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# Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing patter

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Re: Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing patter  [#permalink]

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10 May 2019, 01:37
hazelnut wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 198

Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing pattern unique to each one.

(A) displaying a wing pattern unique to each one
(B) displaying a unique wing pattern in each
(C) each uniquely displaying a wing pattern
(D) each of which displays a unique wing pattern
(E) each of which uniquely displays a wing pattern

regarding choice A and B.
displaying refer to butterflies. this is wrong. it should refers to species.
second error is that
if displaying refer to butterflies, we need add "each".
each displaying a unique wing pattern.
the butterflied each display a unique wing pattern
without "each", sentence is not logic because all butterflied can not display a unique wing pattern.
this is the second error.
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Re: Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing patter  [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2019, 09:00
1
daagh wrote:
Tthe wing pattern is unique whereas E says that the display is unique

hI daagh !!!!!

1. iN D, each of which is acting as a subject and sdsiplays is the verb. Then how can we jon two independent clauses without semi colon or FANBOYS. Is this a dependent clause or a relative clause ?

2. In C , each of which displaying ... This is absolute phrase . Per my understanding, besides wrong placement of unique, there is nothing wrong in the absolute phrase.

Am i correct with my above contentions ? Kindly enlighten

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Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing patter  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2019, 04:33
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Top Contributor
Quote:
Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing pattern unique to each one.

(A) displaying a wing pattern unique to each one
(B) displaying a unique wing pattern in each
(C) each uniquely displaying a wing pattern
(D) each of which displays a unique wing pattern
(E) each of which uniquely displays a wing pattern

Quote:
Shank wrote

1. iN D, each of which is acting as a subject and sdsiplays is the verb. Then how can we jon two independent clauses without semi colon or FANBOYS. Is this a dependent clause or a relative clause?

2. In C , each of which displaying ... This is absolute phrase . Per my understanding, besides wrong placement of unique, there is nothing wrong in the absolute phrase.

Am i correct with my above contentions ? Kindly enlighten

1. 'Each of which displays a unique wing pattern' -This is a relative clause and not an IC. Each is a noun but because of the inclusion of the relative pronoun, it becomes the subject of a relative clause. and has now necessarily to fall back on whatever the word, 'which' refers to. We cannot join a relative clause by a semicolon or fanboys with the main clause. This is the structure of a complex sentence.
2. A wrong word error is unacceptable in GMAT, if it changes the original intent. Hence, we have to consign C to the bin.
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Re: Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing patter  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2019, 05:01
daagh wrote:
Quote:
Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing pattern unique to each one.

(A) displaying a wing pattern unique to each one
(B) displaying a unique wing pattern in each
(C) each uniquely displaying a wing pattern
(D) each of which displays a unique wing pattern
(E) each of which uniquely displays a wing pattern

Quote:
Shank wrote

1. iN D, each of which is acting as a subject and sdsiplays is the verb. Then how can we jon two independent clauses without semi colon or FANBOYS. Is this a dependent clause or a relative clause?

2. In C , each of which displaying ... This is absolute phrase . Per my understanding, besides wrong placement of unique, there is nothing wrong in the absolute phrase.

Am i correct with my above contentions ? Kindly enlighten

1. 'Each of which displays a unique wing pattern' -This is a relative clause and not an IC. Each is a noun but because of the inclusion of the relative pronoun, it becomes the subject of a relative clause. and has now necessarily to fall back on whatever the word, 'which' refers to. We cannot join a relative clause by a semicolon or fanboys with the main clause. This is the structure of a complex sentence.
2. A wrong word error is unacceptable in GMAT, if it changes the original intent. Hence, we have to consign C to the bin.

Got it !! Thank you so much for prompt reply dear sir

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing patter  [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2019, 03:59
Hello All,

From my error log:

General Rule:
,verbing modifier provides generic info about the action, how aspect of the action, or effect/result of the action.
,verbing modifier associates itself with the subject of the preceding clause.
In the above sentence:
,displaying is modifying butterflies however butterflies are not the doers of this action. The sentence intends to say butterflies have a unique wing pattern. Hence usage of –verbing is incorrect.
Correct option D

Is my understanding/reasoning correct? Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing patter  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2020, 09:27
Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing pattern unique to each one.

(A) displaying a wing pattern unique to each one
(B) displaying a unique wing pattern in each
(C) each uniquely displaying a wing pattern
(D) each of which displays a unique wing pattern
(E) each of which uniquely displays a wing pattern

The verb-ing modifier may provide a general description of the preceding clause but it doesn't make sense to say that the butterflies display a wing pattern unique to each one. It is the different species that do the action of displaying a wing pattern. A is incorrect.

B. The same error as A. 'in each' seems to indicate that the butterflies display a unique wing pattern in each species. This is illogical.

C. the action of displaying is not unique. The wing pattern is unique.

E. usage of a noun+noun modifier instead of a verb-ing modifier is correct. But the action of displaying is not unique. The wing pattern is unique.
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Re: Butterflies come in more than 17,000 species, displaying a wing patter   [#permalink] 25 Jan 2020, 09:27

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