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It is common to assume that people who act morally are normally [#permalink]
Any expert would like to explain Q1? Why is D wrong?
Or where is the OE? Thanks
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Re: It is common to assume that people who act morally are normally [#permalink]
Mavisdu1017 wrote:
Any expert would like to explain Q1? Why is D wrong?
Or where is the OE? Thanks


My reasoning for choosing option E -

those who simply imagined their own generosity then gave themselves license to be selfish.

As mentioned in the line above, the study is talking about people who simply imagined that they performed a generous act (such as tutoring a student) were later less likely to donate a portion of their earnings to charity.

which tells us that - Individuals can give themselves moral license without performing any moral action
thus, option E

Not sure about Q2 though.
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Re: It is common to assume that people who act morally are normally [#permalink]
can anyone please explain Questionn 2?
Thanks
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Re: It is common to assume that people who act morally are normally [#permalink]
Can anyone please give explaination to both the questions

Thanks in advance
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Re: It is common to assume that people who act morally are normally [#permalink]
"If individuals are normally motivated to at least strive for a moral self-image in this way, we should not be too hasty to discount the common-sense assumption that moral motivation is typically behind moral action."

Can someone please elaborate on this line and tie it up with the passage?
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Re: It is common to assume that people who act morally are normally [#permalink]
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Q2. Which of the following results of a later study, if true, would weaken the conclusion stated in last sentence of the passage?

I. Subjects who, on a scale of generous to selfish, rated themselves as more generous were no more or less likely to act generously than subjects who rated themselves as more selfish.

II. Subjects who acted the most generously in a spontaneous situation were largely unable to identify clear reasons for their actions.

III. Subjects who acted generously in the first phase of an experiment were less likely to act generously in the next phase of the experiment.

A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II only
D. I and III only
E. II and III only

I think I will take a shot at Q2
What we need to prove is Moral Motivation is not behind Moral Action. [MM X>>>>XX MA].
So B clearly says that the subjects weren't able to identify the line of thought or motivation for their action. This is what we need to prove that MM doesn't lead to MA.
A says that everyone, From the most generous to most selfish person acted in a similar way. This again is what we need to prove. This says that there was not motivation.
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Re: It is common to assume that people who act morally are normally [#permalink]
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Re: It is common to assume that people who act morally are normally [#permalink]
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