dkverma wrote:
In the sequence of nonzero numbers t1, t2, t3, …, tn, …, tn+1 = tn / 2 for all positive integers
n. What is the value of t5?
(1) t3 = 1/4
(2) t1 - t5 = 15/16
Given: \(t_{n+1}=\frac{t_n}{2}\). So \(t_2=\frac{t_1}{2}\), \(t_3=\frac{t_2}{2}=\frac{t_1}{4}\), \(t_4=\frac{t_3}{2}=\frac{t_1}{8}\), ...
Basically we have geometric progression with common ratio \(\frac{1}{2}\): \(t_1\), \(\frac{t_1}{2}\), \(\frac{t_1}{4}\), \(\frac{t_1}{8}\), ... --> \(t_n=\frac{t_1}{2^{n-1}}\).
Question: \(t_5=\frac{t_1}{2^4}=?\)
(1) \(t_3=\frac{1}{4}\) --> we can get \(t_1\) --> we can get \(t_5\). Sufficient.
(2) \(t_1-t_5=2^4*t_5-t_5=\frac{15}{16}\) --> we can get \(t_5\). Sufficient.
Answer: D.
Generally for arithmetic (or geometric) progression if you know:
- any particular two terms,
- any particular term and common difference (common ratio),
- the sum of the sequence and either any term or common difference (common ratio),
then you will be able to calculate any missing value of given sequence.
Hope it helps.