Last visit was: 23 May 2024, 12:24 It is currently 23 May 2024, 12:24
Close
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.
Close
Request Expert Reply
Confirm Cancel
SORT BY:
Date
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 16 Jan 2013
Posts: 116
Own Kudos [?]: 1588 [52]
Given Kudos: 56
Send PM
Most Helpful Reply
User avatar
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Sep 2011
Posts: 258
Own Kudos [?]: 1374 [15]
Given Kudos: 46
Location: United States
WE:Corporate Finance (Manufacturing)
Send PM
SVP
SVP
Joined: 26 Mar 2013
Posts: 2461
Own Kudos [?]: 1363 [7]
Given Kudos: 641
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
Schools: Erasmus (II)
Send PM
General Discussion
avatar
Intern
Intern
Joined: 26 Jan 2014
Posts: 36
Own Kudos [?]: 34 [1]
Given Kudos: 77
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
1
Kudos
GOOD question.

At first I chose D and then when I saw the OA, I realized I was wrong. I just felt it was not right about the modify in E. Personally I'm not a native speaker.

However,D is wrong because the predicate isn't parallel. Thxs mejia401.
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Status:Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Posts: 2099
Own Kudos [?]: 8865 [0]
Given Kudos: 171
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE:Information Technology (Consulting)
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica.

A Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - 2 subjects - Arctic terns and they . Being is awkward here
B Arctics terns are true long-distance migrants, nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, - Wrong modification using Verb- ing . Illogical sentence - usage of but
C Being that they are true long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - Being that they are is redundant and awkward
D Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long-distance migrants - Grammatically correct , but illogical meaning -because of the "but" conjunction
E True long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - Correct

Answer E
Intern
Intern
Joined: 22 Jul 2016
Posts: 15
Own Kudos [?]: 47 [1]
Given Kudos: 31
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica

The basic parallelism we need to search here for correct option is using the keyword in the non-underlined part, i.e. fly
Contenders : (A),(C) & (E).
PoE :
(A) : pronoun "they" is placed far away from "Arctic terns" to which it is referring. Also, the use of "being" is awkward here.
(C) : Although the modifier is placed at correct position, "Being that they are" is wordy construction.
(E) : Proper usage of modifier and follows parallelism (nest ... fly)

Ans: E
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Status: enjoying
Posts: 5265
Own Kudos [?]: 42116 [2]
Given Kudos: 422
Location: India
WE:Education (Education)
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
1
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
Expert Reply
Top Contributor
The Algorithm for solving this problem is:
1. First, remove the choices using 'being' as a modifier. A and C are gone.
D is antithetical in saying that the birds are long-distance migrants but travel thousands of miles.
B. the IC after 'but' is not parallel to the present participle modifier phrase starting with nesting.
This leaves us with just E, which is error free.
Director
Director
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 778
Own Kudos [?]: 396 [0]
Given Kudos: 2198
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
adverbial is the phrase, or word that modifies the main action in the main clause. adverbials can be realized by a noun, an adverb, an adjective phrase, doing-phrase, or do-ed phrase.

in our OA, choice E, a noun phrase works as an adverbial

the meaning of adverbial can be, reason, effect, context and method of the main action.
Director
Director
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 778
Own Kudos [?]: 396 [0]
Given Kudos: 2198
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
it is hard to realize weather an adverb can be fit to its main clause. gmat exploit this point on many sc questions.

in many case, the adverb can not be fit logically to the main clause.

in choice b and d, nesting... , an adverb, is not fit logically to the main clause "terns are immigrant".
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Status:Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Posts: 2099
Own Kudos [?]: 8865 [0]
Given Kudos: 171
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE:Information Technology (Consulting)
Send PM
Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
Skywalker18 wrote:
Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica.

A Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - 2 subjects - Arctic terns and they . Being is awkward here
B Arctics terns are true long-distance migrants, nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, - Wrong modification using Verb- ing . Illogical sentence - usage of but
C Being that they are true long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - Being that they are is redundant and awkward
D Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long-distance migrants - Grammatically correct , but illogical meaning -because of the "but" conjunction
E True long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - Correct

Answer E


1. Can we eliminate option D based on "it implies that arctic terns are NESTING at the same time as they are MIGRANTS -- a nonsensical meaning."(BTG forum explanation )?
2. Does verb-ing always needs to be Contemporaneous Action(at the same time)?

3. By 1940, the pilot Jacqueline Cochran held seventeen official national and international speed records, earning them at a time that aviation was still so new for many of the
planes she flew to be of dangerously experimental design.
“Earning” is not the action brought by verb - “held”
But I read (in one of the discussions in GMAT Club) that verb-ing need not always be a result of the main clause action but it can also be the cause? So wouldn't earning act as a cause for action 'held'?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyTargetTestPrep , DmitryFarber , VeritasKarishma , generis , EducationAisle , daagh ,other experts - please enlighten
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Status: enjoying
Posts: 5265
Own Kudos [?]: 42116 [0]
Given Kudos: 422
Location: India
WE:Education (Education)
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
Expert Reply
Top Contributor
skywalker

Quote:
1. Can we eliminate option D based on "it implies that arctic terns are NESTING at the same time as they are MIGRANTS -- a nonsensical meaning." (BTG forum explanation )?


Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long-distance migrants

Nesting in the context is not a verb but simply a verbal known as present participle. It could also be a gerund under very different contexts without a sense of finite tense to it. Let me give some examples.

Sleeping undisturbed in the night, Tom was ready to take up GMAT -- Does it mean he slept undisturbed and took the exam at the same time. NO.

Listening to the melodious songs of Asha, Tom dozed off on the couch.
Can we ask here how he dozed off and still was listening?



Quote:
2. Does verb-ing always need to be Contemporaneous Action(at the same time)?

No. No. No. In that case what about was listening, has been listening. Would be listening, will be listening. What adds sense of tense is actually the auxiliary verb 'be' or 'was' or 'is' or 'are'.

Staring straight into the eyes, the interviewer tried to explore the mind of the candidate.

Barking loudly at the intruder, the dog woke up everybody in the colony.

Both staring and barking happened in the past.

Incidentally, it may also be remembered that a 'verb-ed, called a past- participle verbal need not indicate pastiness.

Targeted by many aspirants of MBA course, GMAT is a benchmark test.

Situated at the banks of the river Yamuna, and visited by hundreds of thousands of tourists each year, the Taj Mahal is an important milestone in the History tourism of India.


Quote:
3. By 1940, the pilot Jacqueline Cochran held seventeen official national and international speed records, earning them at a time that aviation was still so new for many of the planes she flew to be of dangerously experimental design.
“Earning” is not the action brought by verb - “held”


“Earning” is not the action broughtabout by the verb - “held” -- it is certainly not the action of the verb held. How can a verb earn records? It is the Jacque's holding that earned the records. We must not isolate the action from its doer in adverbial modifiers.
Manager
Manager
Joined: 27 Jun 2019
Posts: 50
Own Kudos [?]: 7 [0]
Given Kudos: 167
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
sivasanjeev wrote:
Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica.


(A) Arctic terns, being true long distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

(B) Arctic terns are true long distance migrants, nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

(C) Being that they are true long distance migrants, arctic terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

(D) Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long distant migrants

(E) True long distance migrants, arctic terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe




egmat
Hi Team Egmat. Could you please help me understand what is the role of the word being in the sentence. Is it incorrect because it is a modifier here?
Director
Director
Joined: 29 Apr 2019
Status:Learning
Posts: 748
Own Kudos [?]: 583 [0]
Given Kudos: 49
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
Correct Option : E

sentence exam on :
1. modifier
2. usage of "BUT"

True long distance migrants, arctic terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica

1. Modifer : True long distance migrants - Arctic Terns
2. BUT - conjuction used to introduce a phrase or clause contrasting with what has already been mentioned

clause 1 : arctic terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe
clause 2 : fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Feb 2020
Posts: 385
Own Kudos [?]: 41 [0]
Given Kudos: 433
Location: India
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
EducationAisle
Sir,
Why is the usage of Comma+verb-ing incorrect in option B?
What is the meaning that is being conveyed in this one.
Please share your two cents.
CEO
CEO
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 3685
Own Kudos [?]: 3530 [1]
Given Kudos: 149
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Expert Reply
krndatta wrote:
EducationAisle
Sir,
Why is the usage of Comma+verb-ing incorrect in option B?
What is the meaning that is being conveyed in this one.
Please share your two cents.

More than this being strictly an issue with present participial phrase, a big issue is the absence of parallelism in B.

Notice the structure in B:

...nesting but fly....

At the very least, following would have been better:

...nesting but flying....
User avatar
Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 17368
Own Kudos [?]: 852 [0]
Given Kudos: 0
Send PM
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal [#permalink]
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6936 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
238 posts