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# Europes travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish

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07 Sep 2010, 09:11
Answer D has a clear punctuation error. A comma is indeed needed before "and" as 3 items are listed. The correct form is X,Y, and Z. Too much to be a GMAT OA.
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09 Sep 2010, 11:00
Europe’s travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish economy, a stretch of bad weather as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persistent.

(A) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persitstent
(B) and the chilling effect of terrorist activity that is persistent
(C) but persistent terrorist activity has had a chilling effect too
(D) and the chilling effects of persistent terrorist activity
(E) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that persists
>>>>>>
A - as well as is not preferred here, and 'that is persistent' is sloppy and too long
B - that is persistent wrong
C - do not use 'but' to introduce something in the same line of thought, only for contrast
D - correct use of and, "as well as" modifying 'activity' with persistent (instead of 'that is persistent' - the grammatical reference escapes me)
E - as well as and that persists are wrong

OA is D
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09 Sep 2010, 12:50
B&C both resolve the parallelism issue, however B remains unclear on whether persistent refers to terrorist activity or chilling effect.

C clarifies by clearly mentioning persistent terrorist activity.
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09 Sep 2010, 16:51
As a result of x, y and z. This gives B and D. B is concise so selected it
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16 Oct 2010, 09:11
sagarsabnis wrote:
Europe’s travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish economy, a stretch of bad weather as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persistent.

(A) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persitstent
(B) and the chilling effect of terrorist activity that is persistent
(C) but persistent terrorist activity has had a chilling effect too
(D) and the chilling effects of persistent terrorist activity
(E) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that persists

can any 1 pls explain this

A: Use of "that" is wrong. For the same reason we eliminate B and E. We dont need a subordinate/relative clause here. Remember, you should always prefer an "adjective clause" over an "adjective clause with the verb forms of to be" which gives us another reason to eliminate the above mentioned answer choices. There is already an "is" present in the sentence. Why would you need another one as it makes the sentence awkward and more wordier.
C: "but" is wrongly used here. "But" is used to bring out a contrast.
D: Best answer. Grammatically correct and most concise.
No need to haggle over the use of "as well as" and "and" as there are other grammatical errors which are easier to fix.
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16 Oct 2010, 10:01
down to B & D, picked D
in B, I think IS is wrong.
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03 Jan 2011, 10:42
sudeep wrote:
One thing to note: B has singular effect, D has plural effects.

But any reason why in thi ssentence we chose the plural "effects" and why not singular
"effect"??? I am not able to interpret why??
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09 Sep 2011, 05:54
only D is parallel and thats why is ok )
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09 Sep 2011, 07:33
D is grammatically correct and has best meaning
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09 Sep 2011, 10:29
I'm going with D. Also, a comma is missing after the word "weather" as others have already stated.

It is supposed to be in the form "x, y, and z".
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09 Sep 2011, 16:00
I picked D...B is just too wordy.
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11 Sep 2011, 00:53

firstly read the question properly....it mentions three things....sluggish economy, bad weather and the underlined part.....as well as is used when two things are specified in a sentence....not three....cancel all the options with as well as....but is anyway not valid....

so we are left with either (B),(D).....
now the first part finishes with sluggish economy....second with bad weather...so for "parallelism" third "should" finish with terrorist activity and "not" that is persistent.
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11 Sep 2011, 07:03
D (with minor modification of a comma)
that is persistent is ambiguous and can modify either effects or terrorist activity
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13 Sep 2011, 10:35
D for me.
B conveys the same meaning as D but in a more elaborate manner hence choosing D
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Re: Europes travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2011, 23:09
simply D ..use split rule.....

and the....<>..is correct
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Re: Europes travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2012, 02:36
a stretch of bad weather is a noun phrase and the following phrase should be a noun phrase too (parallel structure).
Only D satisfies that
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Re: Europes travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2012, 05:23
sagarsabnis wrote:
Europe’s travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish economy, a stretch of bad weather as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persistent.

(A) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persitstent
(B) and the chilling effect of terrorist activity that is persistent
(C) but persistent terrorist activity has had a chilling effect too
(D) and the chilling effects of persistent terrorist activity
(E) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that persists

can any 1 pls explain this

and is good to complete the sentence as it is three reasons so eliminate A , C and E

terrorist activity that is persistent - wordy

D
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Re: Europes travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2012, 06:04
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Europe’s travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish economy, a stretch of bad weather as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persistent.

(A) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persitstent
(B) and the chilling effect of terrorist activity that is persistent
(C) but persistent terrorist activity has had a chilling effect too
(D) and the chilling effects of persistent terrorist activity
(E) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that persists

Oh boy, this one is a real toughie.
Let me give it a shot

(A) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persistent
As well as is typically used when you want to indicate "in addition to".
For e.g: I have to clean the floors as well as cook the food.
I like black, white, blue, as well as green - This is incorrect. We need to use the word "AND" to describe a list of 3 things.

One of the main differences between "as well as " and "AND" is that "as well as" is considered an additive phrase, while "AND" is considered a multiplier.

Jack as well as Jill , is going to the party.
Jack and Jill are going to the party
.

(B) and the chilling effect of terrorist activity that is persistent
We will come back to this later

(C) but persistent terrorist activity has had a chilling effect too
"But" is a conjuction that is typically used to indicate contrast. There is no contrast indicated here.
I like cookies, but my sister loves chocolates.

(D) and the chilling effects of persistent terrorist activity
We will come back to this later.

(E) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that persists
Same explanation as (A)

Ok, so we have a tiebreaker situation here - (B) and (D)

(B)and the chilling effect of terrorist activity that is persistent

Let's take a closer look at the meaning.
The term "that" here is used as a modifier that modifiers terrorist activity.
What does the term chilling effect refer to ? Does it refer to any terrorist activity ? Well, in this case, this term refers only to the "terrorist activity THAT IS PERSISTENT".
The meaning of the sentence changes to --> All other terrorist activities other than the ones that are persistent are considered ok

Hence (D)

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Re: Europes travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2012, 06:19
I feel B is the correct answer. I can analyse that this question is related to parallelism and A,C and D options can be eliminated. Out of B and E, B seems correct wrt the "persistent" word and also the singular "effect".

sagarsabnis wrote:
Europe’s travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish economy, a stretch of bad weather as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persistent.

(A) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that is persitstent
(B) and the chilling effect of terrorist activity that is persistent
(C) but persistent terrorist activity has had a chilling effect too
(D) and the chilling effects of persistent terrorist activity
(E) as well as the chilling effects of terrorist activity that persists

can any 1 pls explain this
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Re: Europes travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2012, 13:20
This answer has plagued me all day today but I think I finally found an explanation as to why I am DEAD WRONG. For some reason to me E just sounds like it flows with the sentence (grammatical errors are not the only thing that are tested in the SC) but it is incorrect for an important reason. As well as presents information that is perceived by the writer to be known by the reader and it really makes sense when you think about it. It would either had to have been presented earlier in the sentence in a different format or the writer can make the assumption that this is known by the reader (which in this case that is impossible as for any SC problem). If I am an idiot for thinking this is an explanation that makes sense please let me know.
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Re: Europes travel lndustry is suffering as a result of sluggish   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2012, 13:20

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