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Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that

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Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2010, 01:58
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Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that children simultaneously process information through multiple sensory channels, as a multitude of rivers flowing into the ocean.

A: ...
B: like a multitude of rivers flowing into the ocean
C: as a multitude of rivers do that flow into the ocean
D: like a multitude of rivers do that flow into the ocean
E: as do the multitude of rivers that flow into that ocean

Comparison should be based on the structure below, right?
X as Y (both X and Y are clauses)
X like Y (both X and Y are nouns)
Can someone categorize the above sentence please.
Whether we are comparing nouns or clauses...thanks.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2010, 07:45
I would go with E....Someone please clarify...How can the OA be B Aren't we comparing clauses here?? OR have I missed something

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2010, 09:00
A looks good here.

I think the use of "Like" is wrong as we are comparing the clause.
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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2010, 11:49
Even i went for A.Still not convinced.:(

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2010, 12:05
My take -
We are comparing "the structure of sensory channels" to "the structure of the rivers" i.e nouns...we are not comparing the mechanism. Hence,we can eliminate options which use "as".
D is incorrect in that it states that children process information in a manner similar to how rivers flowing into the ocean do.
Now we are left with 'B' which is the correct option - it compares the correct clauses without distorting the meaning.

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2010, 12:57
gmatbull wrote:
Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that children simultaneously process information through multiple sensory channels, as a multitude of rivers flowing into the ocean.

A: ...
B: like a multitude of rivers flowing into the ocean
C: as a multitude of rivers do that flow into the ocean
D: like a multitude of rivers do that flow into the ocean
E: as do the multitude of rivers that flow into that ocean



like is for comparing two nouns and as is for comparing two clauses.
Here we are comparing two phrases which are processing information through ..... and rivers flowing into the ocean.
Not two nouns children and rivers.

So it should be either A or C
Now in C rivers do that flow is awkward.
A is the best match...

But in A can we have as a multitude of rivers flow (|| with process) into the ocean.

Last edited by geturdream on 08 Sep 2010, 23:30, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2010, 16:21
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We must remember that "as" is for clauses (sentences fragments that don't have a verb) and "like" is for phrases (sentence fragments with a verb).
Based on this:

A: ...- Wrong: as is used with a phrase.
B: like a multitude of rivers flowing into the ocean
C: as a multitude of rivers do that flow into the ocean - ackward
D: like a multitude of rivers do that flow into the ocean - Wrong: like is used with a clause.
E: as do the multitude of rivers that flow into that ocean - ackward. "the multitude of rivers" also is wrong, "the" changes the meaning of the sentence. The original sentence doesn't mention a particular multitude of rivers; "the" is not necessary.

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2010, 04:34
B
this reminded me of the song "like a bridge over troubled water...." :)
"like" here is used to denote similarity. For those who love poetry, a simile

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2010, 06:19
From Meaning perspective B looks good

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2010, 06:50
Quote:
But in A can we have "as a multitude of rivers flow (|| with process) into the ocean."

"multitude of rivers" = subject
"flow" = verb
With the subject and verb, the entire thing is now a clause, but the comparison doesn't make sense:

"children simultaneously process information through multiple sensory channels as a multitude of rivers flow into the ocean" suggests that children process information as rivers flow into the ocean???

But,

"children simultaneously process information through multiple sensory channels as do a multitude of rivers that flow into the ocean."

looks better; however, this sentence (am afraid) suggests that multiple rivers also "process information through multiple sensory channels"

Experts opinion is required.
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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2010, 23:00
as a multitude of rivers flowing into the ocean.
Back to the original question:is it a noun or a clause?
this is a noun-phrase (noun + modifier)
multitude of rivers -a noun
flowing- ing participle modifying the noun

we are comparing the flow of information to the flow of rivers
Both involved many sources(structures/rivers) that carry something (information/water) and eventually merged into one large depository(brain/ocean)

We are comparing a clause to a (noun)phrase. This eliminates options with "as"
C,D and E are incorrect because they implied that the rivers also process information.
B-"like" is used to compare a clause to a phrase, and we are comparing similar qualities (the flow of information/river)

Last edited by Eden on 09 Sep 2010, 03:10, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2010, 23:42
IMO B
It's a metaphor, you don't use "as"

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2010, 09:54
B. Like can be safely used for metaphorical comaprisions such as this one.

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2010, 22:32
shrouded1 wrote:
IMO B
It's a metaphor, you don't use "as"

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this is a good quick fix.. ThAnX
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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that [#permalink]

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2016, 01:22
Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that children simultaneously process information through multiple sensory channels, as a multitude of rivers flowing into the ocean.

A: as a multitude of rivers flowing into the ocean - as for comparison takes a clause. So it is not correct
B: like a multitude of rivers flowing into the ocean
C: as a multitude of rivers do that flow into the ocean - that can not modify rivers , because of verb 'do' in between. Hence incorrect
D: like a multitude of rivers do that flow into the ocean - Like does not precede a clause. Hence incorrect
E: as do the multitude of rivers that flow into that ocean - Formation is right. But , multitude of rivers do what? process information?Nope. So Incorrect sense conveyed

Left with only B. Correctly compares the multitude of rivers with multiple sensory channels

Just started the day with the comparison. Lets hope everything goes right ! :-D
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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2016, 06:20
C is also correct

this question is a imitation of og question " genes can jump..."
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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2016, 07:30
I don't think this question is good for practice.
avoid it at all costs...use only official questions, or questions from verified sources.

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 10:03
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hansolo wrote:
B. Like can be safely used for metaphorical comaprisions such as this one.

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Correct. 'Like' needs to be used in these cases. hence B

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Re: Over a century ago, a prescient educator discovered that   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2017, 10:03
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