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Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they prom

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Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they prom  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 00:57
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

36% (02:09) correct 64% (02:41) wrong based on 225 sessions

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Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they promptly did, all but their most profitable routes, the government’s decision to cease regulation of the airline industry has worked to the disadvantage of everyone who lacks access to large metropolitan airport.

Industry representative: On the contrary, where major airlines moved out, regional airlines have moved in and, as a consequence, there are more flights into and out of most small airports now than before the change in regulatory policy.

The industry representative’s argument will not provide an effective answer to the consumer activist’s claim unless which one of the following is true?


(A) No small airport has fewer flights now than it did before the change in policy regarding regulation of the airline industry.

(B) When permitted to do so by changes in regulatory policy, each major airline abandoned all but large metropolitan airports.

(C) Policies that result in an increase in the number of flights to which consumers have easy access do not generally work to the disadvantage of consumers.

(D) Regional airlines charge less to fly a given route now than the major airlines charged when they flew the same route.

(E) Any policy that leads to an increase in the number of competitors in a given field works to the long-term advantage of consumers.


Spoiler: :: OE
(C)
The consumer activist complains that deregulating major airlines has worked to the disadvantage of everyone who doesn’t have easy access to a major airport. The industry representative counters that, on the contrary, thanks to regional airlines, there are now more regular flights out of most small airports than there used to be. Do you see the problem, in the form of the scope shift? The activist is talking about “disadvantage” and the representative is talking about “number of flights.” We need something to connect those ideas, and we find it in (C).

(A) is too strong. The representative doesn’t have to make such an absolute claim in order to rebut the activist’s claim that everyone without access to a major airport has suffered.

(B) sounds like the evidence from the consumer activist’s argument (or at least something that’s implied by this evidence), but is not crucial to the validity of the industry representative’s point.

(D) The representative refutes the activist’s claim of “disadvantage” by pointing out the increased number of flights. “Cost” is outside the scope, and so certainly isn’t relied upon in the representative’s argument.

(E) is too general; the representative needn’t assume that an increase in competitors is always a long-term advantage. Moreover, it’s not even clear that there has been any increase in the total number of airlines.

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Re: Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they prom  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 11:03
Question Type: We have to weaken the Industry representative's argument

Consumer activist: Govt.'s regulation is a disadvantage to consumers
Industry representative: Takes a contrary stance and says that its not a disadvantage to consumers

(A) No small airport has fewer flights now than it did before the change in policy regarding regulation of the airline industry. - This strengthens the Industry representative's argument

(B) When permitted to do so by changes in regulatory policy, each major airline abandoned all but large metropolitan airports. - Doesn't affect the industry representative's argument.

(C) Policies that result in an increase in the number of flights to which consumers have easy access do not generally work to the disadvantage of consumers. - Correct. This option attacks the industry representative's point. Its a disadvantage to consumers now because that there are more flights into and out of regional airports.

(D) Regional airlines charge less to fly a given route now than the major airlines charged when they flew the same route. - Strengthens the industry representative's claim.

(E) Any policy that leads to an increase in the number of competitors in a given field works to the long-term advantage of consumers. - Same as D.

Answer: C
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Re: Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they prom  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 11:30
Vyshak wrote:
Question Type: We have to weaken the Industry representative's argument

Consumer activist: Govt.'s regulation is a disadvantage to consumers
Industry representative: Takes a contrary stance and says that its not a disadvantage to consumers

(A) No small airport has fewer flights now than it did before the change in policy regarding regulation of the airline industry. - This strengthens the Industry representative's argument

(B) When permitted to do so by changes in regulatory policy, each major airline abandoned all but large metropolitan airports. - Doesn't affect the industry representative's argument.

(C) Policies that result in an increase in the number of flights to which consumers have easy access do not generally work to the disadvantage of consumers. - Correct. This option attacks the industry representative's point. Its a disadvantage to consumers now because that there are more flights into and out of regional airports.

(D) Regional airlines charge less to fly a given route now than the major airlines charged when they flew the same route. - Strengthens the industry representative's claim.

(E) Any policy that leads to an increase in the number of competitors in a given field works to the long-term advantage of consumers. - Same as D.

Answer: C


hi Vyshak

isnt one have to weaken Consumer activist argument??

thanks..
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Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they prom  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 11:45
The industry representative’s argument will not provide an effective answer to the consumer activist’s claim
Red colored part above gives us an indication that we have to weaken the industry representative's argument.

The industry representative’s argument will not provide an effective answer to the consumer activist’s claim unless which one of the following is true? --> We can reframe this as 'Which of the following option has to be true so that the industry representative would not be to be able to provide an effective answer to the consumer activist's claim'

rohit8865 wrote:

hi Vyshak

isnt one have to weaken Consumer activist argument??

thanks..
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Re: Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they prom  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 11:04
I read the stimulus like this:

What answer below do we need to strengthen the rep's argument to validate for the consumer to buy into.
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Re: Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they prom  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 10:45
Here is my understanding

Consumer activist – New policy has worked to the disadvantage of everyone who lacks access to large M.A.
Industry Rep- New Policy has worked to the advantage of everyone.

A) But is it profitable for everyone? It is not talking about advantage or disadvantage of consumer.
B) Out
C) Increase in the number of flights-Easy access- No disadvantage for consumer - Correct
D) Charges are less- is it easily accessible
E) Out of scope
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Re: Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they prom  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2018, 09:06
Vyshak wrote:
Question Type: We have to weaken the Industry representative's argument

Consumer activist: Govt.'s regulation is a disadvantage to consumers
Industry representative: Takes a contrary stance and says that its not a disadvantage to consumers

(A) No small airport has fewer flights now than it did before the change in policy regarding regulation of the airline industry. - This strengthens the Industry representative's argument

(B) When permitted to do so by changes in regulatory policy, each major airline abandoned all but large metropolitan airports. - Doesn't affect the industry representative's argument.

(C) Policies that result in an increase in the number of flights to which consumers have easy access do not generally work to the disadvantage of consumers. - Correct. This option attacks the industry representative's point. Its a disadvantage to consumers now because that there are more flights into and out of regional airports.

(D) Regional airlines charge less to fly a given route now than the major airlines charged when they flew the same route. - Strengthens the industry representative's claim.

(E) Any policy that leads to an increase in the number of competitors in a given field works to the long-term advantage of consumers. - Same as D.

Answer: C


Vyshyak, thanks for your reasoning.

But how does option C attack the industry representative's claim?
This policy was a reason to move more flights to regional airports. And customers have an easy access to them. This policy does not work for disadvantage. ----> Strengthens.
Where am I not right?
Re: Consumer activist: By allowing major airlines to abandon, as they prom &nbs [#permalink] 20 May 2018, 09:06
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