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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that [#permalink]
1
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Foreign visitors are more likely than locals to see rare animals. Why is that? Could it be that the rare animals themselves are mesmerized by the sight of uncommon humans visiting their habitat and thus more likely to show themselves? :roll:

(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rains
Then the locals should be seeing the animals too. Incorrect.

(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the park
Doesn't explain

(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor
This could be why foreigners see more rare animals

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators
Again, doesn't explain

(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals­
But in order to 'classify' animals they need to see them first. How are they seeing them? Not answered in this option.

Answer is C
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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that [#permalink]
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that foreign tourists on guided tours, despite their inexperience and lack of knowledge, manage to see rare animals more often than they do. Unlike in a zoo, the animals wander around to their hearts' content in a huge natural area, and there is never any guarantee that a visitor to such a reserve will see a specific type of animal. Although it is believed that the success of the foreign tourists is a result of "beginner's luck", what could actually explain this phenomenon is the fact that __________.

Which of the following best completes the passage below?


(A) the numbers of animals in the various nature reserves have increased in recent years due to adequate rains

Incorrect.

This is a "Complete the Argument" format question. The missing argument part follows the phrase what could actually explain this phenomenon... so its role is to explain contradicting premises. Therefore, this is a Paradox question:

Premise A: South African visitors to nature reserves complain that tourists on guided tours see rare animals more often than they do

Premise B: it is not that easy to see certain animals in such a reserve, and tourists lack any knowledge in this field
+
Premise C: it is believed that the tourists have "beginner's luck" but actually...

Resolving Premise: ?

This answer choice cannot explain the paradox and therefore cannot logically complete the argument. If there are more animals in the nature reserves than it should be easier for local visitors and tourists to see them, but still only the tourists see them.


(B) there is no communication between foreign tourists and local visitors to the park

Incorrect.

This is a "Complete the Argument" format question. The missing argument part follows the phrase what could actually explain this phenomenon... so its role is to explain contradicting premises. Therefore, this is a Paradox question:

Premise A: South African visitors to nature reserves complain that tourists on guided tours see rare animals more often than they do

Premise B: it is not that easy to see certain animals in such a reserve, and tourists lack any knowledge in this field
+
Premise C: it is believed that the tourists have "beginner's luck" but actually...

Resolving Premise: ?

This answer contradicts one of the premises and therefore cannot logically complete the argument. If tourists and local visitors did not communicate, how would locals know how many rare animals the tourists saw?


(C) the tours offered to foreign tourists are guided by people with more experience than the average local visitor

This answer choice logically resolves the paradox and completes the argument. If the tour guides are more knowledgeable than the average local visitor, it makes sense that they would be more successful at locating the rare animals and that their group of tourists will see more rare animals.

(D) rarely seen animals are usually those that are either nocturnal or vulnerable to attacks by predators

Incorrect.

This answer choice fails to resolve the paradox and therefore cannot logically complete the argument. More details about which types of animals are considered rare does not help explain why tourists see more of them than locals.


(E) the foreign tourists take courses in their own countries prior to the tours, and thereby gain extra knowledge for the efficient classification of animals

Incorrect.

Since it explains the tourists' classification skills, this answer choice could explain how tourists recognize rare animals when they see them. However, it fails to explain the paradox at hand which is - why do tourists see more rare animals than locals? Therefore, it cannot logically complete the argument.
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Re: Local visitors to nature reserves in South Africa often complain that [#permalink]
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