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In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround

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In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround [#permalink]

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In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

(A) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
(B) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
(C) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
(D) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
(E) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are

Detail explanations are welcome.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: SC- Good Years [#permalink]

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A.
1."surround" refers to a plural "fields"
2. "bustles" refers to a singular "patchwork"
3. We are left with A and C.
4. C would be correct if we had "many of whom", in which case the modifying phrase would serve as appositive
5. Modifying phrase in A is absolute phrase


priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

A. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
B. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
C. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
D. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
E. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are

Detail explanations are welcome.

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Re: SC- Good Years [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2009, 09:06
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"The patchwork of green fields"--->Singular
hence Surrounds
-->only B and E remain
farm workers-->Modified correctly by "many of whom"
IMO B

A. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
B. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
C. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
D. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
E. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are
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Re: SC- Good Years [#permalink]

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While the sentence has a singular subject ("patchwork"), the antecedent of "surround/s" (which is part of the relative clause "that surround/s the San Joaquin Valley town") can be either "fields" or "patchwork" depending on the author's intention. Thus, since there's nothing grammatically amiss with either "surround" or "surrounds," you can reject neither and must instead consider other parts of the sentence to eliminate the four wrong options.

Eliminate D right away, because both "bustle" and "which" are wrong--"farm workers" being people and not inanimate objects. Get rid of C because "who" should be "whom" (object of a preposition) and E because "many are" would create a comma splice, which is when two complete sentences are connected by only a comma.

We're left with A and B, then, which differ in just two ways: (1) "surround"/"surrounds" and (2) "them"/"whom are." (1) won't help us winnow the choices, so (2) must be our final determinant. Which is better, "many of them in the area just for the season" or "many of whom are in the area just for the season"? Well, both are grammatical, so how do we decide between them? What's the difference between them? A is briefer by one word. That's pretty much it. A is therefore the better choice because it is more concise--its verb is understood ("many of them [being] in the area just for the season"), whereas B's is explicit.

It's a fine distinction, no doubt--but A is slightly better than B.

-C. Rhudy

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In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround [#permalink]

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ts30 wrote:
seofah wrote:
A.
1."surround" refers to a plural "fields"
2. "bustles" refers to a singular "patchwork"
3. We are left with A and C.
4. C would be correct if we had "many of whom", in which case the modifying phrase would serve as appositive
5. Modifying phrase in A is absolute phrase


I dont get the logic for the 1st point. To elaborate, please answer these-
1. Members of an organization is/are protesting.
2. Group of girls is/are partying.


If the answer to any of the above is dependent on the X in the X of Y construction, then how can a patchwork of green fields be plural?


1. Members of an organization are protesting...correct
2. Group of girls is partying... correct

However the subject question is somewhat different from the examples you have given.

The patchwork of green fields is singular.

Nonetheless the modifier that surround the San Joaquin Valley town refers to green fields, which is plural - the relative pronoun that is used to refer to fields, not patchwork. Hence the usage of plural verb surround is alright.

The main subject of the sentence is patchwork, which is singular. Hence it takes the main singular verb bustles.

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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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Hey All,

This is a very bizarre question, and I'm afraid I have to disagree with everyone who's saying the answer is "obviously" A. I see nothing wrong with B (which makes this problematic as an official answer). Also, there are serious problems with GMAT Tiger's explanation, which many people have been describing as sensible.

He wrote:

A is correct. "That" in the sentence refers to "green fields", which is plural and so does "that" too. [What in the world does this mean? How can something "do 'that'"?

When "that" is plural, the verb that follows "that" should be also plural (surround), which is only in A and D. [THAT is a relative pronoun, and has no plurality. There is no such thing as a singular or plural "that".

"many of them" is better than "many of whom". -- [This is NOT true. "Them" is a subject pronoun and "whom" is an object pronoun. They have totally different uses. In fact, our ears prefer "them", so GMAT will often encourage you towards "whom".]

OKAY! Now that we've dealt with that bit of confusion, we can look at the question.

In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

(A) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
PROBLEM: The writing of this sentence makes it impossible to work out what the subject of surrounds is. It could be fields (because relative pronouns like "that" typically modify whatever they touch), but it could also be patchwork (because "of green fields" is a modifier, just as we could say the King of Spades IS a good card). This sentence is extra confusing because "surround" and "bustle" are both verbs. The A folks in the room seem to want to argue that the "fields" surround the valley, but the "patchwork" bustles. But why? The same subject could just as easily do both.

(B) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
CORRECT: Whom is correct here, because we need the object of a preposition ("of"). I prefer this answer myself, but I see no actual reason to cross it off.

(C) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
PROBLEM: You can't say "many of who", you need an object pronoun to be the object of the preposition "of".

(D) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
PROBLEM: This verb arrangement is odd, as is "many of which". We prefer who/whom for people.

(E) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are
PROBLEM: This starts a new sentence after the comma, which isn't allowed.

Hope that helps, and I'm definitely up for argument! : )

-tommy
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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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It is A because its green fields that surround the valley and patchwork bustles with farmworkers.
I'd got it wrong I too and had looked up the reason at that time.

pierrealexandre77, I'd used http://thousandsc.blogspot.com
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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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Ayrish wrote:
Hi Gmaters

Can you help me choose between A and B? and clarify why. please

379. In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

(A) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
(B) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
(C) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
(D) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
(E) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A, but I really like B :?:


A is correct. "That" in the sentence refers to "green fields", which is plural and so does "that" too. When "that" is plural, the verb that follows "that" should be also plural (surround), which is only in A and D. This eliminates BCE. The verb of "the patchwork..." should be "bustles", which is incorrect in D. A remains...

Additionally:

"many of them" is better than "many of whome".

Modifying phrase "many of them in the area just for the season" is ellipsis and correct.
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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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Clearly the subject is patchwork.. I dont understand the OA...

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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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The subject is not "patchwork".

The word "that" suggests that the subject is "green fields" (plural) and hence the verb should be "sorround" (plural).....It is the green fields that sorround not patchwork......

patchwork of green fields (singular).......bustles (singular).......

That leaves A, C and D

C has...."many of who"....who refers to an individual...in the sentence it is "farm workers" (plural)

D has..."many of which"....which refers to a thing not to people.

That leaves only (A)

In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

(A) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
(B) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
(C) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
(D) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
(E) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are

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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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Isnt "of .." the middle man here, which can be eliminated.

Hence bustles describes patchwork and surround should go with greenfields.

379. In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.
Eliminate of
In good years, the patchwork {eliminate middleman} bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.
Thus surround describes green fields.

Hence the right choice would be A

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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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TommyWallach wrote:
Hey Sarai,

Sorry to butt in, but can you reference any specific GMAT question that actually utilizes the structure you described there? I can't say I've ever seen it show up on a test, but I'm open to the possibility. In my experience, GMAT would fix the weirdness some other way (i.e. "One of my students is taking her exam..."). Perhaps a cleaner example, because it changes up the verb (instead of using is/is), might be:

One of the songs that blow my mind is "Take the A Train".

Again though, we could fix it by writing "'Take the A Train' is a song that blows my mind." Or something like that. Thoughts?

-t


Hey Tommy,

Yeah, in the Verbal Review, problem #42. The original goes,

"...the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort..."

"is a part" is corrected to read "are a part" because it is the satellites that are a part, not the 'one'. It's not a highly common structure, but I know I've seen it tested before, and students should keep their eyes open for it, paying close attention to intended meaning.

-Sarai

p.s. Couldn't agree with you more on "Take the A train"! :wink:
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Re: SC- Good Years [#permalink]

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In search for further evidence to support B, I found these information in the MGMAT SC book.

For your reference, the original problem and the first two alternatives are here:
-------------------------------
In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

(a) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
(B) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
-------------------------------

I have 4th edition of the MGMAT SC. On page 234, under "Modifiers: Exception to the Touch Rule"

1) A "mission-critical modifier falls between. This is modifier is often an Of-phrase that defines the noun. Example: He had a way OF DODGING OPPONENTS that impressed the scouts.

Without the Of-phrase, the sentence is meaningless.

In our problem, "patchwork" is meaningless without the of-phrase. So I would qualify this as a valid exception for the touch rule.

On page 236, under "subgroup modifiers"

Right: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF WHICH WERE only recently discovered
Wrong: This model explains all known subatomic particles, SOME OF WHICH only recently discovered

In other words, this construction requires a verb. As A lacks a verb, I would conclude this ungrammatical, a la MGMAT.
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In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround [#permalink]

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@
adalfu wrote:
misterchipper wrote:
The answers to these questions are almost confusing me more than helping...

I believe the answer is B and I am unsure how it could not be....

Help?



First of all, you can't even use whom in that construction.

review the whom/who distinction... a simple way to know which one to use is to ask and answer the question: whom/who are in the area? you would say they are in the area and not them are in the area... they = subject so you'll use who

who = subject
whom = object


now, you just have to know that when you're using a subgroup modifier, you can only use 3 forms of construction (see my previous post above)... you just gotta learn and memorize those... just like how you should learn and memorize all your if...then... constructions (usually 5 forms according to the MGMAT SC book -- refer to book if you have it).

adalfu The subgroup modifier rule from MGMAT makes perfect sense here but your application of who/whom distinction is completely wrong

First, the correct answer choice has 'them', which is an indication that you have applied the distinction incorrectly.
Second, here if you answer the question: Who/Whom are in the area? Your answer should be: 'Many of them are in the area' not 'many of they are in the area'.

An easy way to use this distinction is to decide what is the pronoun 'who/whom' referring to. In this case, 'who/whom' is clearly referring to farm workers and they are the object, hence whom is correct. B is wrong because of the verb 'surrounds' which does not agree with its subject- green fields.

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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 09:18
I would have chosen B

for me a patchwork is singular...


byt the way, is there a link to the whole SC 1000 questions?

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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 14:40
Totally wrong OA listed on the 1000sc.

Answer is B.

'of green fields' cannot be the subject. It needs to be 'patchwork'.

Moreover, 'many of them' is not the right construction. There needs to be a coordinating conjunction such as 'and', or a relative pronoun conjunction, such as 'whom' in this case. If we wanted to use 'many of them', its most appropriate usage would probably have to be preceded by a ";"

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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 17:45
Answer is clearly A, although at first try i got trapped with B as well.

The sentence should like this:
379. In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

We use surround because it is referred to fields rather patchwork. Fields is plural, thus we use surround.
We use bustles because it is the verb, which belongs to the patchwork, not the fields
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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 18:31
Not able to understand why A is OA.....
Clearly patchwork of green fields that surround is not correct..... it should be surrounds......it is not green fields that surround....but patchwork that surrounds.........

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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2009, 19:54
Hi everyone.
I dont think that there is a mistake in 1000sc, I haven't met yet, however, if you have please post it 1000sc-answers-a-u-going-to-post-q-n-look-here-first-85402.html#p639821, will be very useful.
The problem is dif. question, but it doesn't mean that it is wrong. Although, I am with the majority for the B, I hope to see wise explonation from the GURUs of club. Please.
Thanx.

patchwork - a thing composed of many different elements so as to appear variegated, Can it surround?
many of them is also quite unusual
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Re: 379 out of 1000 [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2009, 00:37
Ayrish wrote:
Hi Gmaters

Can you help me choose between A and B? and clarify why. please

379. In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.
(A) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
(B) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
(C) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
(D) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
(E) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A, but I really like B :?:


I think 'that' refers to the green fields which is plural -> surround is correct
bustles is verb for the phrase 'patchwork of green fields' -> so it is singular
'many of them' somehow look awkward to me but since B is wrong with respect to subject verb agreement, I go with A

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Re: 379 out of 1000   [#permalink] 31 Oct 2009, 00:37

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