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# Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because

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Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2016, 22:34
1
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15% (low)

Question Stats:

68% (00:38) correct 32% (00:38) wrong based on 138 sessions

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Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because their abuse as addictive drugs is a danger for many patients.
A their abuse as addictive drugs is
B as addictive drugs, their abuse is
C the abuse of such addictive drugs is
D the abuse of such addictive drugs are
E the abuse of them as addictive drugs is

Can any1 explain the difference eween their usage and the usage here?
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Re: Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2016, 23:11
Shawnik wrote:
Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because their abuse as addictive drugs is a danger for many patients.
A their abuse as addictive drugs is
B as addictive drugs, their abuse is
C the abuse of such addictive drugs is
D the abuse of such addictive drugs are
E the abuse of them as addictive drugs is

Can any1 explain the difference eween their usage and the usage here?

A their abuse as addictive drugs is - Incorrect. Pronoun ambiguity
B as addictive drugs, their abuse is - Incorrect. Awkward
C the abuse of such addictive drugs is - Correct
D the abuse of such addictive drugs are - Incorrect. Subject Verb Agreement error
E the abuse of them as addictive drugs is - Incorrect. Pronoun ambiguity

Since Doctors is used as the subject in the sentence 'their' can refer to Doctors or addictive drugs. C eliminates the discrepancy by using 'such addictive drugs'
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Re: Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2016, 23:35
Vyshak

If we look at the sentence then logically doctors cannot be abused it is only the medicine that can be abused. Hence I have this doubt. there is a sentence in @e-gmat course " in the accident, the car hit the tree, but its engine was not damaged" this sentence is correct because its can only refer to car and not tree.

Similar logic can be applide here and only painkillers can be abused here and not doctors. I am not saying that C is incorrect but had C not been there is option A correct. This is more from the point of geeting my concept clear rather than the correct answer.
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Re: Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2016, 23:42
Shawnik wrote:
Vyshak

If we look at the sentence then logically doctors cannot be abused it is only the medicine that can be abused. Hence I have this doubt. there is a sentence in @e-gmat course " in the accident, the car hit the tree, but its engine was not damaged" this sentence is correct because its can only refer to car and not tree.

Similar logic can be applide here and only painkillers can be abused here and not doctors. I am not saying that C is incorrect but had C not been there is option A correct. This is more from the point of geeting my concept clear rather than the correct answer.

Hi Shawnik,

In the sentence - The car hit the tree, but its engine was not damaged, the subject is car. Hence 'its' can logically refer to the car and not the tree.

In the original sentence, the subject is doctors and hence their can refer to doctors even though it is absurd to say so.

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Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2016, 03:40
2
Shawnik wrote:
Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because their abuse as addictive drugs is a danger for many patients.

A their abuse as addictive drugs is
B as addictive drugs, their abuse is
C the abuse of such addictive drugs is
D the abuse of such addictive drugs are
E the abuse of them as addictive drugs is

Can any1 explain the difference eween their usage and the usage here?

Correct answer must be (C) for the highlighted errors in the other options..

For the doubt you have posted , please go through the following articles -

1. https://e-gmat.com/blog/gmat-verbal/eng ... -ambiguity
2. pronouns-debunking-popular-myths-intro-160811.html
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Re: Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because [#permalink]

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21 May 2017, 23:31
1
Shawnik wrote:
Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because their abuse as addictive drugs is a danger for many patients.
A their abuse as addictive drugs is
B as addictive drugs, their abuse is
C the abuse of such addictive drugs is
D the abuse of such addictive drugs are
E the abuse of them as addictive drugs is

Can any1 explain the difference eween their usage and the usage here?

A Incorrecttheir abuse as addictive drugs is
their is ambigious. their can refer to doctors, painkillers or patients
B Incorrect as addictive drugs, their abuse is
Same as A
C Correctthe abuse of such addictive drugs is
DIncorrect the abuse of such addictive drugs are
Subject verb error. abuse is the subject and is singular os we need singular verb is
E the abuse of them as addictive drugs is
Sane as A them is ambigious
Hence C
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Re: Doctors are loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because   [#permalink] 21 May 2017, 23:31
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