Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack
GMAT Club

It is currently 30 Mar 2017, 01:55

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Apr 2012
Posts: 102
Location: United States
Concentration: International Business, Real Estate
GMAT Date: 10-22-2012
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 69 [0], given: 47

GMAT ToolKit User
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2012, 07:56
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:25) correct 42% (01:44) wrong based on 264 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health Centers Act, which outlined plans to release the mentally
ill from institutions, incorporate these individuals into their communities, and provide outpatient treatment. Leading
associations of mental health professionals overwhelmingly applauded these goals and approved of these plans
because, the experts said, the treatment rather than the institutional environment was the crucial element for the
welfare of these patients. Within twenty years, state authorities succeeded in discharging 95% of these patients
from institutional care. In 1983, however, executives from these same professional associations said that the plight
of the mentally ill was worse than ever. Which if the following, if true, best resolves the paradox in the above
passage?
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963.
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state
authorities, the results would have been better.
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation.
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic
programs; these cuts, however, never materialized.
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Request Expert Reply
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Fighting again to Kill the GMAT devil
Joined: 02 Jun 2009
Posts: 137
Location: New Delhi
WE 1: Oil and Gas - Engineering & Construction
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 61 [0], given: 48

Re: In 1963, Congress approved... [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2012, 09:02
Argument - Experts agree to Govt's step on reforming mentally ill people by giving them outpatient medication. In 20 years the same group of experts agree that the situation has worsened.

To Resolve the paradox - We need to find some info which can suggest that something during these 20 years gone amiss.

(A) Diagnosis of more people could not defeat the purpose (of providing care to mentally ill people) - Reject
(B) Goes beyond the Premise because in the stimulus the experts agree on the way the congress wants to execute the plan. Reject
(C) This is a farther conclusion. Could have been valid if how the lack of fund disrupted the program was also made part of this AC, but just talking about lack of funds do not resolve the paradox. Reject
(D) Bang On - TARGET!!!
(E) Same reason as in C, if this reason was further elaborated that why illegal narcotics created problems for the program to continue then this could have been winner. Reject
_________________

Giving Kudos, is a great Way to Help the GC Community Kudos

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 02 Jan 2011
Posts: 198
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 22

Re: In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Nov 2012, 03:46
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963. - Number of people with disorders is irrelevant - Incorrect
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state authorities, the results would have been better. - The point of who administered the project is not relevant in the current context - Incorrect
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation. - Can be the case but not strong enough - Incorrect
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic programs; these cuts, however, never materialized. - Because of insufficient funds, the treatment was inadequate for the patients - Correct
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics. - Out of scope - Incorrect

Hope this helps
VP
VP
avatar
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 1095
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Followers: 38

Kudos [?]: 540 [0], given: 70

Re: In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Dec 2012, 05:02
aditi1903 wrote:
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health Centers Act, which outlined plans to release the mentally
ill from institutions, incorporate these individuals into their communities, and provide outpatient treatment. Leading
associations of mental health professionals overwhelmingly applauded these goals and approved of these plans
because, the experts said, the treatment rather than the institutional environment was the crucial element for the
welfare of these patients. Within twenty years, state authorities succeeded in discharging 95% of these patients
from institutional care. In 1983, however, executives from these same professional associations said that the plight
of the mentally ill was worse than ever. Which if the following, if true, best resolves the paradox in the above
passage?
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963.
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state
authorities, the results would have been better.
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation.
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic
programs; these cuts, however, never materialized.
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics.


I feel that c and D are very close.
C says State budget has not increased for the outpatients>>>>>>>>>>can be answer because the condition has detoriated
D says the money was never granted>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>If the money was not granted than how was the treatment done for 20 years......it leads to another paradox.
Another interpretation of D is since doctors in 1963 applauded and donated for the cause but doctors now are no more in favor of that donation and hence have stopped donating.

I m confused can anyone help!!!!!!!
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Nov 2010
Posts: 288
Location: India
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 149 [0], given: 75

Re: In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Dec 2012, 13:21
Archit143 wrote:
aditi1903 wrote:
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health Centers Act, which outlined plans to release the mentally
ill from institutions, incorporate these individuals into their communities, and provide outpatient treatment. Leading
associations of mental health professionals overwhelmingly applauded these goals and approved of these plans
because, the experts said, the treatment rather than the institutional environment was the crucial element for the
welfare of these patients. Within twenty years, state authorities succeeded in discharging 95% of these patients
from institutional care. In 1983, however, executives from these same professional associations said that the plight
of the mentally ill was worse than ever. Which if the following, if true, best resolves the paradox in the above
passage?
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963.
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state
authorities, the results would have been better.
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation.
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic
programs; these cuts, however, never materialized.
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics.


I feel that c and D are very close.
C says State budget has not increased for the outpatients>>>>>>>>>>can be answer because the condition has detoriated
But, some (may be not sufficient) amount of money have been invested to improve the condition. Thus, it can't be "worse than ever." as mentioned in the question

D says the money was never granted>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>If the money was not granted than how was the treatment done for 20 years......it leads to another paradox.
You are correct. i.e. question states that the plight of the mentally ill was [color=#ff0000]worse than ever.[/color]

Another interpretation of D is since doctors in 1963 applauded and donated for the cause but doctors now are no more in favor of that donation and hence have stopped donating.
You are going out of scope
I m confused can anyone help!!!!!!!



Please see my response inline . See the highlighted portion
_________________

YOU CAN, IF YOU THINK YOU CAN

Math Forum Moderator
User avatar
G
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 1089
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 48

Kudos [?]: 461 [0], given: 59

GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Feb 2017, 02:20
The passage states that, on the one hand, the government was successful in releasing mental health patients from institutional care. On the other hand, according to the leading professional health associations, which explicitly supported the government's plans, the plight of the mentally ill only became worse. We need to find one statement that explains what prevented the plan from achieving its expected results.

(A) An increase in the number of people diagnosed with psychiatric disorders does not explain why the plight of psychiatric patients has gotten worse.
(B) Believing that someone else could have better implemented the plan doesnot explain what went wrong with the plan as it was actually implemented.
(C) The passage does not indicate or imply that adequate funding must be tied to the inflation rate. It might have been sufficient, for example, for funding increases to match the rate of inflation.
(D) CORRECT. This resolves the paradox by offering a reason why the plan failed: only half of the plan was implemented. According to the passage, the original plan supported by the leading mental health associations was "to remove the mentally ill from institutions, incorporate them into their communities, and give them outpatient treatment." While the removal was accomplished, choice D
explains that the outpatient treatment services were not; patients, therefore, haven't improved.
(E) The past addictions of release patients do not explain why the plight of the patients became worse after they were released.
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Intern
Intern
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Jul 2016
Posts: 45
Location: South Africa
Concentration: General Management, Marketing
Schools: Oxford"18, HEC Dec"18
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V30
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 16

Reviews Badge
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Feb 2017, 09:36
aditi1903 wrote:
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health Centers Act, which outlined plans to release the mentally
ill from institutions, incorporate these individuals into their communities, and provide outpatient treatment. Leading
associations of mental health professionals overwhelmingly applauded these goals and approved of these plans
because, the experts said, the treatment rather than the institutional environment was the crucial element for the
welfare of these patients. Within twenty years, state authorities succeeded in discharging 95% of these patients
from institutional care. In 1983, however, executives from these same professional associations said that the plight
of the mentally ill was worse than ever. Which if the following, if true, best resolves the paradox in the above
passage?
• More people were diagnosed with psychiatric disorders in 1983 than in 1963.
• Many mental health professionals believe that if their peers had administered the project rather than the state
authorities, the results would have been better.
• The state budget allocation for services to the mentally ill has not increased faster than the rate of inflation.
• Congress agreed to fund these outpatient services, provided that the money come from cuts in other domestic
programs; these cuts, however, never materialized.
• Many of the released patients had, at some time, been addicted to illegal narcotics.

Due to insufficient funds allocated, the treatment would not have been effective. Hence, D.
In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health   [#permalink] 07 Feb 2017, 09:36
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Experts publish their posts in the topic At the beginning of 2004, Congress enacted a 15% avohden 4 03 Dec 2013, 16:03
7 Experts publish their posts in the topic In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health GetThisDone 7 28 Apr 2012, 22:44
4 Health official vjsharma25 21 22 Mar 2011, 04:34
19 Mental Health CR greatchap 13 05 Aug 2010, 22:31
9 Experts publish their posts in the topic The current administration and Congress have once again vd 47 10 Jun 2008, 00:37
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In 1963, Congress approved the Community Mental Health

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.