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Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal

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Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Apr 2019, 04:30
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D
E

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Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica.


(A) Arctic terns, being true long distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

(B) Arctic terns are true long distance migrants, nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

(C) Being that they are true long distance migrants, arctic terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

(D) Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long distant migrants

(E) True long distance migrants, arctic terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

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What are modifiers ??

Originally posted by sivasanjeev on 26 Jan 2014, 00:09.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Apr 2019, 04:30, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2014, 18:19
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A. Arctic terns, being true long distance migrants , they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe Containing two subjects - Arctic terns and they - is not grammatically correct.
B. Arctic terns are true long distance migrants, nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe Two predicates are not parallel - nesting...and fly...; furthermore, by making the modifier the predicate, the sentence no longer has the same meaning and is somewhat illogical because of the "but" conjunction
C. Being that they are true long distance migrants, arctic terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe "Being that they are" is redundant
D. Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long distant migrants The predicate is illogical because of the "but" conjunction
E. True long distance migrants, arctic terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe OK - A possible trap is that the sentence is inverted.
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2014, 23:28
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GOOD question.

At first I chose D and then when I saw the OA, I realized I was wrong. I just felt it was not right about the modify in E. Personally I'm not a native speaker.

However,D is wrong because the predicate isn't parallel. Thxs mejia401.
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2016, 17:07
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Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe[/u] but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica.

A Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

Duplication of subject 'Arctic terns' and 'they' + being true long distance is wordy.

B Arctics ternes are true long-distance migrants, nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe,

Wrong modification + wrong parallelism between 'nesting' and 'fly'. Indep. clause must be parallel Indep. clause and same for modifiers.

C Being that they are true long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

'Being that...' is wordy to describe the terns as long-distance migrants.

D Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long-distance migrants

Although grammatically correct, the meaning is altered. The sentence aims at contradicting the 'nesting and in coastal wetlands' and 'fly long miles'

E True long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe

Right modifier and conveys the right contradiction.
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2016, 20:08
Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica.

A Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - 2 subjects - Arctic terns and they . Being is awkward here
B Arctics terns are true long-distance migrants, nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, - Wrong modification using Verb- ing . Illogical sentence - usage of but
C Being that they are true long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - Being that they are is redundant and awkward
D Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long-distance migrants - Grammatically correct , but illogical meaning -because of the "but" conjunction
E True long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - Correct

Answer E
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2017, 03:04
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Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica

The basic parallelism we need to search here for correct option is using the keyword in the non-underlined part, i.e. fly
Contenders : (A),(C) & (E).
PoE :
(A) : pronoun "they" is placed far away from "Arctic terns" to which it is referring. Also, the use of "being" is awkward here.
(C) : Although the modifier is placed at correct position, "Being that they are" is wordy construction.
(E) : Proper usage of modifier and follows parallelism (nest ... fly)

Ans: E
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2019, 23:42
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The Algorithm for solving this problem is:
1. First, remove the choices using 'being' as a modifier. A and C are gone.
D is antithetical in saying that the birds are long-distance migrants but travel thousands of miles.
B. the IC after 'but' is not parallel to the present participle modifier phrase starting with nesting.
This leaves us with just E, which is error free.
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2019, 22:02
adverbial is the phrase, or word that modifies the main action in the main clause. adverbials can be realized by a noun, an adverb, an adjective phrase, doing-phrase, or do-ed phrase.

in our OA, choice E, a noun phrase works as an adverbial

the meaning of adverbial can be, reason, effect, context and method of the main action.
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 09:45
it is hard to realize weather an adverb can be fit to its main clause. gmat exploit this point on many sc questions.

in many case, the adverb can not be fit logically to the main clause.

in choice b and d, nesting... , an adverb, is not fit logically to the main clause "terns are immigrant".
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Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2019, 06:14
Skywalker18 wrote:
Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe but fly south for thousands of miles to spend the European winters in Antarctica.

A Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - 2 subjects - Arctic terns and they . Being is awkward here
B Arctics terns are true long-distance migrants, nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, - Wrong modification using Verb- ing . Illogical sentence - usage of but
C Being that they are true long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - Being that they are is redundant and awkward
D Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long-distance migrants - Grammatically correct , but illogical meaning -because of the "but" conjunction
E True long-distance migrants, arctics terns nest in coastal wetlands of northern Europe - Correct

Answer E


1. Can we eliminate option D based on "it implies that arctic terns are NESTING at the same time as they are MIGRANTS -- a nonsensical meaning."(BTG forum explanation )?
2. Does verb-ing always needs to be Contemporaneous Action(at the same time)?

3. By 1940, the pilot Jacqueline Cochran held seventeen official national and international speed records, earning them at a time that aviation was still so new for many of the
planes she flew to be of dangerously experimental design.
“Earning” is not the action brought by verb - “held”
But I read (in one of the discussions in GMAT Club) that verb-ing need not always be a result of the main clause action but it can also be the cause? So wouldn't earning act as a cause for action 'held'?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyTargetTestPrep , DmitryFarber , VeritasKarishma , generis , EducationAisle , daagh ,other experts - please enlighten
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2019, 08:00
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Quote:
1. Can we eliminate option D based on "it implies that arctic terns are NESTING at the same time as they are MIGRANTS -- a nonsensical meaning." (BTG forum explanation )?


Nesting in coastal wetlands of northern Europe, arctic terns are true long-distance migrants

Nesting in the context is not a verb but simply a verbal known as present participle. It could also be a gerund under very different contexts without a sense of finite tense to it. Let me give some examples.

Sleeping undisturbed in the night, Tom was ready to take up GMAT -- Does it mean he slept undisturbed and took the exam at the same time. NO.

Listening to the melodious songs of Asha, Tom dozed off on the couch.
Can we ask here how he dozed off and still was listening?



Quote:
2. Does verb-ing always need to be Contemporaneous Action(at the same time)?

No. No. No. In that case what about was listening, has been listening. Would be listening, will be listening. What adds sense of tense is actually the auxiliary verb 'be' or 'was' or 'is' or 'are'.

Staring straight into the eyes, the interviewer tried to explore the mind of the candidate.

Barking loudly at the intruder, the dog woke up everybody in the colony.

Both staring and barking happened in the past.

Incidentally, it may also be remembered that a 'verb-ed, called a past- participle verbal need not indicate pastiness.

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Quote:
3. By 1940, the pilot Jacqueline Cochran held seventeen official national and international speed records, earning them at a time that aviation was still so new for many of the planes she flew to be of dangerously experimental design.
“Earning” is not the action brought by verb - “held”


“Earning” is not the action broughtabout by the verb - “held” -- it is certainly not the action of the verb held. How can a verb earn records? It is the Jacque's holding that earned the records. We must not isolate the action from its doer in adverbial modifiers.
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Re: Arctic terns, being true long-distance migrants, they nest in coastal   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2019, 08:00
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