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GMAX Challenge Question

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GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2010, 00:07
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

35% (00:51) correct 65% (00:44) wrong based on 26 sessions

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Hi all you GMAT grapplers! For the next few weeks, I will be posting GMAX-challenge questions! Answers and explanations will be posted the next day! Today's GMAX challenge:


1. Every argument depends on assumptions which are not verified, and that is what makes it an argument.

A. Every argument depends on assumptions which are not verified, and that is what makes it an argument.
B. Every argument depends on assumptions that are not verified, which is what makes it an argument.
C. Assumptions that are not verified are the underpinnings of an argument, this is what makes it an argument.
D. Every argument depends on assumptions that are not verified; this principle makes an argument what it is.
E. Every argument is dependent on untrue assumptions, and it makes an argument just that—an argument.


Good luck!

-Sarai
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2010, 00:29
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Which is wrong as essential modifies if required. So "THAT" is correct

A C out, E is wordy.

So left with D and B, In B which after "," is placed wrongly. It cannot modify verified.

I will go with D
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2010, 00:38
IMO : D

Every argument depends on assumptions which are not verified, and that is what makes it an argument.

A. Every argument depends on assumptions which are not verified, and that is what makes it an argument. >> that has no antecedent. It cannot refer to assumptions, argument

B. Every argument depends on assumptions that are not verified, which is what makes it an argument. >> which has no antecedent

C. Assumptions that are not verified are the underpinnings of an argument, this is what makes it an argument. >> this has no antecedent

D. Every argument depends on assumptions that are not verified; this principle makes an argument what it is. >> this principle sounds alright

E. Every argument is dependent on untrue assumptions, and it makes an argument just that—an argument. >> it has no antecedent
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2010, 04:21
1. Every argument depends on assumptions which are not verified, and that is what makes it an argument.

A. Every argument depends on assumptions which are not verified, and that is what makes it an argument. it should be a comа before which
B. Every argument depends on assumptions that are not verified, which is what makes it an argument. which refers to a word preceeding it - it cann`t modify "varified"
C. Assumptions that are not verified are the underpinnings of an argument, this is what makes it an argument. changes the meaning
D. Every argument depends on assumptions that are not verified; this principle makes an argument what it is.
E. Every argument is dependent on untrue assumptions, and it makes an argument just that—an argument. no need for passive voice

BTW A and D. I realize that which without coma is not enough to kill it, however, "is" in the second part is pretty confusing.
I vote for D.
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2010, 00:21
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And the answer is...
A. "Which" is used to introduce a descriptive relative clause (containing dispensable information) and must be preceded by a comma. Also, in the second independent clause, "that is what makes..." the pronoun "that" has no written noun to which it refers, i.e., no referent.

B. The pronoun "which" has no has no written noun to which it refers, i.e., no referent.


C. Two independent clauses cannot be joined by only a comma. They require a semi-colon or connecting word.

D. Correct. The relative clause-- "that are not verified"-- correctly defines exactly on which kind of assumption theory depends.


E. "Is dependent on" is wordy, and no referent for the pronoun "it" appears in the sentence.

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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2010, 00:40
Hi Sarai

Quote:
C. Two independent clauses cannot be joined by only a comma. They require a semi-colon or connecting word.


Does "this" has antecedent in C?

C. Assumptions that are not verified are the underpinnings of an argument, this is what makes it an argument.


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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2010, 00:46
No, you're right, "this" does not have an antecedent.
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2011, 09:57
yeah D is the answer , thanks gmaxsarai for the question.
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2011, 12:17
+1 D

Although it doesn't seem a real GMAT question.
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2011, 22:03
The text is a classic lesson in pronoun non – reference, (unfortunately) in all its choices.

A ---- ‘that’ has no singular possible referent
B ---- ‘ which’ has no referent
C----- the demonstrative pronoun, ‘this’ has no referent
D------ the demonstrative pronoun ‘this’ has no referent
E ----- the pronoun ‘it’ has no referent.
The author may perhaps like to defend her choice of answer in spite of the pronoun error.
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2011, 03:05
D this is referring to the complete clause here.
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2011, 04:28
If we take that in D, the pronoun this stands for the entire clause, then doesn’t it stand for the same in C? Of course C is a run-on and so we may dump it. But can we ignore the dangling pronoun in ? Demonstrative pronouns are more helpful in informal communications when you can finger-point at something. In formal Test grade text, whether it is acceptable, will be a subjective judgment. Still it doesn’t
negate the fact that D is perhaps the closest choice compared to the rest.
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Re: GMAX Challenge Question   [#permalink] 16 May 2011, 04:28
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