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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required

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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2014, 08:56
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a13ssandra wrote:
Can someone please explain why B is correct. Isn't it wordy and unidiomatic.

I chose A


Dear a13ssandra,

Even I thought that choice B is wrong and unidiomatic, but alas, that's how 700 level question trick us.

Here's the reason:

Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

If you give heed to "Such Firms", you would realize that it has no reference to any type of "firms", but since the word Such is used, it means that, there should be a reference to firms, and that should precede Such Firms .

Only answer choices B & E include reference to Firm.

But E is about Firm's Survival and not firm, moreover, a phrase such as, for firms' survival is unidiomatic and unacceptable in GMAT.

So B is the answer.

Hope that helps you.
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2015, 00:11
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No, the problem above is different. In the SC, we are talking about the expenditures that are required of firms. Why are these expenditures required? To survive.

In the sentence you cited, "she" requires something of her friend, but she doesn't require it in order to work. In other words, she is not doing the working. Since the idea being expressed here is much simpler, we should use a simpler form: "She requires her friend to work."
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2016, 08:04
og explanation said that "such firm" need "firm" not "firms'".

but og explanation sometime is INCORRECT.

required for something
is not idiomatic
I think.

do you agree with me ?
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2016, 17:21
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thangvietnam wrote:
og explanation said that "such firm" need "firm" not "firms'".

but og explanation sometime is INCORRECT.

required for something
is not idiomatic
I think.

do you agree with me ?


Hi thangvietnam,

Let us recollect the pronoun rule: A possessive noun is not a good antecedent of a pronoun. e.g.,

The teacher is rechecking John's research thesis to determine whether he has used his original idea.

John's is not a good antecedent for he because of the above rule.

Please note that the word such combined with a noun is used to refer to an antecedent mentioned previously. The antecedent in this case also should preferably not be in possessive. For this reason the possessive firms' is a poor antecedent of such firms.

Is this explanation satisfactory?
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Mar 2017, 01:52
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

'Such firms' need a reference in the sentence. hence, only B fits in here.
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2018, 19:30
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required &nbs [#permalink] 12 Sep 2018, 19:30

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