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After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington [#permalink]
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anvesh004 wrote:
After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington had no doubt that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was that of Michelle Williams who had appeared on the Pygmalion show held last month at Circus Drive.

A.) had no doubt that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was that of

B.) had no doubt that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was

C.) had not doubted that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was of

D.) had no doubt whether the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was that of

E.) do not doubt whether the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was


kchen1994 wrote:
Can someone explain the use of HAD in this sentence. What are the sequences of events?

Is my train of thought correct:
1) no doubt BEFORE
2) autopsy conducted
Hence the use of HAD

kchen1994 , the use is correct in A, B, and D.

You are right about the sequence, but ...

"Had" can mean to possess, to hold, to own, and more.

In those three options, "had" is not an auxiliary verb.
Rather, "had" is its own verb whose direct object is "doubt."

"Had" in those options is used in the simple past tense of
"possessed no doubt," or
"harbored no doubt.

In option (C), on the other hand, the past perfect is incorrect.
Past Perfect =
had + past participle
had + [not] doubted

In (C), "had" IS a helping or auxiliary verb. We don't need past perfect.

We do use past perfect to indicate an event before a past event (the "past of the past"), but
i) NOT when using the past perfect would be out of sequence

And NOT when sequence is clear because
ii) sequence words are used
Words such as before, after, subsequently, previously and others give time sequence.

or

ii) The sentence contains date references such as:
In 1925 a huge X erupted and made the X in 1905 look puny by comparison.

GMAC prefers simple past if possible.

The non-underlined part begins with After, which signals sequence.

So we need to use simple past in this question. (C) and (E) are out for that reason.

After the autopsy, he had no doubt that (he knew that) the body was that of M.W.

B is out because a body is not a person.

D is out because idiomatically we do not say "no doubt WHETHER." We say "no doubt THAT."

Hope that helps.
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Re: After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington [#permalink]
Quote:
the use is correct in A, B, and D.

You are right about the sequence, but ...

"Had" can mean to possess, to hold, to own, and more.

In those three options, "had" is not an auxiliary verb.
Rather, "had" is its own verb whose direct object is "doubt."

"Had" in those options is used in the simple past tense of
"possessed no doubt," or
"harbored no doubt.

In option (C), on the other hand, the past perfect is incorrect.
Past Perfect =
had + past participle
had + [not] doubted

In (C), "had" IS a helping or auxiliary verb. We don't need past perfect.

We do use past perfect to indicate an event before a past event (the "past of the past"), but
i) NOT when using the past perfect would be out of sequence

And NOT when sequence is clear because
ii) sequence words are used
Words such as before, after, subsequently, previously and others give time sequence.

or

ii) The sentence contains date references such as:
In 1925 a huge X erupted and made the X in 1905 look puny by comparison.

GMAC prefers simple past if possible.

The non-underlined part begins with After, which signals sequence.

So we need to use simple past in this question. (C) and (E) are out for that reason.

After the autopsy, he had no doubt that (he knew that) the body was that of M.W.

B is out because a body is not a person.

D is out because idiomatically we do not say "no doubt WHETHER." We say "no doubt THAT."

Hope that helps.


understood! thank you. To re-iterate, this sentence is not using past perfect, but rather using had as a means to state that Daniel OWNED no doubt
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Re: After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington [#permalink]
anvesh004 wrote:
After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington had no doubt that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was that of Michelle Williams who had appeared on the Pygmalion show held last month at Circus Drive.



A.) had no doubt that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was that of

B.) had no doubt that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was

C.) had not doubted that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was of

D.) had no doubt whether the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was that of

E.) do not doubt whether the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was


POE

A.) had no doubt that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was that of

B.) had no doubt that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was -->Incomplete

C.) had not doubted that the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was of

D.) had no doubt whether the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was that of

E.) do not doubt whether the highly decomposed body exhumed from a dry well in the Rivera Forests was
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After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington [#permalink]
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kchen1994 wrote:

understood! thank you. To re-iterate, this sentence is not using past perfect, but rather using had as a means to state that Daniel OWNED no doubt

Yes, you are exactly right -- A, B, and D correctly use simple past: had no doubt = "owned no doubt"

(Option C, though, IS past perfect . . . and is incorrect for that reason.)
That verb is a tough one. :)
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Re: After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington [#permalink]
The body was of Michelle Williams. Vs The body was that of Michelle Williams.

I have doubt that which one is correct? can somebody explain?
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Re: After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington [#permalink]
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aa008 wrote:
The body was of Michelle Williams. Vs The body was that of Michelle Williams.

I have doubt that which one is correct? can somebody explain?



From the question we have to choose between "body was Michelle" and "body was that of Michelle". So, no question of "The body was of Michelle".

Considering "The body was of Michelle" option anyway:
"Of Michelle" is a prepositional phrase. There is no object that links to the Subject(body). Whereas, In "The body was that of Michelle", "that" acts as object.
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Re: After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington [#permalink]
anvesh004 wrote:
aa008 wrote:
The body was of Michelle Williams. Vs The body was that of Michelle Williams.

I have doubt that which one is correct? can somebody explain?



From the question we have to choose between "body was Michelle" and "body was that of Michelle". So, no question of "The body was of Michelle".

Considering "The body was of Michelle" option anyway:
"Of Michelle" is a prepositional phrase. There is no object that links to the Subject(body). Whereas, In "The body was that of Michelle", "that" acts as object.



so you mean to say that The body was of Michelle is grammatically wrong.
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Re: After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington [#permalink]
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Re: After conducting the autopsy, Daniel Wellington [#permalink]
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