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Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm

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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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It's B.
Analysis of Argument :- illegal immigration is an important issue. One candidate plans to deport illegal immigrants whereas other does not. 60% of residents opposed the plan whereas 35% supported it. So the conclusion is, the candidate who oppose the plan will win the election because he enjoys support of 60% residents. There are several things which must have assumed while drawing the conclusion and if did not they will weaken the conclusion. Any choice that contain reasoning reverse of them will be incorrect here 1) all or substantial residents do posses the voting right. 2) all or substantial residents that oppose the plan would actually vote on election day. 3) all or substantial residents that oppose the plan would cast their votes to the candidate who also oppose this plan.

A) Incorrect. This clearly weakens the argument by saying voters do not vote on the basis of candidates' position on illegal migration

B) This choice stays neutral and is correct answer.

C) Incorrect. If substatial voters who oppose the plan have no voting rights then it is difficult for that candidate to win. Weakens the argument.

D) Incorrect. This says there are other factors than illegal immigration on which voters decides whom to vote. Otherwise the candidate who supports the plan would have not been elected again and again

E) This choice seems not to weakens the argument at first(so i kept it as a contender initially) but if look closely it reveals that the residents are devided in three sections 60%(opposers), 35%(supporters), and 5%(neutral). Now the percentage of illegal immigrants is possibily 28% or 29% (just under 30%)and those should must be in 60% section. if those 28% have no voting rights then the candidate who oppose the plan would left with only 32% supporters who can actually vote and can not win the election with that. This weakens the argument. Incorrect.
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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Vercules wrote:

(E) If around 30% of the residents are illegal immigrants then the percentage of people who oppose the plan would drop to 30%. So the candidate who opposes the plan may not necessarily win the election.


The part I've highlighted in red is not quite right, mathematically. Say you have 100 people:

--> 60 oppose the plan
--> 35 support the plan
--> 5 are neutral

but we know 30 of these people are illegal immigrants and cannot vote. Assuming they all oppose the plan, when we remove those 30 people from the opposition, we have:

--> 30 oppose the plan
--> 35 support the plan
--> 5 are neutral

The total number of people is now much less than 100. So we don't have 30% opposition; we have 30/70 = 43% opposition. And if you group the opposition with those who are neutral, then you find that 50% of all people are either in opposition or are neutral (and more than 50% are if you take into account that the number of illegal immigrants is actually 'just under 30%').

So while I agree that E weakens the analyst's argument, it would be a mistake to conclude from E that a majority of actual voters will support the plan; that's still untrue even using E.
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2014, 22:09
Narenn wrote:
It's B.
Analysis of Argument :- illegal immigration is an important issue. One candidate plans to deport illegal immigrants whereas other does not. 60% of residents opposed the plan whereas 35% supported it. So the conclusion is, the candidate who oppose the plan will win the election because he enjoys support of 60% residents. There are several things which must have assumed while drawing the conclusion and if did not they will weaken the conclusion. Any choice that contain reasoning reverse of them will be incorrect here 1) all or substantial residents do posses the voting right. 2) all or substantial residents that oppose the plan would actually vote on election day. 3) all or substantial residents that oppose the plan would cast their votes to the candidate who also oppose this plan.

A) Incorrect. This clearly weakens the argument by saying voters do not vote on the basis of candidates' position on illegal migration

B) This choice stays neutral and is correct answer.

C) Incorrect. If substatial voters who oppose the plan have no voting rights then it is difficult for that candidate to win. Weakens the argument.

D) Incorrect. This says there are other factors than illegal immigration on which voters decides whom to vote. Otherwise the candidate who supports the plan would have not been elected again and again

E) This choice seems not to weakens the argument at first(so i kept it as a contender initially) but if look closely it reveals that the residents are devided in three sections 60%(opposers), 35%(supporters), and 5%(neutral). Now the percentage of illegal immigrants is possibily 28% or 29% (just under 30%)and those should must be in 60% section. if those 28% have no voting rights then the candidate who oppose the plan would left with only 32% supporters who can actually vote and can not win the election with that. This weakens the argument. Incorrect.


Very precise explanation for E. Thanks.

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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2016, 03:25
smartguy595 wrote:
monir6000 wrote:
Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, illegal immigration is an important issue in the current race for mayor. Of the two candidates for mayor, one supports a plan that would attempt to deport the city’s 9,000 illegal immigrants and the other does not. Surveys consistently show that about 60% of the city’s residents are opposed to the plan, while about 35% are in support of the plan. Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election for mayor.

All of the following statements weaken the analyst’s argument, EXCEPT:
A. In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.
B. Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal immigration.
C. Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters.
D. The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms despite taking controversial positions on many important issues.
E. Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote.


Can Someone Explain how option A weakens the argument!


In Option A, the voters makes their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion and not by illegal immigration. The argument gives split up of people who are in support/against the illegal migration. So, it difficult to say that the same split up will vote based on abortion. Hence, its weakens the argument.
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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mahakmalik wrote:
I got it right. but could anyone explain why other choices are wrong?


Lets try -

A. In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.

Most voters make their voting decisions on factors other than illegal immigration.


B. Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal immigration.

What role does it have in supporting the candidate in the election and the issue related to illegal immigration ? No relation, this option doesn't weaken the conclusion.


C. Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters.

If the survey itself is not a true reflection of the choice of a candidate then it weaken the conclusion.


D. The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms despite taking controversial positions on many important issues.

Challenges the conclusion " Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election for mayor. " - therefore this option is a weakener.

E. Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote.

If under 30% residents are illegal immigrants and they are illegal immigrants then their decision will always give a biased view in the survey results.
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2016, 22:28
We have to look for an answer choice which says that the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election. "A" states that the voter's decision primarily rests on this plan. "C" is irrelevant because the voters are not even registered; so their decision becomes invalid. "D" clearly states that the plan is being supported. Again "E" is irrelevant because it talks about people who are not in a position to vote. Hence "B" is the answer.
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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smartguy595 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, illegal immigration is an important issue in the current race for mayor. Of the two candidates for mayor, one supports a plan that would attempt to deport the city’s 9,000 illegal immigrants and the other does not. Surveys consistently show that about 60% of the city’s residents are opposed to the plan, while about 35% are in support of the plan. Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election for mayor.

All of the following statements weaken the analyst’s argument, EXCEPT:

A. In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.

B. Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal immigration.

C. Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters.

D. The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms despite taking controversial positions on many important issues.

E. Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote.


I did not understand how option 'A' weakens the conclusion!


hi,
the argument is based on the premise that the illegal immigration will be CRUCIAL for voters decision..
But A tells us that there decisions are likely to be influenced by candidate's position on abortion..

SO afterall, illegal immigrations is not that big a issue, there are bigger issues to influence the decision pattern..
So the candidate supporting sending back illegal immigrants but taking a different stand on abortion, which does not go well with majority is likely to lose irrespective of MAX people supporting his policy on illegal imm...
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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dhanyamv88 wrote:
How is option E eliminated here? help!!


Hello, dhanyamv88

It is always useful to put some simple figures in the questions with percents:

100 people live in the city

60 people do not support the plan
35 people support plan

So the candidate who do not support the plan will win

Answer E says: less than 30 people who do not support the plan can not vote.
So, 60 - 30 = 30 people will not support the plan and 35 will support the plan.

Conclusion is weakened.
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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monir6000 wrote:
Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, illegal immigration is an important issue in the current race for mayor. Of the two candidates for mayor, one supports a plan that would attempt to deport the city’s 9,000 illegal immigrants and the other does not. Surveys consistently show that about 60% of the city’s residents are opposed to the plan, while about 35% are in support of the plan. Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election for mayor.

All of the following statements weaken the analyst’s argument, EXCEPT:
A. In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.
B. Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal immigration.
C. Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters.
D. The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms despite taking controversial positions on many important issues.
E. Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote.


Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, illegal immigration is an important issue in the current race for mayor. Of the two candidates for mayor, one supports a plan that would attempt to deport the city’s 9,000 illegal immigrants and the other does not. Surveys consistently show that about 60% of the city’s residents are opposed to the plan, while about 35% are in support of the plan. Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election for mayor.

All of the following statements weaken the analyst’s argument, EXCEPT:
A. In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion. .......> Weakened the argument
B. Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal immigration. ......>It has no effect on the Argument,
C. Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters. ........> Weakened
D. The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms despite taking controversial positions on many important issues. ........>Weakened
E. Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote. ..........>Not more than the opposed 30% can vote for the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election for mayor.Weakened

Correct Answer B
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2016, 02:40
I have a problem with (A)
Quote:
In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.


Assumption: majority of residents will vote for the candidate who opposes the plan based on his position on illegal immigration.
60% of voters oppose plan and will vote based on candidate's position. So the guy will most likely be elected. Sounds strengthening of the argument to me.

The Statement states exactly the same as the underlying assumption.
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2016, 09:31
monir6000 wrote:
Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, illegal immigration is an important issue in the current race for mayor. Of the two candidates for mayor, one supports a plan that would attempt to deport the city’s 9,000 illegal immigrants and the other does not. Surveys consistently show that about 60% of the city’s residents are opposed to the plan, while about 35% are in support of the plan. Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election for mayor.

All of the following statements weaken the analyst’s argument, EXCEPT:
A. In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.
B. Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal immigration.
C. Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters.
D. The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms despite taking controversial positions on many important issues.
E. Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote.


I too narrowed down to B.

1. illegal immigration is not an important topic for voters - out.
2. hm...doesn't have any effect on the argument...hold.
3. so out of 60%, many are not registered voters. say 59% are not registered voters..in this case..more voters support the plan. weakens the argument. out
4. even if the plan is radical, the same person won elections earlier, when he/she had controversial positions as well. weakens - out.
5. so out of 30%, most of them voted for opposing the plan. it means that against the plan are +-30%, while for 35% weakens - out.


B is the answer.

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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2017, 21:48
Conclusion :- "the candidate who does not support the deportation of immigrants will win the election for mayor"

Strengthen :- "Candidate who opposes the deportation of 9000 immigrants will win election for mayor".

Weaken :- "Candidate who does support the deportation of immigrants will win the election for mayor"

Correct answer choice will either strengthen or will be irrelevant.


Answer choice B strengthens the argument :-

"Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal
immigration."

The person who opposes the immigration plan will win. Let's review: most voters oppose the plan, and 35% support the plan. However, B says that people who support the plan are willing to consider other plans for immigration. Thus, these people may not vote solely on which mayoral candidate supports the plan, and may in fact vote for the candidate who opposes the plan.
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2017, 05:24
Let total voters = 100
Candidate A Oppose, Voter 60
Candidate B Support, Voter 40
Conclusion: Candidate A will win.

Need to weaken the conclusion, i.e., Candidate A will NOT win, i.e., Candidate B will win.

All option will say either Candidate A will NOT win or Candidate B will win EXCEPT one option.

Option B: 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans
This voters support candidate B.
35% of 40 = 14 are willing to consider alternate plans, i.e., they may not support the plan. So, they may not support candidate B. So, candidate B will not win. Therefore, this is exception.

B is correct.
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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 01:10
Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, illegal immigration is an important issue in the current race for mayor. Of the two candidates for mayor, one supports a plan that would attempt to deport the city’s 9,000 illegal immigrants and the other does not. Surveys consistently show that about 60% of the city’s residents are opposed to the plan, while about 35% are in support of the plan. Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election for mayor.

All of the following statements weaken the analyst’s argument, EXCEPT:

X => support deport M
Y => doesn't support deport of M
60% of the city’s residents doesn't support so Y will win as it is more aligned with requirement of citizen.

Prethinking:-

1. what if out of these 60%, only 40% can participate in voting so that means lesser no. for Y. others are ineligible to vote.
2. what if there are other important issues that are considered when any citizen vote and (deport M ) is at the lowest of bottom when it comes to make decision.
3. what if survey itself is not the representative of what gonna happen in voting. Sample size small/ bias


A. In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.
Aligned with pre-thinking no. 3

B. Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal immigration.


E. Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote.
C. Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters.
Aligned with pre-thinking no. 1

D. The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms despite taking controversial positions on many important issues.
this can also be the reason that X will win. No matters what his views are, he is popular.

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Re: Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, unauthorized imm [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2017, 08:54
hogann wrote:
Political Analyst: Because our city is a border city, illegal immigration is an important issue in the current race for mayor. Of the two candidates for mayor, one supports a plan that would attempt to deport the city’s 9,000 illegal immigrants and the other does not. Surveys consistently show that about 60% of the city’s residents are opposed to the plan, while about 35% are in support of the plan. Therefore, the candidate who does not support the plan will win the election for mayor.

All of the following statements weaken the analyst’s argument, EXCEPT:

(A) In the city at issue, most voters make their voting decisions based on the candidates’ positions on abortion.

(B) Of the 35% of residents who support the plan, some are willing to consider alternate plans for addressing illegal immigration.

(C) Many of the residents who oppose the plan are not registered voters.

(D) The candidate who supports the plan is the incumbent mayor, and has been elected to four consecutive terms despite taking controversial positions on many important issues.

(E) Just under 30% of the city’s residents are illegal immigrants who cannot vote.


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


The analyst argues that the mayoral candidate who opposes the deportation plan will win the governor’s race because 60% of city residents also oppose the plan. The analyst assumes that a majority of residents will vote for this candidate based on his position on unauthorized immigration. Any statement that calls this assumption into question will weaken the argument. You are looking for the one statement that does NOT call this assumption into question.

(A) This statement calls into question the assumption that voters will cast their ballots based on the unauthorized immigration issue. Therefore, this statement weakens the analyst's argument.

(B) CORRECT. This does not weaken the argument. In fact, if some of those who support the plan are willing to reconsider, they may ultimately oppose the original plan and decide to vote for the candidate who is also in opposition. If anything, this would help justify the analyst's claim that the candidate who opposes the plan will win the election.

(C) This statement calls into question the assumption that a majority of residents will vote for the candidate who opposes the plan. If many of these residents are not registered voters, they will not be able to vote, regardless of their position on the immigration issue. This weakens the argument.

(D) This calls into question the assumption that the residents will vote based on the unauthorized immigration issue. This statement shows that voters have a history of voting for the incumbent despite his controversial position on important issues. It is possible that the voters will again vote for the incumbent, even if he has taken an unpopular position on the unauthorized immigration issue. This weakens the argument.

(E) If just under 30% of the residents are unauthorized immigrants, it is likely that many of the 60% in opposition to the plan are actually unauthorized immigrants themselves. If these individuals can’t vote, it is less likely that the candidate who opposes the plan will win.
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