

1= [(4-5)]/[(7-s.port)]
7-s.port=-1
s.port=8
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Re: A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks,  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2018, 18:55
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Bunuel wrote:
Image
A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks, as shown in the figure; any two adjacent docking stations are separated by a uniform distance d. A certain boat left the west dock from docking station #2 and moved in a straight line diagonally until it reached the south dock. If the boat was at one time directly east of docking station #4 and directly north of docking station #7, at which docking station on the south dock did the boat arrive?

A. #7
B. #8
C. #9
D. #10
E. #11

Attachment:
shot19.jpg


Let’s rethink this problem as one that involves the equation of a line. Station 5 is the origin (0,0), and all other stations take on the traditional values on the x and y axes. Thus, when the boat leaves station #2, the ordered pair is (0,3), and the line of the boat’s path passes through the point (station #7, station #4), or (2,1). The line that connects these two points has a slope of (3 – 1)/0 – 2) = 2/-2 = -1. Using y = -1x + b, we substitute the values from (0,3), obtaining 3 = (-1)(0) + b, and so b = 3. Thus, the equation of the line connecting the two points is y = -x + 3.

We now plug in the ordered pairs of the answer choices to determine which of their equivalent ordered pairs satisfies the equation y = -x + 3.

Choice A: station #7 is at (2,0). Does 0 = -2 + 3? No.

Choice B: station #8 is at (3,0). Does 0 = -3 + 3? Yes!

Answer: B
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Re: A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks,  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2018, 00:55
Bunuel wrote:
Image
A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks, as shown in the figure; any two adjacent docking stations are separated by a uniform distance d. A certain boat left the west dock from docking station #2 and moved in a straight line diagonally until it reached the south dock. If the boat was at one time directly east of docking station #4 and directly north of docking station #7, at which docking station on the south dock did the boat arrive?

A. #7
B. #8
C. #9
D. #10
E. #11


NEW question from GMAT® Quantitative Review 2019


(PS08375)

Attachment:
shot19.jpg


Restructuring the problem using coordinate plane we get
Docking in #2 : (0,3)
east of docking station #4 and directly north of docking station #7: (2,1)
Equation of this st. line is y=-x+3 [slope = -1]
so, the docking in X-axis Y=0, we get
0=-x+3, which is x = 3 (dock #8) [option b]
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Re: A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks, &nbs [#permalink] 19 Sep 2018, 00:55
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A certain harbor has docking stations along its west and south docks,

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