GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 23 Oct 2019, 14:48

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Board of Directors
User avatar
D
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3414
In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Feb 2019, 13:00
Top Contributor
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

85% (01:30) correct 15% (01:56) wrong based on 99 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seventy-six percent of Florida's orange crop. However, when citrus crops as a group, including oranges, were compared, the California crop was twenty-three percent greater than Florida's crop for the same year.

If the information above is true, which of the following can properly be concluded about the Florida and California citrus crops in the year mentioned?

(A) Florida's climate was suited only to growing oranges.
(B) Florida produced larger oranges than California did.
(C) California produced more oranges than it did non-orange citrus.
(D) California's proportion of non-orange citrus crops was higher than Florida's.
(E) California had more acreage that could be devoted to agriculture than did Florida.

_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Sep 2017
Posts: 101
CAT Tests
Re: In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Feb 2019, 00:16
can someone assist me with the answer? I chose B over D, basing my answer on the size of citrus fruits, rather than quantity. So if anyone can point out to me on what exactly I am missing out on, it will be really helpful.
Board of Directors
User avatar
D
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3414
Re: In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Feb 2019, 01:14
Top Contributor
In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seventy-six percent of Florida's orange crop.

California orange crop < Florida orange crop

However, when citrus crops as a group, including oranges, were compared, the California crop was twenty-three percent greater than Florida's crop for the same year.

California citrus crops as a group > Florida citrus crops as a group

Which means that oranges are a subset of the entire group. It is true that the sub-group California oranges < Florida oranges. However, OVERALL the entire group of citrus California is > Florida.

The conclusion must be D

Moreover, B says that ONE orange in terms of dimension (the sphere/globe is bigger) NOT the oranges as a group as citrus fruit.

Regards
_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Sep 2017
Posts: 101
CAT Tests
Re: In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Feb 2019, 03:07
carcass so correct me if I am wrong, does it means that when we are comparing a single orange we are talking about the size of orange. But when we are comparing citrus fruits as a group, we are comparing quantity.
Board of Directors
User avatar
D
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3414
In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Feb 2019, 03:20
2
Top Contributor
The production of California' oranges is 76 and that of Florida's is 100 units (just to give an example )

However, the TOTAL citrus production of Florida (the citrus included are lemons, oranges, bergamot, cedar and so forth) is 1000 pieces and Florida TOTAL crops production is 23 % LESS than California's.

So if Florida has a total production of 1000 of citrus-like fruits, California has 1298 (approximately, because its production is 23% MORE than that of Florida)

C = 1298 - 76= 1222

F = 1000 - 100 = 900

C > F : 1222 > 900

D is the answer

(B) Florida produced larger oranges than California did.

Attachment:
orangeedit_0.jpg
orangeedit_0.jpg [ 889.47 KiB | Viewed 550 times ]

_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Sep 2017
Posts: 101
CAT Tests
Re: In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Feb 2019, 04:11
carcass Thanks. Appreciate your time & effort.
Board of Directors
User avatar
D
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3414
Re: In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Feb 2019, 04:16
1
Top Contributor
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Posts: 563
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
Re: In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Feb 2019, 04:19
1
Top Contributor
Quote:
In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seventy-six percent of Florida's orange crop. However, when citrus crops as a group, including oranges, were compared, the California crop was twenty-three percent greater than Florida's crop for the same year.

If the information above is true, which of the following can properly be concluded about the Florida and California citrus crops in the year mentioned?

(A) Florida's climate was suited only to growing oranges.
(B) Florida produced larger oranges than California did.
(C) California produced more oranges than it did non-orange citrus.
(D) California's proportion of non-orange citrus crops was higher than Florida's.
(E) California had more acreage that could be devoted to agriculture than did Florida.


With Inference based CR questions, and those which include numbers/comparisons in particular, the GMAT tries to confuse the taker with its use of language. However, the most important rule to remember is that the answer you pick MUST be true, 100% of the time. What this means is that if it's even possible that the statement is false, we must eliminate it.

All we know is that CA's orange crop is smaller than FL's, but their overall citrus crops (of which oranges are a part) are greater than FLs. Note that we know nothing about what it means to be smaller or bigger (Is it by volume? Weight? Fruit size?), just that by whatever definition has been chosen, these are the comparisons.

Hence, the only thing we can really conclude from it is that CA's non orange citrus crop is 'bigger' than FL's.

Option A - This is such an extreme claim. Remember that we're looking to see if it's merely possible that the statement is false. Florida could have grown anything else, we have no info that says they could not. OUT

Option B - This is the trap answer. We don't actually have any info on orange size. FL's oranges could be bigger, but they could very well be smaller too, just with more bulk. The only info we have is 'overall crop size'. OUT

Option C - We have no info on the raw numbers of anything produced. It could be that CA produced mostly oranges, or that they did not. Its possible that this statement is false and can hence be rejected. OUT

Option D - At first glance it may seem like we don't have the necessary info. However, we can actually compare the ratios mentioned. If we take non orange citrus in CA to be p and oranges in CA to be q, we find that we're comparing p/q to less than p/more than q. The proportion of non-orange citrus in CA is therefore clearly greater. In fact, its not possible for the statement to be false, no matter what combinations we try. CORRECT

Option E - Who cares about agriculture as a whole? We are only focused on citrus crops, specifically oranges vs non-oranges. This option is irrelevant. OUT

The right answer is therefore D.
_________________
- CrackVerbal Prep Team

For more info on GMAT and MBA, follow us on @AskCrackVerbal

Register for the Free GMAT Kickstarter Course : http://bit.ly/2DDHKHq

Register for our Personal Tutoring Course : https://www.crackverbal.com/gmat/personal-tutoring/

Join the free 4 part GMAT video training series : http://bit.ly/2DGm8tR
GMAT Club Bot
Re: In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2019, 04:19
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In a recent year California produced an orange crop equal to only seve

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne