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# Because of the enormous research and development

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Senior Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2006
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Schools: St Gallen, Cambridge, HEC Montreal
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Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2007, 01:54
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Question Stats:

77% (01:19) correct 23% (00:49) wrong based on 56 sessions

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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms' survival

I have the solution, but don't understand it.

Cheers,

L.
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
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Re: SC - Disclosed Test25 - Question 12 [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2007, 02:01
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lumone wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms' survival

I have the solution, but don't understand it.

Cheers,

L.

B.

"Such firms" needs a reference, so eliminate a, c, d, e.
E. is eliminated because it does not introduce "firms" as an object.

Such as when we say "Jane's kite is red, although she loves it." the only object "she" can point to is Kite, not Jane.
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Re: SC - Disclosed Test25 - Question 12 [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2007, 02:09
JingChan wrote:
lumone wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms' survival

I have the solution, but don't understand it.

Cheers,

L.

B.

"Such firms" needs a reference, so eliminate a, c, d, e.
E. is eliminated because it does not introduce "firms" as an object.

Such as when we say "Jane's kite is red, although she loves it." the only object "she" can point to is Kite, not Jane.

=>> I am sure answer is B or E, because "Such firms" needs reference to firms.

In B - required of firms to survive => here required of sound weired.
E - sounds correct.
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Re: SC - Disclosed Test25 - Question 12 [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2007, 02:34
yash500 wrote:
=>> I am sure answer is B or E, because "Such firms" needs reference to firms.

In B - required of firms to survive => here required of sound weired.
E - sounds correct.

Such firms does not have a clear reference in E.

Simplified Passage-
Because of the R&D required for firm's survival in the electronics industry such firms tend to be very large.

"firm's survival" can be replaced by "survival"; once this happens, we see the sentence fall apart:

Because of the R&D required for survival in the electronics industry such firms tend to be very large.
Manager
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Re: SC - Disclosed Test25 - Question 12 [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2007, 03:03
yash500 wrote:

Anytime, hope I helped.
Manager
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Re: SC - Disclosed Test25 - Question 12 [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2007, 03:18
JingChan wrote:
yash500 wrote:

Anytime, hope I helped.

Indeed you helped me henceforth for such kind of problem I will remember the style you told me.
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Re: SC - Disclosed Test25 - Question 12 [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2007, 10:08
lumone wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms' survival

I have the solution, but don't understand it.

Cheers,

L.

Everything else but B is crappy. I don't really like B either.

The correct idiom is usually required by or requirments of.
Senior Manager
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12 Oct 2007, 11:37

I don't really like (B) either, but it is the right answer.
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Re: SC - Disclosed Test25 - Question 12 [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2011, 23:08
My ans was E , but after looking at the explainations I am convinced B is better
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2014, 22:03
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2016, 19:37
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 09:30
this expenditure is required of you to survive.

is required of somebody to do something

this pattern is not popular and we can not realize this pattern. I do not this pattern. I do not see this pattern formal english. it is hard to digest this pattern .

to solve this problem , we use meaning/logic thinking. such firms requires "firms" at the beginning. so only b is correct.
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2016, 09:30
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