GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 22 Nov 2018, 02:57

# GMAT Club Tests are Free and Open until midnight Nov 22, Pacific Time

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Key Strategies to Master GMAT SC

November 24, 2018

November 24, 2018

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Attend this webinar to learn how to leverage Meaning and Logic to solve the most challenging Sentence Correction Questions.
• ### GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz

November 24, 2018

November 24, 2018

09:00 AM PST

11:00 AM PST

We will start promptly at 09 AM Pacific Time. Quiz will last approximately 2 hours. Make sure you are on time or you will be at a disadvantage.

# Magoosh practice question -- Dante Rossetti and his colleagues

Author Message
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2016
Posts: 256
Magoosh practice question -- Dante Rossetti and his colleagues  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Oct 2017, 02:52
hi mikemcgarry

Here is a practice from Magoosh, I need your help

Dante Rossetti and his colleagues, in calling their group the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, sought a return to the classical ideals of painting that held sway before Raffaello, to what governed the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli.

A) Raffaello, to what governed the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli

B) Raffaello, artistic principles that would govern the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli

C) Raffaello who governed the work of 15th century artists like Sandro Botticelli

D) Raffaello by which the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli was governed

E) Raffaello that had governed the work of 15th century artists like Sandro Botticelli

Question #1
As the explanation, it is a parallelism,
to classical ideals parallel to to what governed the work of 15th century artists

I am curious, why there is no parallel mark, such as "and" , between these two parallel parts

Question #2

I am always confused what does "preposition + which" refer to? does it refer the immediate preceding noun?
this phrase "by which" appears
because "which" cannot refer to people, why "which" does not refer to "ideals" ?

have a nice day

Zoe
>_~
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4488
Re: Magoosh practice question -- Dante Rossetti and his colleagues  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Oct 2017, 13:14
zoezhuyan wrote:
hi mikemcgarry

Here is a practice from Magoosh, I need your help

Dante Rossetti and his colleagues, in calling their group the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, sought a return to the classical ideals of painting that held sway before Raffaello, to what governed the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli.

A) Raffaello, to what governed the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli

B) Raffaello, artistic principles that would govern the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli

C) Raffaello who governed the work of 15th century artists like Sandro Botticelli

D) Raffaello by which the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli was governed

E) Raffaello that had governed the work of 15th century artists like Sandro Botticelli

Question #1
As the explanation, it is a parallelism,
to classical ideals parallel to to what governed the work of 15th century artists

I am curious, why there is no parallel mark, such as "and" , between these two parallel parts

Question #2

I am always confused what does "preposition + which" refer to? does it refer the immediate preceding noun?
this phrase "by which" appears
because "which" cannot refer to people, why "which" does not refer to "ideals" ?

have a nice day

Zoe
>_~

Dear zoezhuyan

I'm happy to respond, my friend.

Question #1:
It's not exactly right to say that this is standard parallelism. It's really an appositive phrase, which is a special case of parallelism. See:
GMAT Grammar: Appositive Phrases

Suppose I were to say:
I wrote this blog article about the verbal genius at Magoosh, about Chris Lele.
According to that sentence, the blog article was not about two different people--the "verbal genius at Magoosh" and "Chris Lele" are one and the same. Those are two ways to refer to the same person. That's an appositive phrase. An appositive phrase is a special case of parallelism, but notice that we do not use the standard conjunctions that we would use in ordinary parallelism. Using "and" would imply that there were two different people and that contradicts the meaning of the sentence.

In the OA of this sentence, the "classical ideas" and "what governed the work of 15th century artists" are not two different things--they are also one and the same, because this is also an appositive phrase modifier. Once again, the word "and" incorrectly would imply that these are two different things, contradicting the meaning of the sentence.

Does this make sense?

Question #2:
Are you familiar with the idea of a vital vs. non-vital modifier. See:
That vs. Which on the GMAT
GMAT Grammar: Vital Noun Modifiers
Whenever we have [comma] + "which" or [comma] + [preposition] + "which", of course we expect such a noun-modifying phrase to "touch" the target noun. A vital noun modifier, though, has the ability to come between the target noun and such a noun-modifying phrase. As a general rule, if you see
(noun modifier)(noun modifier)(noun modifier) + [comma] + "which"
then you may well have to "swim upstream," swim up all those modifiers, to find the target noun from which everything hangs.

In this sentence, in the incorrect answer (D), we have

. . . Raffaello by which the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli was governed

We know that the person, the great artist, Raffaello (1483 - 1520), cannot be the target noun. This name is part of a modifier, which I'll put in parentheses. What comes before this modifier?

. . . painting (that held sway before Raffaello) by which the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli was governed

That noun, "painting," is not a logical target, and it's also part of another modifier. I'll put this one in parentheses too. What's before that?
. . . the classical ideals (of painting) (that held sway before Raffaello) by which the work of 15th century artists such as Sandro Botticelli was governed.

That's it! Now, we have found our target noun! The phrases in parenthesis are vital noun modifiers, so they have every right to come between the target noun "classical ideal" and the pronoun "which."

Does all this make sense?

Take care, my friend!
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2016
Posts: 256
Re: Magoosh practice question -- Dante Rossetti and his colleagues  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Oct 2017, 18:23
Awesome explanation

Thanks so much
Re: Magoosh practice question -- Dante Rossetti and his colleagues &nbs [#permalink] 12 Oct 2017, 18:23
Display posts from previous: Sort by