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Re: Mayor: Local antitobacco activists are calling for expanded antismokin [#permalink]
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Mayor: Local antitobacco activists are calling for expanded antismoking education programs paid for by revenue from heavily increased taxes on cigarettes sold in the city. Although the effectiveness of such education programs is debatable, there is strong evidence that the taxes themselves would produce the sought-after reduction in smoking. Surveys show that cigarette sales drop substantially in cities that impose stiff tax increases on cigarettes.

Which one of the following, if true, most undermines the reasoning in the argument above?


(A) A city-imposed tax on cigarettes will substantially reduce the amount of smoking in the city if the tax is burdensome to the average cigarette consumer. Incorrect

support argument reasoning

(B) Consumers are more likely to continue buying a product if its price increases due to higher taxes than if its price increases for some other reason. Incorrect

it contradicts with argument, cant explain why sales decreased but smoking cigarettes were not

(C) Usually, cigarette sales will increase substantially in the areas surrounding a city after that city imposes stiff taxes on cigarettes. Correct

so, sales decreased because of increased tax but consumption of cigarettes was not

(D) People who are well informed about the effects of long-term tobacco use are significantly less likely to smoke than are people who are not informed. Incorrect

talks about another fact

(E) Antismoking education programs that are funded by taxes on cigarettes will tend to lose their funding if they are successful. Incorrect

irrelevant
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Re: Mayor: Local antitobacco activists are calling for expanded antismokin [#permalink]
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Since the taxes are local, the most undermining result would be
1. Educational program, though debatable, if proven that it is completely ineffective in control smoking.
2. Survey( that shows the sales is low with higher taxes) is some how incorrect. That is, people choose alternate options, by ordering online, drive out-of-city to buy the cigarette, choosing duty-free places like airport etc. Also, sales lower in the city does not mean that people of the city don't have other options.


(A) A city-imposed tax on cigarettes will substantially reduce the amount of smoking in the city if the tax is burdensome to the average cigarette consumer.
This is already known and does not weaken the argument. Eliminate

(B) Consumers are more likely to continue buying a product if its price increases due to higher taxes than if its price increases for some other reason.
This may or may not be true. If someone don't have enough money, they cannot buy the product, period. So this case is extreme and hence it does not qualify to undermine the argument. Eliminate.

(C) Usually, cigarette sales will increase substantially in the areas surrounding a city after that city imposes stiff taxes on cigarettes.
C, is the correct choice as per our analysis.

(D) People who are well informed about the effects of long-term tobacco use are significantly less likely to smoke than are people who are not informed.
well-informed people & effects of long-term tobacco use is irrelevant to the argument. Eliminate.

(E) Antismoking education programs that are funded by taxes on cigarettes will tend to lose their funding if they are successful.
It about eliminating smoking which is the true goal. If it is achieved then there is no need for antismoking programs at all. Eliminate.
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Re: Mayor: Local antitobacco activists are calling for expanded antismokin [#permalink]
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Correct Option C

Mayor:
Local antitobacco activists are calling for expanded antismoking education programs
paid for by revenue from heavily increased taxes on cigarettes sold in the city.
Although the effectiveness of such education programs is debatable,
Evidence: taxes themselves would produce the sought-after reduction in smoking.
Surveys: cigarette sales drop substantially in cities that impose stiff tax increases on cigarettes.

Conclusion: Impose tax will drop tobacco sale
Assumption: considered only one option, that tobacco can be made available
Argument: People on tax impose on tobacco, will not purchase

Which one of the following, if true, most undermines the reasoning in the argument above?

(A) A city-imposed tax on cigarettes will substantially reduce the amount of smoking in the city
if the tax is burdensome to the average cigarette consumer.
Wrong: Strengthen the argument

(B) Consumers are more likely to continue buying a product
if its price increases due to higher taxes than
if its price increases for some other reason.
Weaken: to close to correct but, here condition can be implemented, what if price is high than expected

(C) Usually, cigarette sales will increase substantially in
the areas surrounding a city after that
city imposes stiff taxes on cigarettes.
Weaken: City impose tax sales decrease to nearby city where tax is not imposed sales increase, person might end up purchasing bulk amount at less price and consume as per need.

(D) People who are well informed
about the effects of long-term tobacco use are significantly less likely to smoke than are
people who are not informed.
Wrong: Informed vs non-Informed comparison between the people

(E) Antismoking education programs that are
funded by taxes on cigarettes will tend to lose them
funding if they are successful.
Wrong: irrelevant - gives detail about agency/ programs profit and loss
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Re: Mayor: Local antitobacco activists are calling for expanded antismokin [#permalink]
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Re: Mayor: Local antitobacco activists are calling for expanded antismokin [#permalink]
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