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According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita

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According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2006, 03:23
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According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

(A) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
(B) Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
(C) The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
(D) By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
(E) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

Would appreciate if you can try this one.
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14 Aug 2006, 03:26
(E)

"approaching 19 pounds a year" relates to pasta, not to the United States
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14 Aug 2006, 03:30
(E) looks grammatically fine, but uses the dreaded passive voice.
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14 Aug 2006, 03:46
Will go with E

A. C -- use of "which" incorrect

D -- conveys the idea that National Pasta Association will make the prediction in the 21st century.

B -- modifier error -- gives idea that National pasta asso. is reaching 19 pounds
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14 Aug 2006, 04:00
Straight E.
Only E corrects the modifier problem.
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14 Aug 2006, 05:33
Following is a sentence excerpted from New York Times Editorial:

The Bush administration objects to the clause in Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions that prohibits â€œoutrages upon personal dignity, in particular, humiliating and degrading treatment.â€
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14 Aug 2006, 06:27
we are talking about GMAT English, not US, not British one
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14 Aug 2006, 08:45
Great explanation PPGJ, I agree with your explanations. For some reason, GMAT seems to dislike the use of ,which, Too bad, since I always use ,which, so maybe I've been using it wrong all these years...
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17 Aug 2006, 06:23
PPGJ wrote:
Will go with E

A. C -- use of "which" incorrect

D -- conveys the idea that National Pasta Association will make the prediction in the 21st century.

B -- modifier error -- gives idea that National pasta asso. is reaching 19 pounds

Only D & E are close....D is wrong bcos of the reason mentione above.

A,C - which refers to the noun before it...so wrong here.Also have modifier problem...

B - Modifier problem.

E is the best here.
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Re: SC 1000 - Pasta Consumption [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2006, 08:23
E

According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

(A) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
(B) Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
(C) The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
(D) By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
(E) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

All, except E, have wrong modifiers.
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20 Aug 2006, 00:09
E it is.
Acc to sc guide Passive voice is not always wrong. Sometimes it is good when the actor is less imp than action itself.

BEEGEEZ2 : that refers to clause because if it refer to conventions then it would be prohibit and not prohibits.

(A) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

It is a rule to remember that ,which always(yes always) refer to the noun preceedin it.
HTH
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20 Aug 2006, 00:09
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