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Intern  Joined: 06 May 2008
Posts: 21
Is pq = 1? (1) pqp = p (2) qpq = q  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   75% (hard)

Question Stats: 47% (01:25) correct 53% (01:17) wrong based on 386 sessions

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Is pq = 1?

(1) pqp = p

(2) qpq = q

Originally posted by DFG5150 on 16 May 2009, 21:17.
Last edited by Bunuel on 01 Oct 2013, 03:21, edited 2 times in total.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58427
Re: Is pq = 1?  [#permalink]

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11
4
warabull wrote:
fameatop wrote:
abilash10 wrote:
yes but if (1) gives us PQ= 1 as a possible conclusion, and so does (2), then cant we conclude that PQ=1 ?

That's not correct always and for the same reason i combined both the statements.

Hey can you please explain when to combine the statements and when not to ?
I was under the impression that for such questions, one needs to look at the common solution from both the qquestions to arrive at the answer.
If you could explain when to use these two approaches, it would help.

Thanks !

Notice that p=0 from the first statement does not exclude q being 0 too and similarly q=0 from the second statement does not exclude p being 0 too.

Is pq = 1?

(1) pqp = p --> p(pq-1)=0 --> either p=0 and q=(any number), including 0 so in this case pq=0 not 1 or pq=1. Not sufficient.

(2) qpq = q --> q(pq-1)=0 --> either q=0 and p=(any number), including 0 so in this case pq=0 not 1 or pq=1. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) When combined we have that either p=q=0 or pq=1. Not sufficient.

When we consider two statements together we should take the values which satisfy both statements. For this question $$pq=1$$ satisfies both statement, but $$p=q=0$$ also satisfies both statements. So what you call "common solution" for this question is: $$pq=1$$ OR $$pq=0\neq{1}$$.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Is pq = 1?  [#permalink]

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9
1
abilash10 wrote:
Is pq = 1?
(1) pqp = p
(2) qpq = q

Statement 1-
pqp = p
p (pq-1)=0
It means p=0 or pq=1
Not sufficient

Statement 2-
qpq = q
q (pq-1)=0
It means q=0 or pq=1
Not sufficient

Statement 1 & 2-
Combining both statements we get $$p^3q^2$$ - p = 0
p($$p^2q^2$$ - 1) = 0
p (pq-1)(pq+1) = 0
p=0 or pq=1 or pq=-1
Not sufficient
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Manager  Joined: 27 Sep 2008
Posts: 54
Re: A One product  [#permalink]

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Statement 1

pqp = p
Dividing both sides in p
pq = 1

sufficient

Statement 2

qpq = q
Dividing both sides in q
qp = 1

sufficient

So the answer is (D)
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Posts: 1803
Re: A One product  [#permalink]

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4
DFG5150 wrote:
Is pq = 1?

(1) pqp = p

(2) qpq = q

It's certainly possible, using either or both statements, that p = q = pq = 1. It's also possible that p = q = pq = 0. So the answer is E.
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Intern  Joined: 06 May 2008
Posts: 21
Re: A One product  [#permalink]

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1
Greenberg wrote:
Statement 1

pqp = p
Dividing both sides in p
pq = 1

sufficient

Statement 2

qpq = q
Dividing both sides in q
qp = 1

sufficient

So the answer is (D)

Since we don't know whether p=0 or q=0, we can't divide the ecuations by these variables.
Manager  Joined: 14 May 2009
Posts: 170
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Re: A One product  [#permalink]

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1
Greenberg wrote:
Statement 1

pqp = p
Dividing both sides in p
pq = 1

sufficient

Statement 2

qpq = q
Dividing both sides in q
qp = 1

sufficient

So the answer is (D)

You forgot to consider whether p or q are 0, in which case you'd be dividing by 0 (which is undefined). If it's not stated that the variable can't be 0, move the variables to one side and factor.
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Re: Is pq = 1?  [#permalink]

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yes but if (1) gives us PQ= 1 as a possible conclusion, and so does (2), then cant we conclude that PQ=1 ?
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Re: Is pq = 1?  [#permalink]

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abilash10 wrote:
yes but if (1) gives us PQ= 1 as a possible conclusion, and so does (2), then cant we conclude that PQ=1 ?

That's not correct always and for the same reason i combined both the statements.
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Intern  Joined: 31 Mar 2013
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GMAT Date: 10-23-2013
Re: Is pq = 1?  [#permalink]

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fameatop wrote:
abilash10 wrote:
yes but if (1) gives us PQ= 1 as a possible conclusion, and so does (2), then cant we conclude that PQ=1 ?

That's not correct always and for the same reason i combined both the statements.

Hey can you please explain when to combine the statements and when not to ?
I was under the impression that for such questions, one needs to look at the common solution from both the qquestions to arrive at the answer.
If you could explain when to use these two approaches, it would help.

Thanks !
Intern  Joined: 29 Sep 2013
Posts: 45
Re: Is pq = 1? (1) pqp = p (2) qpq = q  [#permalink]

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DFG5150 wrote:
Is pq = 1?

(1) pqp = p

(2) qpq = q

This is how I approached the question; if anyone can kindly point out my flaw.
The question is asking pq=1

or p=1/q or q=1/p

Meaning are p and q reciprocal?. Yes/No

Statement 1
pqp=p
p^2q=p
q=p/p^2
q=1/p so Sufficient

Statement 2

qpq=q
q^2p=q
p=q/q^2
p=1/q so Sufficient

Therefore the answer is C
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 58427
Re: Is pq = 1? (1) pqp = p (2) qpq = q  [#permalink]

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suk1234 wrote:
DFG5150 wrote:
Is pq = 1?

(1) pqp = p

(2) qpq = q

This is how I approached the question; if anyone can kindly point out my flaw.
The question is asking pq=1

or p=1/q or q=1/p

Meaning are p and q reciprocal?. Yes/No

Statement 1
pqp=p
p^2q=p
q=p/p^2
q=1/p so Sufficient

Statement 2

qpq=q
q^2p=q
p=q/q^2
p=1/q so Sufficient

Therefore the answer is C

If you say that each statement is sufficient, then you mean that the answer should be D, not C, right?

Now, the problem in your solution is that you cannot reduce pqp=p by p to get pq=1. This is because p can be zero and division be zero is not allowed.

Never reduce equation by variable (or expression with variable), if you are not certain that variable (or expression with variable) doesn't equal to zero. We can not divide by zero.

So when you divide by p you assume, with no ground for it, that p does not equal to zero thus exclude a possible solution. Notice that p=0 and pq=1 both satisfy pqp=p.

The same logic applies to the second statement.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Is pq = 1? (1) pqp = p (2) qpq = q  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
suk1234 wrote:
DFG5150 wrote:
Is pq = 1?

(1) pqp = p

(2) qpq = q

This is how I approached the question; if anyone can kindly point out my flaw.
The question is asking pq=1

or p=1/q or q=1/p

Meaning are p and q reciprocal?. Yes/No

Statement 1
pqp=p
p^2q=p
q=p/p^2
q=1/p so Sufficient

Statement 2

qpq=q
q^2p=q
p=q/q^2
p=1/q so Sufficient

Therefore the answer is C

If you say that each statement is sufficient, then you mean that the answer should be D, not C, right?

Now, the problem in your solution is that you cannot reduce pqp=p by p to get pq=1. This is because p can be zero and division be zero is not allowed.

Never reduce equation by variable (or expression with variable), if you are not certain that variable (or expression with variable) doesn't equal to zero. We can not divide by zero.

So when you divide by p you assume, with no ground for it, that p does not equal to zero thus exclude a possible solution. Notice that p=0 and pq=1 both satisfy pqp=p.

The same logic applies to the second statement.

Hope it helps.

Never reduce equation by variable (or expression with variable), if you are not certain that variable (or expression with variable) doesn't equal to zero. We can not divide by zero.

Yeaps! got it now. Thanks for the reply, it's very helpful. And thanks for that important bit of information. Manager  B
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Re: Is pq = 1? (1) pqp = p (2) qpq = q  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:

Never reduce equation by variable (or expression with variable), if you are not certain that variable (or expression with variable) doesn't equal to zero. We can not divide by zero.

This is a very important rule. Thanks bunnel.
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Re: Is pq = 1? (1) pqp = p (2) qpq = q  [#permalink]

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DFG5150 wrote:
Is pq = 1?

(1) pqp = p

(2) qpq = q

$$pq\,\,\mathop = \limits^? \,\,1$$

Let´s go straight to bifurcate (1+2), to guarantee the right answer is (E), indeed.

$$\left( {1 + 2} \right)\,\,\,\,\left\{ \matrix{ \,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {p,q} \right) = \left( {1,1} \right)\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\left\langle {{\rm{YES}}} \right\rangle \,\, \hfill \cr \,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {p,q} \right) = \left( {0,0} \right)\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\left\langle {{\rm{NO}}} \right\rangle \,\, \hfill \cr} \right.$$

This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.
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Re: Is pq = 1? (1) pqp = p (2) qpq = q  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: Is pq = 1? (1) pqp = p (2) qpq = q   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2019, 13:35
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