GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 12 Dec 2019, 13:54

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59712
Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2019, 02:42
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (02:00) correct 41% (01:38) wrong based on 115 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Competition Mode Question



Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.


A. Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.

B. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation in protracted space flight, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy, which is brought on by weightlessness.

C. In protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought about through weightlessness.

D. Besides the obvious hazards of protracted space flight, which include meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with another problem, which is the muscle atrophy that occurs after an extended period of weightlessness.

E. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts in protracted space flight also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought on by weightlessness.

_________________
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 10 Apr 2018
Posts: 281
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 680 Q48 V34
GPA: 3.3
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 14 Oct 2019, 03:30
1
Quote:
Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.


A. Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.

B. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation in protracted space flight, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy, which is brought on by weightlessness.

C. In protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought about through weightlessness.

D. Besides the obvious hazards of protracted space flight, which include meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with another problem, which is the muscle atrophy that occurs after an extended period of weightlessness.

E. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts in protracted space flight also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought on by weightlessness.



Error Analysis:

1. "Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight" illogically modifies "astronauts".
2. The way sentence is structured, it implies that not only "weightlessness" but also "the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation" cause "muscle atrophy".

Process of Elimination:

A. Wrong. As explained in Error Analysis.
B. Wrong. "protracted space flight" illogically describes "hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation" in place of "astronauts".
C. Wrong. "through weightlessness" makes incorrect sense. Instead, "by" should be used instead before "weightlessness".
D. Wrong. Same error as in option B. Also, this option is wordy.
E. Correct.

Originally posted by iamsiddharthkapoor on 14 Oct 2019, 03:24.
Last edited by iamsiddharthkapoor on 14 Oct 2019, 03:30, edited 1 time in total.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 01 Mar 2019
Posts: 338
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Social Entrepreneurship
Schools: Ross '22, ISB '20, NUS '20
GPA: 4
Reviews Badge
Re: Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2019, 03:30
1
in protracted space flights....described the astronauts which is correctly conveyed in (E)

OA:E

Posted from my mobile device
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5199
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2019, 04:04
2
Top Contributor
Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.

In this question, the phrase in protracted space flight chiefly modifies astronauts engaged in long trips and those terms should always place close to each other. Similarly, muscle atrophy is brought on by weightlessness and those two phrases should be placed close.

A. Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy. -- wrong modification as if the astronauts have been brought on by weightlessness.

B. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation in protracted space flight, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy, which is brought on by weightlessness.-- The hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation do not occur in protracted space flight. They are there even without the space flight, protracted or otherwise.

C. In protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought about through weightlessness. -- 1. 'Brought about through' is a wrong idiom. It should be 'brought on by'.2.The initial modifier 'in protracted space flight. Wrongly modifies the hazards of meteors, debris, and radiation.

D. Besides the obvious hazards of protracted space flight, which include meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with another problem, which is the muscle atrophy that occurs after an extended period of weightlessness. -- 'Protracted space flight' faultily modifies the hazards. 2. Muscle atrophy 'that occurs after an extended period of weightlessness' is wordy.

E. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts in protracted space flight also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought on by weightlessness. --- E is crisp, and straight, the best among all.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 07 Mar 2019
Posts: 456
Location: India
GMAT 1: 580 Q43 V27
WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities)
CAT Tests
Re: Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2019, 04:37
1
Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.

Here "Brought ... flight" seems to modify 'besides' which is wrong.

A. Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy. - WRONG.

B. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation in protracted space flight, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy, which is brought on by weightlessness. - WRONG. Weightlessness in space flight causes muscle atrophy and using 'brought' does not signify the same meaning.

C. In protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought about through weightlessness. - WRONG. The sentence changes the meaning as if in long space flights all other mentioned hazards also occur when sentence means to say that long duration causes muscle atrophy. Also 'brought about through' suggests that something brought the muscle atrophy which is meant to be brought on by weightlessness.

D. Besides the obvious hazards of protracted space flight, which include meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with another problem, which is the muscle atrophy that occurs after an extended period of weightlessness. - WRONG. 'which' modifies flight which is incorrect. Besides the wordiness loses focus to communicate meaning.

E. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts in protracted space flight also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought on by weightlessness. - CORRECT. Hazards are listed correctly. Prepositional phrase 'protracted space flight' modifies astronauts correctly.

IMO Answer E.
_________________
Ephemeral Epiphany..!

GMATPREP1 590(Q48,V23) March 6, 2019
GMATPREP2 610(Q44,V29) June 10, 2019
GMATPREPSoft1 680(Q48,V35) June 26, 2019
Director
Director
avatar
P
Joined: 24 Nov 2016
Posts: 963
Location: United States
Re: Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2019, 04:56
1
Quote:
Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.

A. Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.
B. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation in protracted space flight, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy, which is brought on by weightlessness.
C. In protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought about through weightlessness.
D. Besides the obvious hazards of protracted space flight, which include meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with another problem, which is the muscle atrophy that occurs after an extended period of weightlessness.
E. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts in protracted space flight also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought on by weightlessness.


MEANING: Besides the usual dangers [examples]… astronauts in long space travels also have to deal with muscle atrophy.

A. "brought on…" seems to mod the types of "hazards", but the intent is to modify "muscle atrophy", not "besides…", misplaced mod and unintended;
B. "radiation in protracted space flight" the prepositional phrase should be mod "astronauts", they are the ones traveling in space, misplaced mod; also, "which is…" imps a non-essential modifier, not the case, unintended;
C. "in space flight, besides" misplaced mod; "brought about through" nonsense;
D. "another problem, which" this should be a vital modifier, without "which" and commas; "space flight" does not include meteors, misplaced mod; "which include" is unidiomatic, if you want to list something, use "such as" or "including";

Answer (E)
Director
Director
avatar
P
Joined: 18 May 2019
Posts: 550
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2019, 05:23
1
The correct answer is E in my view.

Options A, C, and D have dangling modifiers.

Option B also has a modification error by suggesting that hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation are in protracted space flights. This is not the intended meaning. It is the astronauts who are in protracted space flight.

Option E however clearly corrects the modification errors in A, C, and D. In addition, in protracted space flight correctly modifies astronauts per the intended meaning. It is Astronauts in protracted space flight that face hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiations.
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59712
Re: Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2019, 21:33
Bunuel wrote:

Competition Mode Question



Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.


A. Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy.

B. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation in protracted space flight, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy, which is brought on by weightlessness.

C. In protracted space flight, besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought about through weightlessness.

D. Besides the obvious hazards of protracted space flight, which include meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts also have to deal with another problem, which is the muscle atrophy that occurs after an extended period of weightlessness.

E. Besides the obvious hazards of meteors, rocky debris, and radiation, astronauts in protracted space flight also have to deal with muscle atrophy brought on by weightlessness.


Official Explanation



Correct Answer: E

Choices a, b, and c misplace the modifier in protracted space flight, which should follow astronauts, and a also misplaces brought on by weightlessness, which should follow atrophy. Choice c also makes an error in the idiom brought on by. Choice d is wordy.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2019, 21:33
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Brought on by weightlessness in protracted space flight, besides the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne