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# Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required

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Manager
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 202
Location: India
Schools: IIMC (A)
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 2.6
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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Updated on: 10 Oct 2017, 17:19
4
18
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

44% (00:37) correct 56% (00:48) wrong based on 511 sessions

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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

A. to survive
B. of firms to survive
C. for surviving
D. for survival
E. for firms' survival

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Originally posted by UmangMathur on 12 Oct 2014, 07:49.
Last edited by hazelnut on 10 Oct 2017, 17:19, edited 1 time in total.
Intern
Joined: 10 Jun 2014
Posts: 23
Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2014, 08:35
Can someone please explain why B is correct. Isn't it wordy and unidiomatic.

I chose A
Manager
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 202
Location: India
Schools: IIMC (A)
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 2.6
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2014, 08:56
12
2
a13ssandra wrote:
Can someone please explain why B is correct. Isn't it wordy and unidiomatic.

I chose A

Dear a13ssandra,

Even I thought that choice B is wrong and unidiomatic, but alas, that's how 700 level question trick us.

Here's the reason:

Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

If you give heed to "Such Firms", you would realize that it has no reference to any type of "firms", but since the word Such is used, it means that, there should be a reference to firms, and that should precede Such Firms .

Only answer choices B & E include reference to Firm.

But E is about Firm's Survival and not firm, moreover, a phrase such as, for firms' survival is unidiomatic and unacceptable in GMAT.

Hope that helps you.
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Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 783
Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2014, 09:17
yeah that's right !! because of "such firms" we need an explicit mention of the noun "firms"
BTW what is the source?
Manager
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 202
Location: India
Schools: IIMC (A)
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 2.6
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2014, 10:34
1
yeah that's right !! because of "such firms" we need an explicit mention of the noun "firms"
BTW what is the source?

The source seems to be OG10.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/og- ... -t121.html
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Senior Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2014
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GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.76
Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2016, 11:51
,with require ,to+ construction is favoured.
So B is better choice than E
VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1189
Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2016, 08:04
og explanation said that "such firm" need "firm" not "firms'".

but og explanation sometime is INCORRECT.

required for something
is not idiomatic
I think.

do you agree with me ?
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Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3200
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2016, 17:21
6
3
thangvietnam wrote:
og explanation said that "such firm" need "firm" not "firms'".

but og explanation sometime is INCORRECT.

required for something
is not idiomatic
I think.

do you agree with me ?

Hi thangvietnam,

Let us recollect the pronoun rule: A possessive noun is not a good antecedent of a pronoun. e.g.,

The teacher is rechecking John's research thesis to determine whether he has used his original idea.

John's is not a good antecedent for he because of the above rule.

Please note that the word such combined with a noun is used to refer to an antecedent mentioned previously. The antecedent in this case also should preferably not be in possessive. For this reason the possessive firms' is a poor antecedent of such firms.

Is this explanation satisfactory?
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2017, 09:06
We can eliminate A,C,D because such firms does not have any antecedent in the sentence. Between B and E, E uses the possessive firms' survival which cannot be the antecedent. So answer has to be (B).
Re: Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required   [#permalink] 23 Apr 2017, 09:06
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