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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required

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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Oct 2017, 17:19
4
18
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

44% (00:37) correct 56% (00:48) wrong based on 511 sessions

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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

A. to survive
B. of firms to survive
C. for surviving
D. for survival
E. for firms' survival

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Originally posted by UmangMathur on 12 Oct 2014, 07:49.
Last edited by hazelnut on 10 Oct 2017, 17:19, edited 1 time in total.
Added the source.
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2014, 08:35
Can someone please explain why B is correct. Isn't it wordy and unidiomatic.

I chose A
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2014, 08:56
12
2
a13ssandra wrote:
Can someone please explain why B is correct. Isn't it wordy and unidiomatic.

I chose A


Dear a13ssandra,

Even I thought that choice B is wrong and unidiomatic, but alas, that's how 700 level question trick us.

Here's the reason:

Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

If you give heed to "Such Firms", you would realize that it has no reference to any type of "firms", but since the word Such is used, it means that, there should be a reference to firms, and that should precede Such Firms .

Only answer choices B & E include reference to Firm.

But E is about Firm's Survival and not firm, moreover, a phrase such as, for firms' survival is unidiomatic and unacceptable in GMAT.

So B is the answer.

Hope that helps you.
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2014, 09:17
yeah that's right !! because of "such firms" we need an explicit mention of the noun "firms"
BTW what is the source?
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2014, 10:34
1
aditya8062 wrote:
yeah that's right !! because of "such firms" we need an explicit mention of the noun "firms"
BTW what is the source?


Dear aditya8062,

The source seems to be OG10.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/og- ... -t121.html
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2016, 11:51
Just to add on
,with require ,to+ construction is favoured.
So B is better choice than E
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2016, 08:04
og explanation said that "such firm" need "firm" not "firms'".

but og explanation sometime is INCORRECT.

required for something
is not idiomatic
I think.

do you agree with me ?
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2016, 17:21
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3
thangvietnam wrote:
og explanation said that "such firm" need "firm" not "firms'".

but og explanation sometime is INCORRECT.

required for something
is not idiomatic
I think.

do you agree with me ?


Hi thangvietnam,

Let us recollect the pronoun rule: A possessive noun is not a good antecedent of a pronoun. e.g.,

The teacher is rechecking John's research thesis to determine whether he has used his original idea.

John's is not a good antecedent for he because of the above rule.

Please note that the word such combined with a noun is used to refer to an antecedent mentioned previously. The antecedent in this case also should preferably not be in possessive. For this reason the possessive firms' is a poor antecedent of such firms.

Is this explanation satisfactory?
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2017, 09:06
We can eliminate A,C,D because such firms does not have any antecedent in the sentence. Between B and E, E uses the possessive firms' survival which cannot be the antecedent. So answer has to be (B).
Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required   [#permalink] 23 Apr 2017, 09:06
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