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Dr. Ruiz: Dr. Smith has expressed outspoken antismoking

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Manager
Joined: 13 Jul 2006
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Dr. Ruiz: Dr. Smith has expressed outspoken antismoking [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2008, 07:32
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Dr. Ruiz: Dr. Smith has expressed outspoken antismoking views in public. Even though Dr. Smith is otherwise qualified, clearly she cannot be included on a panel that examines the danger of secondhand cigarette smoke. As an organizer of the panel, I want to ensure that the panel examines the issue in an unbiased manner before coming to any conclusion.

Which one of the following, if true, provides the strongest basis for countering Dr. Ruiz argument that Dr. Smith should not be included on the panel?

(A) A panel composed of qualified people with strong but conflicting views on a particular topic is more likely to reach an unbiased conclusion than a panel composed of people who have kept their views, if any, private.

(B) People who hold strong views on a particular topic tend to accept new evidence on that topic only if it supports their views.

(C) A panel that includes one qualified person with publicly known strong views on a particular topic is more likely to have lively discussions than a panel that includes only people with no well-defined views on that topic.

(D) People who have expressed strong views in public on a particular topic are better at raising funds to support their case than are people who have never expressed strong views in public.

(E) People who have well-defined strong views on a particular topic prior to joining a panel are often able to impose their views on panel members who are not committed at the outset to any conclusion.

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OA: A
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Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2008
Posts: 401

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14 Sep 2008, 08:00
duttarupam wrote:
Dr. Ruiz: Dr. Smith has expressed outspoken antismoking views in public. Even though Dr. Smith is otherwise qualified, clearly she cannot be included on a panel that examines the danger of secondhand cigarette smoke. As an organizer of the panel, I want to ensure that the panel examines the issue in an unbiased manner before coming to any conclusion.

Which one of the following, if true, provides the strongest basis for countering Dr. Ruiz argument that Dr. Smith should not be included on the panel?

(A) A panel composed of qualified people with strong but conflicting views on a particular topic is more likely to reach an unbiased conclusion than a panel composed of people who have kept their views, if any, private.

(B) People who hold strong views on a particular topic tend to accept new evidence on that topic only if it supports their views.

(C) A panel that includes one qualified person with publicly known strong views on a particular topic is more likely to have lively discussions than a panel that includes only people with no well-defined views on that topic.

(D) People who have expressed strong views in public on a particular topic are better at raising funds to support their case than are people who have never expressed strong views in public.

(E) People who have well-defined strong views on a particular topic prior to joining a panel are often able to impose their views on panel members who are not committed at the outset to any conclusion.

Highlight the line below to see OA

OA: A

A) -> Weakens. Dr. Ruiz wants unbiased conclusion and this achieves unbiased conclusion even by including Mr. Smith
B) -> Strengthen
C) -> Need conclusion not lively discussions
D) -> Out of scope about raising funds
E) -> Strengthen
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Joined: 17 Jun 2008
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14 Sep 2008, 08:13
duttarupam wrote:
Dr. Ruiz: Dr. Smith has expressed outspoken antismoking views in public. Even though Dr. Smith is otherwise qualified, clearly she cannot be included on a panel that examines the danger of secondhand cigarette smoke. As an organizer of the panel, I want to ensure that the panel examines the issue in an unbiased manner before coming to any conclusion.

Which one of the following, if true, provides the strongest basis for countering Dr. Ruiz argument that Dr. Smith should not be included on the panel?

(A) A panel composed of qualified people with strong but conflicting views on a particular topic is more likely to reach an unbiased conclusion than a panel composed of people who have kept their views, if any, private. -> clearly counter DR.R since this statement says that unbiased opinion can be reached only when conflicting views are entertained

(B) People who hold strong views on a particular topic tend to accept new evidence on that topic only if it supports their views. -> This in a way sterengthens if DR.S included he will not accept evidences and thus prevent others from reaching a concl

(C) A panel that includes one qualified person with publicly known strong views on a particular topic is more likely to have lively discussions than a panel that includes only people with no well-defined views on that topic. -> lively dicussions is not a concern in the argument hence OOS

(D) People who have expressed strong views in public on a particular topic are better at raising funds to support their case than are people who have never expressed strong views in public. -> raising funds is not in argument

(E) People who have well-defined strong views on a particular topic prior to joining a panel are often able to impose their views on panel members who are not committed at the outset to any conclusion.
-> if this were the case then DR.S could incline others to his side ->biased opinion -> strengthens DR.R

IMO A

Highlight the line below to see OA

OA: A

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Intern
Joined: 18 Aug 2008
Posts: 1

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16 Sep 2008, 00:08
(E) is correct answer because the issue is about reaching conclusion in unbiased fashion and hence also include not influencing others opinion at the onset of discussion.
Manager
Joined: 12 Jun 2008
Posts: 59

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18 Sep 2008, 08:04
IMO B

OA?
Director
Joined: 30 Jun 2007
Posts: 765

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18 Sep 2008, 11:42
Another A!

Situation: Dr Smith has strong views on smoking and expressed publicly. Dr Ruiz
Planning to create panel that provides an unbiased view on smoking. He intended to not include Dr Smith assuming that expressing views publicly can create a biased opinion.

Logic: Argument weakened if Dr Ruiz assumption is proven wrong.

A) A panel composed of qualified people with strong but conflicting views on a particular topic is more likely to reach an unbiased conclusion than a panel composed of people who have kept their views, if any, private. [Hold it]

(B) People who hold strong views on a particular topic tend to accept new evidence on that topic only if it supports their views. [Strengthens]

(C) A panel that includes one qualified person with publicly known strong views on a particular topic is more likely to have lively discussions than a panel that includes only people with no well-defined views on that topic. [Out of topic]

(D) People who have expressed strong views in public on a particular topic are better at raising funds to support their case than are people who have never expressed strong views in public. [Out of topic]

(E) People who have well-defined strong views on a particular topic prior to joining a panel are often able to impose their views on panel members who are not committed at the outset to any conclusion. [Strengthens]
Re: CR: Dr. Ruiz   [#permalink] 18 Sep 2008, 11:42
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Dr. Ruiz: Dr. Smith has expressed outspoken antismoking

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