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# Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the

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Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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29 May 2004, 04:23
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Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were

Please explain your answers. Thank you in advance.
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Re: SC- Mohenjodaro&SC notes [#permalink]

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12 May 2011, 07:23
(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations (too cumbersome)
(C) that flourished at the same time that there were with (doesn't sound right)
(D) flourishing at the same time as as those did (too cumbersome)
(E) so many changes at once that confronted them in (what on earth does this have to do with the original statement?)

This leaves A as the only option.
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Salt deposits [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2011, 01:10
[Reveal] Spoiler: 'Please check this spoiler ?'
In this sentence too How is A a correct choice...Inst there a Comparison error??

Don't we need something like that flourished at the same time as did the civilizations ???

In a similar post at => dirt-roads-116021.html we rule out some choices because of clear comparison error. What is the difference between these 2 questions??

Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of Tigris and Euphrates.

a. that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
b. that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
c. that flourished at the same time those had
d. flourishing at the same time as those did
e. flourishing at the same time as those were
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Re: Salt deposits [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2011, 22:08
if you understand the meaning of the underlined portion... the stress is on 'at the same time' so you dont need did.

'that flourished at the same time as [strike]did[/strike] the civilizations' in nile delta.

Eg. try to understand the difference -

she started studying at the same time as her sister.

ABC theatre charges as much as XYZ theatre does.
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2012, 05:49
apurva1985 wrote:
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time that there were with
(D) flourishing at the same time as as those did
(E) so many changes at once that confronted them in

A: ancient civilization parallel with civilization in nile : CORRECT
B: had...had...past is not required...as we are talking of a fact and fact can be told as a statement: WRONG
C: wrong...civilizations with nile delta...
D: what are those? WRONG
E: not very sure of the meaning...
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2012, 22:51
Why is A Correct when the comparison Made in A is wrong ??(comparison between time and civilization)
a would be correct if did was used after the second comparison...

Experts please correct me if i am missing something...
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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21 May 2012, 11:52
in A, civilization is compared with civilization, hence correct.
also 'did' at the end is obvious as pointed out by others.

So IMO A it is!
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Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 08:47
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time that there were with
(D) flourishing at the same time as as those did
(E) flourishing at the same as those were

Shraddha,

Can you help me in understanding this question
Below is my analysis ( I could arrive at the correct answer but not very confident).
Choice A - Seems correct but do not understand the function of As. It is followed by a noun and hence should play the role of a function and not for comparison.
Choice B - Tense error
Choice C - Does not make sense
Choice D - Verb changed to modifier
Choice E - Same as D

Thanks for your help,
Sugandha

Edit: by carcass
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Re: OG13 Q#89 [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 12:39
Hi Sugandha,

Your analysis is great here. Just a couple of things to help you sort through the answer choices. The structure should be: X flourished at the same time as Y.

Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
This is in the correct format outlined above
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
Incorrect use of the past perfect which should be used to compare two past events or for reported speech (but this second one rarely if ever comes up on the GMAT). These two civilizations flourished at the same time so the simple past is correct
(C) that flourished at the same time that there were with
What does THOSE refer to?
(D) flourishing at the same time as as those did
What does THOSE refer to?
(E) flourishing at the same as those were
What does THOSE refer to?

One thing that can help: Whenever you see pronouns replace them with the nouns that the pronoun is meant to replace. This action will force you to consider whether the pronoun is appropriate.

HG.
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-D [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2013, 17:39
please read the rules for posting in Verbal section

rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html

Thanks
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2013, 04:07
IMO A
Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization............

The phrase after the comma refers to/modifies Mohenjo-Daro and explains something about Mohenjo-daro that happened in the past so present participle cannot be used in this context.
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2013, 04:59
Quote:
whether D will be correct if i say:

flourishing at the same time as the civilizations

no . the comparison wud have been wrong .in A ellipses is taking care of comparison because in the first part we have "that flourished" .
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2013, 07:06
All duplicate posts on this topic has been merged.
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2013, 07:34
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were

(a) - I don't understand why A is correct here. It says that Ancient Civilization flourished as the civilizations in Nile......This is nonsensical. How can a civilization flourish as other civilizations. As i understand, we need a helping verb with other civilizations too.
(b) - Use of past perfect tense is incorrect.
(c) - use of past perfect tense is incorrect.
(d) - flourishing (verb-ing form) at the same time as those did (flourish). NOT PARALLEL.
(e) - Flourishing (verb-ing form) at ..... as those were (flourishing). This is a parallel structure but verb-ing form is not appropriate to use here. Still, i think this sentence doesn't have any grammer errors.

Please clarify/explain.
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2013, 15:17
In C, those refer to civilizations.

Consider "John is a great NFL Fan, he likes east coast teams just like those on the west coast". "Those" refer to teams just like in C refers to civilization.

please correct me whether Im wrong or not. Thanks.
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 00:14
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations looks fine
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations past perfect is not required
(C) that flourished at the same time those had those refers to those is incorrect
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did those did is incorrect
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were those were is incorrect
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2013, 05:58
go2venkat wrote:
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were

Please explain your answers. Thank you in advance.

Happy to help

We have two issues here.
1.
We are comparing the nouns, not verbs- By this I mean we are comparing the Mohenjo-Daro civilization and other civilizations. By this having a verb form like as those did in option D is ruled out.

2. we are coparing nouns in that we are comparing a singular noun Mohenjo-Daro civilization and plural noun other civilizations . The rule in MGMAT clearly states that in such type of cases the noun (in this case civilizations) has to be repeated.

We are now left with answer choice A

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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2013, 23:34
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
Correct.

(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
Wrong. Past perfect is not necessary.

(C) that flourished at the same time those had
Wrong. "those" is not clear.

(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
Wrong. Not parallel.

(E) flourishing at the same time as those were
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2013, 11:06
IF A IS ANSWER,,,DO'NT U THINK IT COMPARES FLORISHING OF THE CIVILIZATION WITH CIVILIZATION,,,,,,,,,,,,WHEREAS B DOES REMOVE THIS AMBIGUITY

I had the same doubt karun aggarwal had. Experts please explain
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2013, 11:51
this question is more on tense/tone that it is on parallelism....went with A
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Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2013, 06:17
Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilization that flourished at the same time as the civilizations in the Nile delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

(A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations
(B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations
(C) that flourished at the same time those had
(D) flourishing at the same time as those did
(E) flourishing at the same time as those were

I think there are 2 things involved in it....

1. 1st action is threaten, 2nd action is flourished ....but in order to use PAST PERFECT something would have occurred in the PAST due to which the later happened. Since nothing happened in PAST hence simple PAST TENSE 'flourished' will be used....If you go with it A is the answer

2. As is used to compare only clauses and not nouns but choice A compares a clause(that flourished) to a noun(the civilizations). This way B is the right choice.

So answer should be F Neither of them is correct..
Re: Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2013, 06:17

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