Summer is Coming! Join the Game of Timers Competition to Win Epic Prizes. Registration is Open. Game starts Mon July 1st.

It is currently 18 Jul 2019, 22:59

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 May 2012
Posts: 12
Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 May 2012, 03:07
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

89% (00:54) correct 11% (01:02) wrong based on 158 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics


Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing U.S. market share to lower-cost rivals from Japan and South Korea, which are gaining ground even while offering smaller discounts.


A. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing

B. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers are losing

C. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers lost

D. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers continuing to lose

E. The Detroit automakers, despite significant discounts, were losing


Why should we use gerund here? Any thoughts?
Thanks!
SVP
SVP
User avatar
G
Status: Top MBA Admissions Consultant
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 1799
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V48
GRE 1: Q800 V740
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 May 2012, 03:41
First, notice that the rest of the sentence is in the present tense, so 'were' in the underlined portion is wrong. Similarly 'lost' (past tense) is wrong.

Between B and D, B is the clear winner as D just leads to an awkward sentence which is grammatically wrong in several places.

B it is.
_________________
GyanOne [www.gyanone.com]| Premium MBA and MiM Admissions Consulting

Awesome Work | Honest Advise | Outstanding Results

Reach Out, Lets chat!
Email: info at gyanone dot com | +91 98998 31738 | Skype: gyanone.services
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 May 2012
Posts: 12
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 May 2012, 05:56
That could be a logic to solve it, so we do not need to chose between noun and gerund. But in principle, can we use gerund here or not?
SVP
SVP
User avatar
G
Status: Top MBA Admissions Consultant
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 1799
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V48
GRE 1: Q800 V740
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 May 2012, 07:19
Yes, you can. In fact, the gerund form is what you will have to use to retain the meaning.
_________________
GyanOne [www.gyanone.com]| Premium MBA and MiM Admissions Consulting

Awesome Work | Honest Advise | Outstanding Results

Reach Out, Lets chat!
Email: info at gyanone dot com | +91 98998 31738 | Skype: gyanone.services
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Oct 2011
Posts: 97
Location: India
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 May 2012, 08:59
malkov wrote:
Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing U.S. market share to lower-cost rivals from Japan and South Korea, which are gaining ground even while offering smaller discounts.


Why should we use gerund here? Any thoughts?
Thanks!


The clue lies in the non-underlined part of the sentence ", which are gaining ....."

A. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing
B. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers are losing
C. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers lost Despite significant discounts cannot modify Detroit automakers.
D. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers continuing to lose : Despite significant discounts cannot modify Detroit automakers.
E. The Detroit automakers, despite significant discounts, were losing Despite significant discounts cannot modify Detroit automakers.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 Apr 2012
Posts: 41
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 May 2012, 09:49
malkov wrote:
Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing U.S. market share to lower-cost rivals from Japan and South Korea, which are gaining ground even while offering smaller discounts.

A. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing
B. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers are losing
C. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers lost
D. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers continuing to lose
E. The Detroit automakers, despite significant discounts, were losing

Why should we use gerund here? Any thoughts?
Thanks!



The question is about using the right tense
the use of continous tense is to show the lost of market share is an ongoing action
the transfer of market share from detroit car makers to Japan and South companies

A wrong sequence of event
should be are losing to match with are gaining
B ok
C parallel structures
D sentence fragment it misses a verb
E as A BUT the adverb clause comes in between

Hope this help

best regards
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Mar 2012
Posts: 102
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT Date: 07-23-2012
WE: Programming (Telecommunications)
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 May 2012, 12:12
option D could be tempting but overall it makes sentence improper to study.
B uses correct tense and makes the meaning clear.
_________________
FOCUS..this is all I need!

Ku-Do!
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 03 Feb 2012
Posts: 10
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 May 2012, 15:30
dvinoth86 wrote:
malkov wrote:
Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing U.S. market share to lower-cost rivals from Japan and South Korea, which are gaining ground even while offering smaller discounts.


Why should we use gerund here? Any thoughts?
Thanks!


The clue lies in the non-underlined part of the sentence ", which are gaining ....."

A. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing
B. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers are losing
C. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers lost Despite significant discounts cannot modify Detroit automakers.
D. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers continuing to lose : Despite significant discounts cannot modify Detroit automakers.
E. The Detroit automakers, despite significant discounts, were losing Despite significant discounts cannot modify Detroit automakers.


Why can't "despite significant discounts" modify the detroit automakers?

Trying to grasp the modifier/structure rules,

thanks!
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4775
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 May 2012, 21:04
You are probably referring to the gerund offering in B. Despite is a preposition meaning in spite of. A preposition has to be unexemptedly followed by a noun or noun phrase or gerund.

You can also directly follow the preposition with a noun as in C and D, (which are wrong for different reasons), but with the gerund, the sentence is more wholesome, while without the gerund it looks rather bare.
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Apr 2011
Posts: 124
Schools: Mccombs business school, Mays business school, Rotman Business School,
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jun 2012, 19:29
malkov wrote:
Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing U.S. market share to lower-cost rivals from Japan and South Korea, which are gaining ground even while offering smaller discounts.

A. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing
B. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers are losing
C. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers lost
D. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers continuing to lose
E. The Detroit automakers, despite significant discounts, were losing

Why should we use gerund here? Any thoughts?
Thanks!


there are 2 simultaneous ongoing actions so past tense is not required. A, C and E are out on this ground. and D is fragment. B is the winner
_________________
some people are successful, because they have been fortunate enough and some people earn success, because they have been determined.....

please press kudos if you like my post.... i am begging for kudos...lol
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56260
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jan 2019, 04:32
malkov wrote:
Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing U.S. market share to lower-cost rivals from Japan and South Korea, which are gaining ground even while offering smaller discounts.


A. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing

B. Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers are losing

C. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers lost

D. Despite significant discounts, the Detroit automakers continuing to lose

E. The Detroit automakers, despite significant discounts, were losing


Why should we use gerund here? Any thoughts?
Thanks!


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



B.

The sentence contains two different actions, indicating a possible verb tense problem. Because the two actions are happening at the same time, they both require the same tense. Since the second verb are gaining is not underlined and cannot be changed, were losing must be the one to match are gaining, a present-tense verb. (A), (C), and (E) are out, while (D) has no verb, only a participle followed by an infinitive (continuing to lose). (B), which uses are losing, is the answer.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2019, 04:32
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Despite offering significant discounts, Detroit automakers were losing

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne