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# People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr

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Manager
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People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 11:54
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People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and practice. \ There is not an activity in the world for which someone who has practiced for over 10,000 hours is not a master.
The argument above is most vulnerable to criticism on which of the following grounds?

B It assumes that the number of hours required to achieve mastery is the same for all activities.
C It overlooks the possibility that people only invest significant time in activities in which they excel.
D It generalizes its conclusion from the limited experience of the author.
E It draws a conclusion from one data point without considering the existence of other data points.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 12:00
How to eliminate B and D here
its a weird question
what should be approach while solving such questions
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 18:23
C..since the argument assumes that if people spend significant time on any activity they can master it. However C provides a reason against it stating that people spend more time on activity which they have already mastered/excel or in activities they feel they will excel

People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and practice. \ There is not an activity in the world for which someone who has practiced for over 10,000 hours is not a master.
The argument above is most vulnerable to criticism on which of the following grounds?

B It assumes that the number of hours required to achieve mastery is the same for all activities.
C It overlooks the possibility that people only invest significant time in activities in which they excel.
D It generalizes its conclusion from the limited experience of the author.
E It draws a conclusion from one data point without considering the existence of other data points.
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 20:53
haardiksharma wrote:
People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and practice. \ There is not an activity in the world for which someone who has practiced for over 10,000 hours is not a master.
The argument above is most vulnerable to criticism on which of the following grounds?

B It assumes that the number of hours required to achieve mastery is the same for all activities.
C It overlooks the possibility that people only invest significant time in activities in which they excel.
D It generalizes its conclusion from the limited experience of the author.
E It draws a conclusion from one data point without considering the existence of other data points.

B C and E --totally confused ..Expert opinion needed..
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 20:55
B C and E all looks fine to me --totally confused ..Expert opinion needed..
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 21:29
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Imo C
The argument talks about motivation and other things to achieve mastery .
It is also mentioned in the passage that to require mastery more than 10000 hours are needed.
But if some one is not interested in some activity then he is not going to attain mastery .
So the auther is considering people who are interested in activity they are doing

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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 21:55
People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and practice.
There is not an activity in the world for which someone who has practiced for over 10,000 hours is not a master.
The argument above is most vulnerable to criticism on which of the following grounds?

A It draws a broad conclusion about all activities without addressing each activity individually. This can not be true in all the cases. Sometimes generalisation is true for all.. But that's not what author is doing here.

B It assumes that the number of hours required to achieve mastery is the same for all activities. : we are not given fixed number of hours. Argument just says that "for over 10,000 hours" number of hours to excel can be any number greater than 10,000

C It overlooks the possibility that people only invest significant time in activities in which they excel.

D It generalizes its conclusion from the limited experience of the author. This only attacks the personality of the author, we do not know if the author was experienced or not? Can we tell for sure.

E It draws a conclusion from one data point without considering the existence of other data points. No there is not even one data point mentioned in the argument. Argument gives a general pattern of practising greater than 10,000 hours.
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 22:03
arvind910619 wrote:
Imo C
The argument talks about motivation and other things to achieve mastery .
It is also mentioned in the passage that to require mastery more than 10000 hours are needed.
But if some one is not interested in some activity then he is not going to attain mastery .
So the auther is considering people who are interested in activity they are doing

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hello arvind
if you could please carify my doubt, it would be a great help
As per question stem if you spend 10000hrs in any activity you will be able to master it
option C says if you are excelling in any activity then only you will give time to it.
but option E says that there are variables other than time which contribute to excellence such as interest and level of difficulty etc...
is it the question about any activity which i am going to start/which i hv no particular experince - then my excellence in that activity will be dependant on amont of time spend along with interest??
according to me answer should be E
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 22:04
if you could please carify my doubt, it would be a great help
As per question stem if you spend 10000hrs in any activity you will be able to master it
option C says if you are excelling in any activity then only you will give time to it.
but option E says that there are variables other than time which contribute to excellence such as interest and level of difficulty etc...
is it the question about any activity which i am going to start/which i hv no particular experince - then my excellence in that activity will be dependant on amont of time spend along with interest??
according to me answer should be E
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 00:32
Author's experience is not really in question in the argument, so we can rule it out. So 'D' is Out.
And I can see how B has been ruled out as well, as B only address the second clause in the argument i.e. Number of hours = mastery, but it contains nothing to address the author's first clause i.e. people achieve great things through motivation, dedication, etc.

C on the other hand tackles both the clauses by stating that people only invest significant time in activities in which they already excel. This breaks down the argument as it attacks the basic premise that motivation, hard work, and number of hours spent on the activity can lead to great achievements.

Hope this helps.
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 02:43
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People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and practice. \ There is not an activity in the world for which someone who has practiced for over 10,000 hours is not a master.
Type – weaken
Boil it down – With dedicated practice of over 10,000 hours , one can be a master in any activity

B It assumes that the number of hours required to achieve mastery is the same for all activities. – Incorrect – the argument does not give us definite number , but mentions over 1000 hours
C It overlooks the possibility that people only invest significant time in activities in which they excel. – Correct – This reverses the causality as people invest time only in things that they are good at to begin with
D It generalizes its conclusion from the limited experience of the author. – Incorrect
E It draws a conclusion from one data point without considering the existence of other data points.- ISWAT- This is similar to saying that multiple causes are responsible for an effect , but that one cause is still valid here
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People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2017, 10:22
People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and practice. There is not an activity in the world for which someone who has practiced for over 10,000 hours is not a master.

The argument above is most vulnerable to criticism on which of the following grounds?

B. It assumes that the number of hours required to achieve mastery is the same for all activities.
C. It overlooks the possibility that people only invest significant time in activities in which they excel.
D. It generalizes its conclusion from the limited experience of the author.
E. It draws a conclusion from one data point without considering the existence of other data points.

Last edited by broall on 05 Aug 2017, 20:44, edited 1 time in total.
Merged topic. Please search before posting question.
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2017, 07:10
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chetan2u : Dear Expert- Can you please explain why option E is wrong? I chose Option E over C. The reason was that I felt that in the last statement while the author does mention about the hours required to make someone's practice successful, he does not mention anything about the other aspects involved that include motivation and dedication. What if someone practices for 10000 hours, but is not motivated and dedicated. Please explain. So I felt that the author was drawing conclusion from only one data point. Thanks
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2017, 07:38
harshdeep12 wrote:
chetan2u : Dear Expert- Can you please explain why option E is wrong? I chose Option E over C. The reason was that I felt that in the last statement while the author does mention about the hours required to make someone's practice successful, he does not mention anything about the other aspects involved that include motivation and dedication. What if someone practices for 10000 hours, but is not motivated and dedicated. Please explain. So I felt that the author was drawing conclusion from only one data point. Thanks

Hi..

Firstly let's check the statements..
People can achieve........ - conclusion
There is not .......... - premise

Now if you look at choice A. It tells us that a broad conclusion is made without giving details of each activity.
If you didn't have any other choice weakening, you may consider this too as a choice..

But we are looking for MOST vulnerable, so you have to look at other choices too.
And choice C here clearly stands out. It attacks the premise itself thus weakening the argument

E too talks of conclusion not taking other data points. Somewhat similar to A. Both A and E do not weaken the argument, they just ask for more info.
So in the given choices C clearly holds on to the MOST tag.
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2017, 00:37
chetan2u wrote:
harshdeep12 wrote:
chetan2u : Dear Expert- Can you please explain why option E is wrong? I chose Option E over C. The reason was that I felt that in the last statement while the author does mention about the hours required to make someone's practice successful, he does not mention anything about the other aspects involved that include motivation and dedication. What if someone practices for 10000 hours, but is not motivated and dedicated. Please explain. So I felt that the author was drawing conclusion from only one data point. Thanks

Hi..

Firstly let's check the statements..
People can achieve........ - conclusion
There is not .......... - premise

Now if you look at choice A. It tells us that a broad conclusion is made without giving details of each activity.
If you didn't have any other choice weakening, you may consider this too as a choice..

But we are looking for MOST vulnerable, so you have to look at other choices too.
And choice C here clearly stands out. It attacks the premise itself thus weakening the argument

E too talks of conclusion not taking other data points. Somewhat similar to A. Both A and E do not weaken the argument, they just ask for more info.
So in the given choices C clearly holds on to the MOST tag.

thanks for this explanation it helped a lot
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Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 06:43
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This argument makes a classic mistake related to correlation vs. causation.

The author draws the conclusion ("people can achieve great things...") from the fact that people who have participated in an activity for 10,000 hours are always masters of that activity.
But is the 10,000 hours of participation necessarily the cause of mastery? Or could it be the effect - only people who are very good at an activity will enjoy it enough to keep doing it for such a long period of time!

Answer choice C hits that point directly: it could be that the duration of time is the cause of the mastery, but it could also be true that only masters stick with an activity that long.
Re: People can achieve great things through motivation, dedication, and pr   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2017, 06:43
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