GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Feb 2019, 20:16

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Algebra Webinar

     February 17, 2019

     February 17, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Attend this Free Algebra Webinar and learn how to master Inequalities and Absolute Value problems on GMAT.
  • Valentine's day SALE is on! 25% off.

     February 18, 2019

     February 18, 2019

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    We don’t care what your relationship status this year - we love you just the way you are. AND we want you to crush the GMAT!

A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 52906
A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jun 2012, 01:28
7
59
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:44) correct 34% (02:14) wrong based on 1867 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap, 60 used only Brand A soap, and for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap. How many of the 200 households surveyed used both brands of soap?

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Diagnostic Test
Question: 6
Page: 21
Difficulty: 650

_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Most Helpful Expert Reply
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 52906
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jun 2012, 01:28
10
10
SOLUTION

A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap, 60 used only Brand A soap, and for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap. How many of the 200 households surveyed used both brands of soap?

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Given:

Image

"For every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap" means that if x used both A and B, then 3x used only B (but not A). So, \(4x+140=200\) --> \(x=15\).

Answer: A.

Attachment:
A marketing firm determined.JPG
A marketing firm determined.JPG [ 12.11 KiB | Viewed 30117 times ]

_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Most Helpful Community Reply
Current Student
avatar
Joined: 08 Jan 2009
Posts: 304
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V46
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2012, 01:26
10
I think a (poorly drawn) diagram really helps.

Image

60 + x + 3x + 80 = 200

4x = 60
x = 15
General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 07 Jun 2011
Posts: 47
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jun 2012, 04:04
3
60(number of brand A) + X(number of households that use both brans)+ 3x(number of households that use only brand B) + 80 = 200

X = 15
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 14 Apr 2012
Posts: 13
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT Date: 09-12-2012
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Retail)
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jun 2012, 08:52
1
Shouldn't the answer be [C]

60(Brand A) +3x(Brand B)-x(Both Brands) = 200-80(total is 120 since 80 use neither)

60+2x = 120 => x =30
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 22 Jun 2012
Posts: 13
Location: India
GPA: 3.09
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2012, 01:41
2
1
pallavisatsangi wrote:
Shouldn't the answer be [C]

60(Brand A) +3x(Brand B)-x(Both Brands) = 200-80(total is 120 since 80 use neither)

60+2x = 120 => x =30

No pallavisatsangi
The answer is A (15) you can not subtract x (both using A and B) Because in the question it is mentioned that 60 people is only brand A and accordingly 3x people use only Brand B.... if the term 'ONLY' had not been used in the question then you would have subtracted x .. but since in both cases term 'only' has been used, you can not subtract x
So eq. becomes
60 +x+3x+80=200
x=15
_________________

\sqrt{[square_root][square_root][square_root][square_root][square_root]}[/square_root][/square_root][/square_root][/square_root][/square_root]????????

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 23 Aug 2011
Posts: 66
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Aug 2012, 06:02
3
Nice question, i took around 1 minute to comprehend this line "for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap" and still over looked the word "only" Brand B. I chose (C)30 , but it should be 15. Nice explanation every one.

One important thing i observed in these questions, in which we have to deal with Only A/ Only B type issues that it is better to go with Venn-Dia. rather than table as it adds to complexity (only A-->not B)and consumes more time than former.
On the other hand, the table is easier to work with when the questions deal with "both/neither-nor" elements, range of elements.
Just my opinion.
_________________

Whatever one does in life is a repetition of what one has done several times in one's life!
If my post was worth it, then i deserve kudos :)

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 01 Jun 2012
Posts: 19
Location: United States
Concentration: Nonprofit
GMAT 1: 720 Q48 V43
GPA: 3.83
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Sep 2012, 17:11
A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap, 60 used only Brand A soap, and for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap. How many of the 200 households surveyed used both brands of soap?

A) 15
B) 20
C) 30
D) 40
E) 45

If someone could tell me how to solve the problem using the manhattan method (with grids), that would be awesome. For such a simple problem, I can't figure out how I'm messing up setting up the grid.
Attachments

chart.JPG
chart.JPG [ 3.66 MiB | Viewed 28610 times ]

Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 599
WE: Science (Education)
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Sep 2012, 23:24
egiles wrote:
A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap, 60 used only Brand A soap, and for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap. How many of the 200 households surveyed used both brands of soap?

A) 15
B) 20
C) 30
D) 40
E) 45

If someone could tell me how to solve the problem using the manhattan method (with grids), that would be awesome. For such a simple problem, I can't figure out how I'm messing up setting up the grid.


The data in your table should be as follow:

x 3x 60
60 80 140
60+x 80+3x 200

From the first line, x + 3x = 60 (the same equation can be obtained using the last line - 60 + x + 80 + 3x = 200).

Your mistake was misplacing 60 - it is the number of households using only brand A (meaning A but not B).
_________________

PhD in Applied Mathematics
Love GMAT Quant questions and running.

CEO
CEO
User avatar
D
Joined: 11 Sep 2015
Posts: 3431
Location: Canada
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 02 Jan 2019, 12:16
Top Contributor
Bunuel wrote:
A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap, 60 used only Brand A soap, and for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap. How many of the 200 households surveyed used both brands of soap?

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45


Here's a step-by-step approach using the Double Matrix method.

Here, we have a population of 200 households , and the two characteristics are:
- using or not using Brand A soap
- using or not using Brand B soap

So, we can set up our matrix as follows (where "~" represents "not"):
Image

80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap
We can add this to our diagram as follows:
Image

60 used only Brand A soap
We get...
Image

At this point, we can see that the right-hand column adds to 140, which means 140 households do NOT use brand B soap.
Image

Since there are 200 households altogether, we can conclude that 60 households DO use brand B soap.
Image

For every household that used BOTH brands of soap...
Let's let x = # of households that use BOTH brands....
Image

...3 used only Brand B soap.
So, 3x = # of households that use ONLY brand B soap
Image

At this point, when we examine the left-hand column, we can see that x + 3x = 60
Simplify to get 4x = 60
Solve to get x = 15

How many of the 200 households surveyed used BOTH brands of soap?
Since x = # of households that use BOTH brands of soap, the correct answer here is: A

This question type is VERY COMMON on the GMAT, so be sure to master the technique.

RELATED VIDEO


MORE PRACTICE

_________________

Test confidently with gmatprepnow.com
Image


Originally posted by GMATPrepNow on 22 Sep 2016, 12:03.
Last edited by GMATPrepNow on 02 Jan 2019, 12:16, edited 3 times in total.
Target Test Prep Representative
User avatar
G
Status: Head GMAT Instructor
Affiliations: Target Test Prep
Joined: 04 Mar 2011
Posts: 2827
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Feb 2017, 10:33
1
Bunuel wrote:
A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap, 60 used only Brand A soap, and for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap. How many of the 200 households surveyed used both brands of soap?

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45


This is an overlapping set question. A great way to solve this problem is to set up a table with two main categories: Brand A and Brand B. More specifically, our table will be labeled as follows:

1) Brand A

2) No Brand A

3) Brand B

4) No Brand B

We are given that of 200 households surveyed, 80 did not use either brand and 60 used only Brand A. We are also given that for every household that used both brands, 3 used only Brand B. Thus, we can let x = the number of households that used both brands and 3x = the number of households that only used Brand B. We need to determine how many households used both brands.

Let’s fill all of this into our table.

Image

We can create the following equation with the “Total” column and determine x:

4x + 140 = 200

4x = 60

x = 15

Thus, 15 households used both brands of soap.

Alternative solution:

This is an overlapping set question. We can use the following formula:

Total = A only + B only + Both + Neither

We are given that the Total = 200, A only = 60, and Neither = 80. We are given that for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B. So, if we let x = Both, then 3x = B only. Thus:

200 = 60 + 3x + x + 80

200 = 140 + 4x

60 = 4x

x = 15

Thus, 15 households used both brands of soap.

Answer: A
_________________

Jeffery Miller
Head of GMAT Instruction

GMAT Quant Self-Study Course
500+ lessons 3000+ practice problems 800+ HD solutions

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Sep 2017
Posts: 3
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2017, 00:47
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap, 60 used only Brand A soap, and for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap. How many of the 200 households surveyed used both brands of soap?

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Given:

Image

"For every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap" means that if x used both A and B, then 3x used only B (but not A). So, \(4x+140=200\) --> \(x=15\).

Answer: A.


Can you please explain "if x used both A and B, then 3x used only B (but not A).So, \(4x+140=200\) --> \(x=15\)"
I can't comprehend this part. it is specifically mentioned in the question that 3 used 'only' brand B soap. So, why it is dependable on "both brands of soap" part. if so, why isn't 60 written as "60x".
help.
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 52906
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2017, 01:05
1
abhishek94 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap, 60 used only Brand A soap, and for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap. How many of the 200 households surveyed used both brands of soap?

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Given:

Image

"For every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap" means that if x used both A and B, then 3x used only B (but not A). So, \(4x+140=200\) --> \(x=15\).

Answer: A.


Can you please explain "if x used both A and B, then 3x used only B (but not A).So, \(4x+140=200\) --> \(x=15\)"
I can't comprehend this part. it is specifically mentioned in the question that 3 used 'only' brand B soap. So, why it is dependable on "both brands of soap" part. if so, why isn't 60 written as "60x".
help.


"For every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap" means that if x used both A and B, then 3x used only B (but not A).

So, for example:
If 10 people used both brands of soap, 3*10 = 30 used only Brand B soap.
If 12 people used both brands of soap, 3*12 = 36 used only Brand B soap.
If x people used both brands of soap, 3x used only Brand B soap.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Jan 2015
Posts: 2568
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Mar 2018, 10:05
1

Solution:



Given:

    • Number of households surveyed = 200

    • Households who used only Brand A soaps = 60

    • Households who used only Brand B soaps = 3* Households who used both soaps.

    • Households who used neither Brand A nor Brand B soaps = 80

Working out:

We need to find out the number of households which used soaps of both the brands.

To understand the solution, let us draw a 2-set Venn diagram

Image

Since the total households surveyed were 200 and 80 of them used no soaps, (200-80) households used at least one of Brand A or Brand B soaps.

    • Thus, \(3x +x +60 = 120\)

    • Or, \(x =15\).

Thus, 15 households used both the brands of the soaps.

Answer: Option A
_________________








Register for free sessions
Number Properties:- Get 5 free video lessons, 50 practice questions | Algebra:-Get 4 free video lessons, 40 practice questions
Quant Workshop:- Get 100 practice questions | Free Strategy Weession:- Key strategy to score 760

Success Stories
Q38 to Q50 | Q35 to Q50 | More Success Stories

Ace GMAT
Articles and Question to reach Q51 | Question of the week | Tips From V40+ Scoreres | V27 to V42:- GMAT 770 | Guide to Get into ISB-MBA

Must Read Articles
Number Properties – Even Odd | LCM GCD | Statistics-1 | Statistics-2 | Remainders-1 | Remainders-2
Word Problems – Percentage 1 | Percentage 2 | Time and Work 1 | Time and Work 2 | Time, Speed and Distance 1 | Time, Speed and Distance 2
Advanced Topics- Permutation and Combination 1 | Permutation and Combination 2 | Permutation and Combination 3 | Probability
Geometry- Triangles 1 | Triangles 2 | Triangles 3 | Common Mistakes in Geometry
Algebra- Wavy line | Inequalities

Practice Questions
Number Properties 1 | Number Properties 2 | Algebra 1 | Geometry | Prime Numbers | Absolute value equations | Sets



| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

GMATH Teacher
User avatar
G
Status: GMATH founder
Joined: 12 Oct 2010
Posts: 730
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Sep 2018, 12:38
Bunuel wrote:
A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used neither Brand A nor Brand B soap, 60 used only Brand A soap, and for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap. How many of the 200 households surveyed used both brands of soap?

(A) 15
(B) 20
(C) 30
(D) 40
(E) 45

Excellent opportunity to use Venn diagrams (a.k.a. "overlapping sets")!

Image


\(? = x\)

\(120 = 60 + x + 3x\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,? = x = 15\)


Regards,
Fabio.
_________________

Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT)
Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here: https://gmath.net

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 05 Jan 2019
Posts: 7
GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2019, 10:49
Solved this question algebraically as below:

Out of 200, 80 use none, so this leaves us with 120 using only A, only B and both.
Only A users = 60, now this leaves us with Only B and both users to be remaining 60.
Now, there's a relation given: 'for every household that used both brands of soap, 3 used only Brand B soap'
this means both:only B = 1:3, assign x to 'both' users.

So we get the below equation:
120=60+3x+x
x=15

Answer : A

Please correct me if I am wrong.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used   [#permalink] 12 Feb 2019, 10:49
Display posts from previous: Sort by

A marketing firm determined that, of 200 households surveyed, 80 used

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.