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If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the

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If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the [#permalink]

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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the following can be the value of b?

(A) 100
(B) 150
(C) 200
(D) 250
(E) 550


Notice that we can rewrite 82.024 as 82 + 24/1000
So, 82.024 = 82 + 24/1000
Simplify to get: 82.024 = 82 + 3/125
Rewritten as an ENTIRE fraction, we get: 82.024 = [(82)(125) + 3]/125

a/b = [(82)(125) + 3]/125, so b COULD equal 125.
When we check the answer choices, we don't see 125.
That's okay, because we can rewrite [(82)(125) + 3]/125 as an EQUIVALENT fraction, just like we can rewrite 3/7 as 6/14 or 9/21 or 12/28 etc.

Likewise, if we rewrite [(82)(125) + 3]/125 as an EQUIVALENT fraction, the denominator (b) can be ANY MULTIPLE of 125
Checking the answer choices, only 250 is a multiple of 125

Answer: D

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Brent
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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2015, 12:55
Bunuel wrote:
If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the following can be the value of b?

(A) 100
(B) 150
(C) 200
(D) 250
(E) 550



b must be the factor of 1000 because 82.024 = 82,024/1000, a must be integer
=> I crossed out: B, E

If b = 100 => a=8202.4: not integer: OUT
If b = 200 => a is not integer becayse 82,024 is not divisible by 5
If b = 250 => a=20506: integer: OK

Ans: D

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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the following can be the value of b?

(A) 100
(B) 150
(C) 200
(D) 250
(E) 550


Remainder= > R/B=24/1000=3/125 -> R*125=3B -> B must be a multiple of 125 Answer (D) 250
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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2016, 08:12
a/b = 82.024 -> a/b = 82,024/1000
We just have to simplify this equation to get a/b = 20,506/250.
Hence response D

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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2016, 12:35
Bunuel wrote:
If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the following can be the value of b?

(A) 100
(B) 150
(C) 200
(D) 250
(E) 550


\(\frac{a}{b}\) = 82.024 => \(\frac{a}{b}\) = 82 + \(\frac{24}{1000}\)

Therefore, a = 82*b + \(\frac{24*b}{1000}\) => b should be a factor of 1000 and \(\frac{24*b}{1000}\) should be integer.

Out of all the answer choices, 100, 200, and 250 are factors of 100. But, \(\frac{24*b}{1000}\) returns an integer value only when b = 250.

So, the answer is (D).

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If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 07:27
Bunuel wrote:
If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the following can be the value of b?

(A) 100
(B) 150
(C) 200
(D) 250
(E) 550

If \(a = bQ + r\), then \(\frac{a}{b} = Q + \frac{r}{b}\)

(a = dividend, b = divisor, Q = quotient, r = remainder)

Change the remainder from decimal to fraction: .024 =\(\frac{24}{1000} =\frac{r}{b}\)

In order for \(a\) and \(b\) to be integers, \((\frac{r}{b} * b)\) must result in an integer.

The decimal .084 = \(\frac{84}{1000}\) * (some # \(b\)) must have a result with no decimals. You cannot add a remainder with decimals to the product a = bQ: \(a\) would not be an integer, which the prompt says it is.

We know**:

1) \(r\) is an integer;

2) \(b\) is an integer;

3) \((\frac{r}{b} * b)\) is an integer, so \(b\) must be a multiple of the denominator in \((\frac{r}{b})\) to stay consistent with: \(a = bQ + r\)

4) No answer choice is b = 1,000 (which would make life easy)

If \(\frac{r}{b} = \frac{24}{1000}\), reduce in succession:

\(\frac{r}{b} =\frac{24}{1000} = \frac{12}{500} =\frac{6}{250} = \frac{3}{125}\)

Any answer choice that equals any one of those denominators, such that \(r\) becomes an integer, could equal \(b\).

Answer D, b = 250, as the only multiple of 125, makes \(r\) an integer.

OR, from the fraction reduced to simpler expressions in succession above, one expression is \(\frac{6}{250}\).

\(\frac{6}{250} *
250 = 6 = r\)

From here the dividend \(a\) can be "rebuilt."

b = 250, r = 6, Q is 82. \(a\) = (250)(82) + 6. \(a\) = 20,506. \(r\) is now an integer: \(b\) = 250 clears the fraction \(\frac{6}{250}\).

Answer D

**It is a little easier to see these concepts, especially the relationship between decimal values and integer values, with a simple example.

\(\frac{12}{5} = 2 +
R2\)
\(12 = (5)(2) + 2\)
\(a = bQ + r\)
\(\frac{a}{b} = Q + \frac{r}{b}\)
\(\frac{12}{5} = 2 + \frac{2}{5}\)
\(\frac{12}{5} = 2 + (.4)\)
\(\frac{12}{5} = 2.4\)
\(\frac{r}{b} =\frac{4}{10} = \frac{2}{5}\)

The denominator tells us that \(b\) here is a multiple of 5 -- \((\frac{2}{5})\) * (multiple of 5) = integer.

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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 07:16
simply,
0.024*250=6 , integer
others results are not integer so...ans d

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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a/b = 82.024, which of the   [#permalink] 03 Oct 2017, 07:16
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